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Ham Radio in Lithuania History: 1918-1940. Antanas Zdramys LY1DL. From Marconi to W.W. I. 1900s : first radio amateurs after Marconi experiments. 1-7 miles QSOs No stations over 200m 4000 amateurs in 1917 (most in USA) 200m band alocated 1000 miles distance reached

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from marconi to w w i
From Marconi to W.W. I
  • 1900s: first radio amateurs after Marconi experiments. 1-7 miles QSOs
  • No stations over 200m
  • 4000 amateurs in 1917(most in USA)
  • 200m band alocated
  • 1000 miles distance reached
  • Radio amateurs in W.W. I (3/4 from USA)
after ww i
After WW I
  • Hiram Percy Maxim proclomation – meeting in NY (11 veterans)
  • ARRL reetablished
  • Vacuum tubes invented – 1st 2000 miles
1921 23 first transatlantic
1921-23: first transatlantic
  • Paul Godley (ARRL) experiments
  • 1921: 30 USA stns hrd fm EU
  • 1922: 315 USA hrd in EU, 2 G and 1 F hrd in USA, but no QSO even with 1 KW
  • 1923: experiments on 130m and 90m.
  • November 1923: Schnell (1MO) and Reinartz (1XAM) QSO with Deloy (8AB) on 110m
1924 25
1924-25:
  • ham radio withdrawn from HF, only 160, 80, 40, 20, 10, 5 m bands left
  • First EU-VK QSO on 40 m.
  • IARU founded on April 17, 1925 in Paris (about 200 delegates from 23 countries)
b talutis ly1x 1 st ham in ly
B. Talutis LY1X – 1st ham in LY
  • 1918: first QSO on 300m in Šiauliai
  • 1927:QSO with France fom Kėdainiai (LYT)
  • 1928: ET1X
  • 1931: LY1X
  • 1932: first license
ly stations before 1930
LY stations before 1930
  • LY1HBB. Heraldas: first phone QSO with Saarbrucken from Biržai
  • LY1E– Eljaševičius from Kaunas
  • LY1MB – E. Bartninkas from Marijampolė
  • LY1B – O. Benkis from Klaipėda
  • V. Vanagas: YL2BV (student in Riga)
1931 1932 first licenses
1931-1932: First licenses
  • 1931. LY1X started appealing
  • April 23, 1932.Permission No. 11865 – First licence to operate
  • 1932 licences:
    • LY1X
    • LY1AA
    • LY1J
    • LY1S
1932 1938
1932-1938
  • 1933: LY1AC, LY1MB, LY1ZB
  • 1934: LY1B, LY1AE, LY1AB, LY1AG, LY1SV
  • 1935: LY1AF, LY1AD, LY1AI
  • 1936: LY1AL, LY1AN, LY1HB, LY1KK, LY1S, LY1VV
  • 1937: LY1AK, LY1AV, LY1AH, LY1AP, LY1AS, LY1AT, LY1AU, LY1AX, LY1AY, LY1AZ
  • 1938: LY1AE, LY1AJ, LY1AO, LY1AQ, LY1AW, LY1BA, LY1BB, LY1BC, LY1BD, LY1BE, LY1BF, LY1BG, LY1BK, LY1BL, LY1BM, LY1BN, LY1BO, LY1BR, LY1BT, LY1BV, LY1CV, LY1BX, LY1BQ, LY1BJ, LY1CA
birth of lrmd
Birth of LRMD
  • LY1AA and LY1Jactions
    • P.O. box No. 100 in Kaunas
    • LY addresses in Call Book Magazine
    • Proposalto establish LRM
  • First Meeting (Kaunas, March 4, 1933)
    • LY1AA, LY1AB, LY1AC, LY1AD, LY1E, LY1J, LY1S and LY1ZB
  • Lithuanian Short-Waves Radio Amateur Society (October 2, 1938)
slide11
1939
  • 60.000 amateurs in the world:
    • 45.000 in USA
    • 64 in LY
  • 35 morse code lessons from LY1J trx
  • English class (17 pers. audience)
  • Book “Radijo mėgėjas”: 3000 copies
  • 22.000 QSLs printed
  • 2.235 LT income, 1.830 LT expenses
cq lrm first contest
CQ LRM - First contest
  • 1939.02.12 06:00-24:00 phone
  • 1939.02.19 06:00-24:00 telegraphy
  • 10, 20, 40, 80 and 160 m.
  • Trophies for winners, awards for all
  • Results: phone: LY1J (54), LY1AT (44), LY1AP (44), LY1S (44). SWL: Ms. Balčiūtė (60), Mr.Stanėnas (59), Mr. Starevičius (52).
  • Results: CW: LY1S (34), LY1BX (34), LY1AI (30). SWL: LYR04, LYR09.
second lrm contest
Second LRM contest
  • 1940.02.11 06-24,
  • 40 and 80 m.
  • Telephony winners: LY1AP-432, LY1S-420, LY1AT-390. 25 participants.
  • Telegraphy winners: LY1BX-390, LY1J-264, LY1AT-228. 17 participants.
  • SWL telephony: V.Severinas-3336, (8 participants)
  • SWL CW: (3 participants) V.Zelenkevicius - 540.
slide14
1940
  • LRM regular traffics and bulletins:
    • Nr. 1: 1940.01.30
    • Nr. 2: 1940.04.19
  • 1940.01.07 LRM annual meeting
    • President: Petras Vanagaitis LY1J
    • Secretary: Simas Grina LY1AR
    • QSL manager LY1KK
  • Log books printed (packs of 200 pages)
  • Cold winter, but good DX conditions on March. LY1S made 70 QSOs with USA during 1940.03.06-07. 70% telephony S9 reported.
plans for 1940 41
Plans for 1940-41
  • Establish HQ - so far every other week in one Kaunas restaurant
  • More CW lessons (LY1AT radio)
  • Next book
  • Next contest
  • Consultation centre
  • Monthly QTC
  • Radio broadcasts every 2 weeks on 41m
  • LRMD pins production (started on 1940)
  • Special QSL stamps (LY1BG QSL manager)
  • Library for LRMD members
licensing in 1940
Licensing in 1940
  • In general the work of Lithuanian radio amateurs is subject to the laws issued by the government in 1939
  • The permit to keep a short wave transmitter is given to persons not younger than seventeen and who have passed the necessary examinations
  • During the first year the new radio amateur can work only at telegraph and later also at the telephone.
  • Only 50 watts first 2 years.
  • Exams on 1940.02.12. 27 invited, 9 participated, 6 passed.
beginning of ww ii
Beginning of WW II
  • The private radio transmitters was stoppedat 6 o’clock on the 17th September, 1939
  • 1939.10.28: LY1J and LY1S moved to Vilnius with army andestablished communication to Kaunas. They visited SP amateurs in Vilnius, but found only a few.
  • Transmission once more allowed from 1940.01.03, but communication between belligerent states in Europe was forbidden.
  • 1940 March: transmission forbidden in: OE, ON, XZ, VE, OK, OZ, OH, F, DL, G, EI, LX, PA, Z, LA, P, CT, YO, ZS, SM, HB.
  • ES: Stopped on 1939.10.17, allowed from 1939.11.03
slide18
IARU
  • Applied on 1939
  • Voted for LY: K, SU, VY, PA, ZL, YV, F, CT, G. No votes against.
  • Today no info about initiation.
  • Re-initiated on 1992.
survived ly hams
Survived LY hams
  • Almost everybody emigrated
  • LY1AP lives in USA
  • LY1VVS.K. on 2000.
  • LY1BX still active, honor member of LRMD.
wilenski klub krotkofalowcow tnx uy5xe
Wilenski Klub Krotkofalowcow(tnx UY5XE)
  • Date of foundation WKK - 29.12.1929(55 members: HAMs + SWLs). President - kpt. Roman Siekierski (SP3MR).
  • 11.05.1930 - president Dr. Adolf Kopec.
  • 15.05.1931 - WKK (27 HAMs) - one is 5 founders of PZK.
  • 06.11.1931 - president Dr. Adolf Kopec.
  • 11.06.1933 - president inz. T.Dabrowski.
nw qru 73

Nw QRU, 73!

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