Unit II- U.S. Foreign Policy History 1865- WWII. Chapter 21 Section 1 A Spark Ignites Europe. 10 th American History Unit II- U.S. Foreign Affairs Reading Quiz for Chapter 21 Sect. 1. 1. What was the spark that started WWI? 2. In WWI whose side was Russia on?
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Chapter 21 Section 1
A Spark Ignites Europe
1. What was the spark that started WWI?
2. In WWI whose side was Russia on?
3. In WWI whose side was France on?
4. England declared war on Germany attacked France through what country?
5. How did the United States feel about the War in Europe?
6. What problems were Americans having with international law and freedom of the seas?
7. How did Germany enforce its war zone around the British Isles?
8. What brought America into WWI?
Five Major factors often identified as causes of World War I (but not causes of U.S. entry)
Events or Economics
Possible causes of U.S. entry
British Propaganda and Pro-British sentiment
Munitions trade and loans to Great Britain
Sinking of the LusitaniaCauses of World War I
Poison gas attack, Flanders, Belgium
Oskar II- Peace ship
U.S. spoke English language.
U.S. Laws and customs based on English foundations.
All news from Europe came through British press. (England had cut the trans-Atlantic cable) British Propaganda-atrocity stories.
Kaiser Wilhelm had made many warlike (militaristic) statements.
Trade with England and Allies was enormous. $3 Billion
$2 billion in loans to Allies.
Millions in US favored Central powers due to ancestors who had been born in Austria, Germany or Hungary.
Irish Americans were glad to see anyone fight the British.
US had long been trading with the Germans. But that dropped by 1916 from $170 million to $1 million.Ties that bind
Blockade- Control the seas and starve Germany into submission
Contraband included all sorts of goods including food.
All neutral ships would be searched even those going to neutral countries. England would seize any ship bound for Germany.
North Sea was a military are and put mines down.
All in violation of international law.
British would pay for all goods seized after America protested.
1915- fleet of 27 subs disobeyed international law.
War zone- Germany declares this around the British Isles.
Unrestricted sub warfare.
Advised all neutrals not to travel there or on British ships.
Wilson insists under International law Americans had the right to sail on any ship. And Germany would be accountable for all American lives.
1915- Germany sinks Lusitania, then Arabic and Sussex passenger ships. After promising not to sink unarmed passenger ships without warning.The Problem of Neutral Rights