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Politics of Sustainable Development 5. The Dilemmas of Environmental Activism Phases of Environmental Activism awakening primarily local protests against pollution pre-1968 2. ”age of ecology” national organizational development 1969-1974

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politics of sustainable development

Politics of Sustainable Development

5. The Dilemmas of Environmental Activism

slide2

Phases of Environmental Activism

  • awakening primarily local protests against pollution
  • pre-1968
  • 2. ”age of ecology”national organizational development
  • 1969-1974
  • 3. politicizationsocial movements in relation to energy policy
  • 1975-1979
  • 4. differentiation professionalization and party politics
  • 1980-1986
  • 5. internationalizationglobal orientation – network and alliance-building
  • 1987-1993
  • 6. IntegrationAgenda 21, sustainable development
  • 1994-2000
awakening
Awakening
  • action group model of organization
  • local arenas, or sites
  • often ”direct action” form of protest
  • protests about air and water pollution
the age of ecology
The Age of Ecology
  • new activist organizations
  • national and transnational arenas
  • coordinated, planned manifestations
  • programmatic ambitions
politicization
Politicization
  • broad-based alliances
  • media central sites of debate
  • organized information campaigns
  • focus on energy production and use
differentiation
Differentiation
  • political parties, professional activism
  • parliamentary and government arenas
  • lobbying, expertise, research
  • wide range of issue areas
internationalization
Internationalization
  • transnational networks
  • key sites: intergovernmental meetings
  • link to socio-economic development
  • emphasis on global issues
integration
Integration
  • appropriation by other actors
  • market as important arena, or site
  • discursive politics: public relations
  • social and cultural dimensions
slide10

Conditions of participation

  • Contexts of mediation, meeting places
  • Bridge-builders, translators
  • Enlightened civil servants
  • Political support from above
  • Cultural acceptance from below
slide11

Regimes of Green Knowledge

Residual Dominant Emerging

Key sites local/national global hybrid networks

Forms ofpopular commercial exemplary

action resistance facilitation mobilization

Type of knowledgefactual/lay managerial situated

Tacit competencetraditional professional experiential

slide12

Elements of Green Knowledge

  • Network-based
  • Ad hoc project organization
  • Change, or policy-oriented
  • Hybrid, or eclectic identities
  • Transdisciplinary dissemination
  • Importance of ”tacit” forms of competence
  • Socially, or ethically informed