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Paul - Claiming his Roman Citizenship. Living Water Route Assembly Sept. 2008. Scripture – Acts Chapter 22:22-29.

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Paul claiming his roman citizenship

Paul - Claiming his Roman Citizenship

Living Water Route Assembly

Sept. 2008

Scripture acts chapter 22 22 29
Scripture – Acts Chapter 22:22-29

  • 22 “Up to this point they listened to him, but then they shouted, “ away with such a fellow from the earth! For he should not be allowed to live.” 23 While the were shouting, throwing off their cloaks, and tossing dust into the air, the tribune directed that he was to be examined by flogging, to find out the reason for this outcry against him.

  • 22 But when they had tied him up with thongs, Paul said to the centurion who was standing by,: Is it legal for you to flog a Roman citizen who is uncondemned?”

  • 26 When the centurion heard that, he went to the tribune and said to him,” What are you about to do? This man is a Roman citizen?”

  • 27” The tribune came and asked Paul,” tell me, are you a Roman citizen?” and he said,” Yes.”

  • 28 “the tribunes answered,” It cost me a large sume of money to get my citizenship?”Paul said,: But I was born a citizen.” 29 Immediately those who were about to examine him drew back from him and the tribune also was afraid, for he realized that Paul was a Roman citizen and that he had bound him.

  • 30 “Since he wanted to find out what Paul was being accused of by the Jews, the next day he releases him and ordered the chief priests and the entire council to meet. He brought Paul down and had him stand before them..

Paul s background acts 21 39 22 3

Paul’s Name

Saul, his Hebrew name, means "asked for". (Acts 13:9)

Paul, his apostolic name, means "small" or "little one”

Paul’s family

Jewish parents

One sister and a nephew (Acts 23:16) .

a tent maker, therefore his father could have worked at the same occupation. (Acts 18:1-3)

Never married

Paul’s Background - Acts 21:39; 22:3

Paul s background

Brought up in Tarsus, a city of Cilicia. Acts 21:39

A thriving city with many things to experience

familiar with the slave markets

saw slaves receiving their "mark" on their foreheads and hands

often used term, bond slave, to illustrate his relationship to Christ

Saw the Roman soldiers in the city

frequently used military illustrations in his writings

Paul’s background

Paul s background1

was never married

an educated and articulated man

persecuted Jesus’ followers

was transformed on the road to Damascus.

became a Christian

started witnessing for Christ

speaking to a big crowds of Jews

shared his own experience with Jesus

Paul’s background

erupted into rage over the one word - “Gentiles.”

The Jewish mob was incensed

that God’s salvation could be given freely to believing Gentiles.

22 “ And they listened to him until this word, and then they raised their voices and said, “Away with such a fellow from the earth, for he is not fit to live!” Then, as they cried out and tore off their clothes and threw dust into the air.”

no problem with Gentiles becoming Jews.

offended that Gentiles becoming Christians just as Jews became Christians

implied that Jews and Gentiles were equal, having to come to God on the same terms

The jews reaction

Some members of mob :

took off their coats

threw dust in the air

Ready for action

Stoning of Stephen

The Jews’ reaction

Examined under flogging

Paul was be beaten with a scourge

Men often died or were crippled for life after a scourging.

To be examined under flogging was brutal

but was customary in that time

happened to non- Roman Citizens

. (24) The commander demands an explanation of the riot.The commander ordered him to be brought into the barracks, and said that he should be examined under scourging, so that he might know why they shouted so against him.

25 29 paul reveals his roman citizenship

The commander answered, “With a large sum I obtained this citizenship.”

And Paul said, “But I was born a citizen.”

(25-29) Paul reveals his Roman citizenship.

Roman empire 4 classes of people

A Roman citizen citizenship.”

full range of benefits and rights

The Native Peoples

who lived in territories conquered by Rome

given a limited form of Roman citizenship such as the

Latin Right - a second-class citizenship within the Roman state

Roman Empire4 classes of people


were a class apart citizenship.”

never accorded all the rights of citizens

not allowed to vote

could not stand for civil or public office

had right to own property

having rights barely more than those of slaves in many legal areas



were considered property citizenship.”

had very limited rights

slaves could be :




raped and killed at the whim of their owners

killing of a slave was a matter of property, not a crime against a human being.

a freed slave, a freedman, was granted a form of full Roman citizenship

all slaves freed by Roman owners automatically received a limited Roman citizenship


Methods to obtain roman citizenship

Every male child born in a legal marriage of a Roman citizen citizenship.”

The sons of freed slaves became full citizens under condition

as a reward for outstanding service to Rome.

One could also buy citizenship, but at a very high price.

Methods to obtain Roman citizenship

Rights of a roman citizen

The right to vote citizenship.”

The right to stand for civil or public office

The right to make legal contracts, and to hold property

The right to sue in the courts and the right to be sued

The right to have a legal trial (to appear before a proper court and to defend oneself).

The right to appeal

A Roman citizen could not be tortured or whipped

nor could he receive the death penalty, unless he was found guilty of treason.

Rights of a Roman Citizen

Paul asserted his rights

the right to appeal to the emperor citizenship.”

Paul used his citizenship as a means to further his message.

a citizen by birth and used the rights of a citizen to further his apostolic mission.

Paul - an extremely rare individual

educated, intelligent, devout Jew - a Roman citizen

God would use this unique background to use Paul in a special way

God wants to use your unique background to use you in a special way.

Paul asserted his rights

Application citizenship.”

  • Canadian citizen rights and responsibilities

  • Do not take it for granted

Voting is a citizen s responsibility
Voting is a citizen’s responsibility citizenship.”

  • Vote in this coming election

  • Chinese has low turnout rate to vote

  • 60% vs 30-40%