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The Jazz Age and the KKK Klan Resurgence > Timeline of Klan History founded during Reconstruction, collapsed in 1870s revived in 1915 (in part because of the movie Birth of a Nation ) resurgence of popularity in the 1920s, but collapsed again by the 1930s again reappears in the 1950s

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klan resurgence timeline of klan history
Klan Resurgence > Timeline of Klan History
  • founded during Reconstruction, collapsed in 1870s
  • revived in 1915 (in part because of the movie Birth of a Nation)
  • resurgence of popularity in the 1920s, but collapsed again by the 1930s
  • again reappears in the 1950s
klan resurgence key scenes in the birth of a nation
Klan Resurgence > Key Scenes in The Birth of a Nation
  • intertitles drawn from A History of the American People (1902) by then-president Woodrow Wilson
  • black legislators lolling in their chairs in the South Carolina legislature in the early 1870s
  • white children don white sheets and scare black children nearby, “inspiring” Klan outfits
  • Klansmen dump the body of the character Gus, an African American, who they had killed for causing a young white woman, Flora, to jump off a cliff
klan in the 1920s social movements supported by the klan
Klan in the 1920s > Social Movements Supported by the Klan
  • prohibition
  • anti-immigrant sentiments
  • anti-radicalism
  • religious fundamentalism
  • morality and family values
klan in the 1920s different historical explanations of the klan
Klan in the 1920s > Different Historical Explanations of the Klan
  • racist and nativist movement
  • populist movement
  • reform movement
  • reactionary movement
immigration act of 1924 the johnson reed act
Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act)
  • Based ceilings on the number of immigrants from any particular nation on 2 percent of each nationality recorded in the 1890 census
  • Was directed against immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe who arrived in large numbers after 1890
  • Barred all immigrants ineligible for citizenship on racial grounds, including all south and east Asians (including Indians, Japanese, and Chinese)
immigration act of 1924 annual immigration quotas
Immigration Act of 1924 > Annual Immigration Quotas
  • Germany - 51,227
  • Great Britain - 34,007
  • Ireland - 28,567
  • Italy - 3,845
  • Hungary - 473
  • Greece - 100
  • Egypt - 100
prosperity who prospered in the 1920s
Prosperity > Who Prospered in the 1920s?
  • 1200 mergers caused the disappearance of over 600 independent enterprises
  • top 0.1% of U.S. families in 1929 had combined income as large as bottom 42%
  • i. e. approx 24,000 families had combined income as large as 11.5 million poor and lower-class families
  • per capita income in the U.S. rose 9% between 1920-1929
  • per capita income for the top 24,000 families rose 75%
  • 80% of families had no savings
  • farmers did not prosper - 1/4 of all employment
  • less than 10% invested in the stock market
slide17
Prosperity > Bruce Barton, author of The Man Nobody Knows, here with Hollywood producer Cecil B. DeMille, 1920s
great migration social patterns
Great Migration > Social Patterns
  • from rural areas to cities
  • from the South to the North
  • Appalachian whites
  • Puerto Ricans
  • African Americans
great migration motives
Great Migration > Motives
  • immigration slows down because of WW I
  • more work because of WW I
  • more jobs for groups previously left out--women, rural migrants, racial minorities
  • racial segregation and violence in the South
  • sharecropping
  • natural disasters such as floods and boll weevil infestations
  • conscious choice on the part of migrants (many did not leave)
slide42

New Woman > Magazine illustrations: “Gibson Girls” by Charles Gibson--a beauty standard of the 1900s--and a flapper by John Held, Jr. from the 1920s

new woman john held jr it s all right santa you can come in my parents still believe in you
New Woman > John Held, Jr.: “It’s all right, Santa-- you can come in. My parents still believe in you.”
fundamentalism timeline
Fundamentalism > Timeline
  • Word coined at around 1910
  • Denotes religious groups that take the Bible literally
  • Popular and active in the 1920s
  • Then the movement retreats from politics until 1980s, in part because of the Scopes Trial