The Northern Renaissance - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Samuel
the northern renaissance n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Northern Renaissance PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Northern Renaissance

play fullscreen
1 / 21
Download Presentation
The Northern Renaissance
278 Views
Download Presentation

The Northern Renaissance

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The Northern Renaissance The Spread of Humanism

  2. Printing Press (c. 1456) • Johann Gutenberg – spread of humanistic literature to rest of Europe. • By 1480, 380 printing presses in Europe (1000 by 1500)

  3. Christian Humanism • Attempted to find a balance between religious and secular concerns • Rejected the “otherworldliness” of the Middle Ages. • Emphasis on early church writings for answers to improve society.

  4. Christian Humanist Writers • Desiderius Erasmus (Erasmus of Rotterdam) (1466-1536) – In Praise of Folly; most famous intellectual of his times, criticized the church: “Erasmus lay the egg that Luther hatched”

  5. Christian Humanist Writers • Thomas More (1478-1536) – Utopia – creates ideal society on an island; but to achieve harmony and order people have to sacrifice individual rights

  6. Christian Humanist Writers • Jacques Lefevre d’Etables (1454-1536): leading French humanist; produced 5 versions of the Psalms that challenged a single authoritative Bible. • Francesco Ximenes de Cisneros (1436-1517): reformed Spanish clergy and church, Grand Inquisitor of the Spanish Inquisition

  7. Northern Renaissance Arts • Low Countries (Dutch Republic, Flanders and parts of Germany, etc) produced especially important artists. • Jan and Hubert Van Eyck • First successful use of oil painting • Worked mainly in Ghent, Belgium.

  8. Jan Van Eyck- Adoration of the Lamb

  9. Jan Van Eyck – Arnolfini Marriage

  10. Peter Brueghel (1520-1569) • Focused on lives of ordinary people. • Painted great landscapes • Also worked on religious subjects • Completed most of his work in Antwerp and Brussels

  11. Peter Brueghel – Peasant Wedding

  12. Peter Brueghel – The Tower of Babel

  13. Albrecht Durer (1471-1528) • German – foremost northern Renaissance artist • Famous for woodcuts and engravings. • Paintings include a number of self protraits

  14. Albrecht Durer – The Last Supper

  15. Hans Holbein the Younger (1497-1543) • Son of Gothic artist. • German painter who studied in Italy • Painted portraits of Erasmus, Thomas More, King Henry VIII, his wives, and Mary Tudor

  16. Hans Holbein – The Ambassadors

  17. Hans Holbein – Henry VIII

  18. Domenikos El Greco (1541-1614): painter: mannerism

  19. Vernacular Writers • France • Francois Rabelais’ (1494-1553) Gargantua and Pantagruel • Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592) Essays relativist in religion and morality

  20. Vernacular Writers • England • Edmund Spenser • Christopher Marlowe • William Shakespeare • Ben Jonson

  21. Vernacular Writers • Spain • Miguel de Cervantes • Felix Lope de Vega