Phonetics. LI 2023 Nathalie F. Martin. Introduction: Spoken Language. Language can be spoken, written, manually signed, mechanically reproduced and synthesized by computer Spoken language is the main way humans express themselves Humans spoke before they wrote
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LI 2023 Nathalie F. Martin
(found within the larynx/lærɪŋks/)
(or vocal folds)
are within larynx)
(the velum is the soft area
Towards the rear of the roof
of the mouth)
- Phones & segments
the physical properties of
the sound waves we
produce when we speak
Linking sounds to symbols:
IPA Help, SIL International
Identifying articulatory features:
Interactive Sagittal Section, Daniel Hall, University of Toronto
* a bit confusing
That looks like beard and sounds like bird.
They rhyme with suite and straight and debt.
Look up these sounds on your chart, then try to produce them. Then note whether they are voided or voiceless.
(Contemporary Linguistic analysis: An Introduction – O’Grady et al., 2009)
[s], [z] & [l]
Spanish “r” = [r]
Pharynx: Area of the throat between the uvula and the larynx.
Sounds made through the modification of the air flow in the pharynx by retracting the tongue or constricting the pharynx
[ʃ], [ʒ] & [h]
/ʍɛn praɪd kʌmz dɪsgreɪs kʌmz
bʌt wɪθ ðə hʌmbl ɪz wɪzdʌm/
/prɒvɝbz əlɛvɪn tu/
Note: In French, we say /david/
Discourse and language education, Evelyn Marcussen Hatch (1992)
James Bond is sent to Jamaica to investigate the sudden disappearance of the island’s Governor and his assistant. When he arrives, 007 begins to suspect that the Governor’s absence is in some way linked to Dr No, the reclusive owner of a remote island which lies between Cuba and Jamaica.
The sound [pl]
Bank = [bæŋk]
Key = [k] (velar) + [i] (Front, high and tense)
Parade = [pəreɪd]