Bipolar Disorder. Astrid, Bradley, Colette, Jen, Kirstin, & Stephanie. What is Bipolar Disorder?. Bipolar Disorder. Manic-depression Brain disorder causing unusual shifts in mood, energy, & ability to function Differs from normal ups & downs everyone goes through Symptoms are severe
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Astrid, Bradley, Colette,
Jen, Kirstin, & Stephanie
“A manic episode is defined by a distinct period during which there is an abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive or irritable mood” (DSM-IV-TR, p357).
Depressed, sad, hopeless, discouraged , down in the dumps
Loss of interest or pleasure
Mania lasting 4 days
Unequivocal change in functioning uncharacteristic of the person when asymptomatic
Mood disturbance observable by others
Doesn’t impair social or occupational functioning
Doesn’t require hospitalization
Lasts at least 1 week with criteria for Mania & a Major Depressive Episode being met daily
Rapidly alternating moods with symptoms of a Manic & a Major Depressive Episode: Agitation, insomnia, appetite, dysregulation, psychotic features, suicidal thinking
Impairs social/occupational functioning
May require hospitalization
mania and depression
occur at the same time
Lifetime prevalence: 1%
From left: view of a normal brain; patient with bipolar disorder has enlarged ventricles; bright white spots of hyperintensity associated with bipolar illness.
Making Quick Decisions