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Lesson 2 Grammar. A review of the tenses that you know. El Presente Progresivo. Estar + the present participle. Describes what is happen ing right now. Estar in the present tense. The present participle (el gerundio). Regular –ar verbs add –ando Bes ar —bes ando

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lesson 2 grammar

Lesson 2 Grammar

A review of the tenses that you know

el presente progresivo

El Presente Progresivo

Estar + the present participle.

Describes what is happening right now.

the present participle el gerundio
The present participle (el gerundio)
  • Regular –ar verbs add –ando
    • Besar—besando
  • Regular –er and –ir verbs add –iendo
    • Correr—corriendo
    • Escupir--escupiendo
  • Los Kings están jugando.
  • Shawn está manejando su RX8.
  • Yo estoy abrazando a mi hijo.
  • Tú estás subiendo la escalera.
the present perfect

The present perfect

Have ___________ed.

the present perfect in english
The Present Perfect in English
  • The verb have/has + past participle
  • Used to describe recent events:
    • I have (just) eaten a worm.
    • They’ve (just) hit me.
  • Also used to describe a completed event in the past without indicating when it happened.
    • I’ve climbed Mt. Everest. (Sometime)
    • We’ve never smoked.
regular past participles
Regular Past Participles
  • -AR verbs cut off the –ar and add –ado
    • Tirar—tirado
  • -ER verbs cut off the –er and add –ido
    • Comer—comido
  • -IR verbs cut off the –ir and add –ido
    • Dormir--dormido
  • Tucker hacorrido enfrente del carro.
    • Tucker hasrun in front of the car.
  • Hecaído.
    • I havefallen.
  • Los hombres hancomido la carne.
    • The men haveeaten the meat.
  • ¿Hasleído el libro?
    • Have you read the book?
the future tense

The Future Tense

What we are goingto do.

one way to express the future in spanish is to use the verb ir it is irregular so it looks weird
One way to express the future in Spanish is to use the verb Ir—It is irregular, so it looks weird.
to express the future use a form of the verb ir a an infinitive dictionary form of a verb
To express the future, use a form of the verb Ir + a + an infinitive (dictionary form of a verb).
  • (Yo) voya cortar el queso.
    • I’m goingto cut the cheese.
  • Ella vaa leer los documentos hoy.
    • She is goingto read the documents today.
  • (Nosotros) vamosa bailar la jula.
    • We are goingto dance the hula.