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FUTURE SPECTRUM NEEDS SUPPORTING A DIGITAL TRANSITION (FROM A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE) ITU TELECOM WORLD 2009, GENEVA, SWITZERLAND . Date: 7 October 2009 Presented by: Dr. Sebiletso Mokone-Matabane, Chief Executive Officer. SENTECH TOWER JOHANNESBURG. OVERVIEW.

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Overview 1278468

FUTURE SPECTRUM NEEDS SUPPORTING A DIGITAL TRANSITION (FROM A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

ITU TELECOM WORLD 2009, GENEVA, SWITZERLAND

Date: 7 October 2009

Presented by: Dr. Sebiletso Mokone-Matabane, Chief Executive Officer

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Overview 1278468

SENTECH TOWER JOHANNESBURG A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Overview
OVERVIEW A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • SENTECH TOWER

  • WHO IS SENTECH?

  • SENTECH BROADCASTING SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION INFRASTRUCTURE

  • TERRESTIAL NETWORK: TRANSMITTING STATIONS

  • SATELLITE DISTRIBUTION

  • SENTECH’S TELEPORT

  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS

  • OTHER SERVICES

  • TRANSMISSION PLANNING

  • GIS PLANNING

  • MEASUREMENTS

  • SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION TRAINING

  • KEY PROJECTS

  • DIGITAL TERRESTRIAL TELEVISION (DTT)

  • DTT: SOUTH AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE

  • CHALLENGES FOR DIGITAL DIVIDEND TO BE USED FOR BROADCASTING SERVICE CHANNELS

  • DTT IMPLEMENTATION IN SOUTH AFRICA

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Who is sentech
WHO IS SENTECH? A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

SENTECH is:

A commercially run, 100% owned by the State of the South Africa, whose business is in electronic communications.

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Overview 1278468

  • Sentech Business: A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • Broadcasting Signal Distribution

  • Telecommunications

  • Other services

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Broadcasting signal distribution
BROADCASTING SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS

Television FM (Frequency Modulation)

SW (Short Wave) MW (Medium Wave)

Ku-Band Direct-to-Home Satellite C-Band Satellite

MMDS

BROADCAST BACKBONE

Satellite distribution (C-Band Point-to-Point)

Terrestrial Linking

Satellite Contribution

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Broacasting signal distribution cont
BROACASTING SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION cont. A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

VALUE ADDED SERVICES

Network splitting Paging, RDS,(Radio data services), VBI

(Vertical blanking interval)

Television Nicam Stereo FM Stereo

VIVID DTH PLATFORM

Free to air Future subscription services

SenCom

BUSINESS TV and BUSINESS RADIO

Sen TV Sen Radio

Sen Data Sen Educate

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Overview 1278468

BROADCASTING SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION INFRASTRUCTURE A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • Satellite Teleports (STP)

  • 15 Transmitter Control Centers (TCC)

  • Transmitter Stations

  • V Transmitters

  • FM Transmitters

  • Medium-Wave Transmitters

  • Short-wave Transmitter Station – 500Kw, 250Kw & 100Kw transmitters

  • C-band and Ku-band Satellite Uplink Facilities

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Overview 1278468

TERRESTRIAL NETWORK: TRANSMITTING STATIONS A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Satellite distribution
SATELLITE DISTRIBUTION A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Sentech s teleport
SENTECH’S TELEPORT A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Telecommunications
TELECOMMUNICATIONS A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • Voice - International Voice Traffic (in-bound and out-bound)

  • Data - VSAT

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Other services
OTHER SERVICES A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

SERVICES

Consulting Engineering

Project Management Training

Technical Auditing Spectrum Monitoring

Refurbishment Maintenance

HIGH SITE ACCOMMODATION (FACILITY RENTAL)

Mast Building

Site Road

Emergency Power

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Transmission planning
TRANSMISSION PLANNING A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • Technical regulatory assistance

  • Radio propagation planning

  • Regulatory / Technical data management

  • Geographical Information System Analyses

  • Site selection

  • In-flight and Terrestrial measurement

  • Desktop Publishing / Graphics

  • Geographical Information Systems

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Gis planning
GIS PLANNING A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Transmission planning1
TRANSMISSION PLANNING A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Measurements
MEASUREMENTS A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • Verify faultfinder and research

  • Horizontal Radiation Pattern (H.R.P)

  • Vertical Radiation Pattern (V.R.P)

  • Effective Radiation Power (E.R.P)

  • Correct tilt of transmitting antennae

  • Correct null tilt

  • Correct orientation of transmitting antennaes

  • Frequency compatibility

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Signal distribution training
SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION TRAINING A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • Sentech has conducted professional signal distribution and broadcast training in:

    • Namibia

    • Ghana

    • Nigeria

    • Botswana

    • Madagascar

    • As well as various Broadcasters in South Africa

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Digital terrestrial television dtt
DIGITAL TERRESTRIAL TELEVISION (DTT) A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • Upgrade analogue transmitters site to enable DTT transmission

  • Set Top Box integration

  • Spectrum utilization during dual illumination

  • Installing the multiplexers

  • Training

  • Regulatory policies

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Key projects
KEY PROJECTS A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • DTT: migration of analogue terrestrial television infrastructure to digital.

  • 2009 Confederations Cup and 2010 FIFA World Cup Soccer:

  • Sentech successfully provided backup satellite infrastructure (local feed) for the 2009 Confederations Cup.

  • On a commercial basis, Sentech successfully provided FIFA with the international feed and back-up linking from its teleport (STP).

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Overview 1278468

DIGITAL TERRESTRIAL TELEVISION (DTT) A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Overview 1278468

DIGITAL TERRESTRIAL TELEVISION (DTT) A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • The purpose of the project is to migrate all Sentech analogue TV services operating on VHF and UHF from a PAL-I protocol to an MPEG-4 digital TV platform.

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Dtt south african perspective
DTT: SOUTH AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • As far back as 2000 South Africa acknowledged that migration from analogue to digital terrestrial television is inevitable. Sentech conducted T-DAB transmission test in Pretoria and digital terrestrial television transmission in Johannesburg (Source: Notice of publication of Terrestrial Broadcasting Frequency Plan 2003, Government Gazette No.25786 of 28 November 2003, General Notice Number 3365).

  • The Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) followed the work of the ITU leading to the Regional Radio Conference (RRC) concerning the introduction of digital broadcasting (Source: Notice of publication of Final Terrestrial Broadcasting Frequency Plan, 2004, Government Gazette No. 28299 of 5 December 2005, General Notice Number 1513).

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Dtt south african perspective cont
DTT: SOUTH AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE cont. A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • South Africa participated in RRC-06 and is signatory to the Final Acts. The Government of the Republic of South Africa under the Department of Communications (DoC) established an industry Digital Migration Working Group (DMWG). The DMWG comprised of broadcasting signal distribution, broadcasters, consumer groups and set-top-boxes manufacturers.

  • The purpose of the industry migration working forum was among others to share ideas on how South Africa can migrate from analogue to digital, explore possible standards for transmission and set-top-boxes and to prepare a report for submission to the Minister of Communications in order to formulate a broadcasting digital migration policy.

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Dtt south african perspective cont1
DTT: SOUTH AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE cont. A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • The Digital Migration Working Group report was submitted to Minister of Communications in 2006. The Minister of Communications established an advisory council known as the Digital Dzonga (South). The purpose of the Digital Dzonga is to advise an oversee the implementation of the migration process. Sentech is represented in Digital Dzonga (South) Council and is the Chair of the Broadcast Infrastructure Working Group.

  • On 8 September 2008, the Minister of Communciations published Broadcasting Digital Migration Policy in Government Gazette No.31408.

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Overview 1278468

DTT: SOUTH AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE cont. A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • On 21st February 2007 the South African cabinet decided as follows:

    i. Digital TV signals will be switched on as of 1 November 2008 and the analogue TV signal switched off on 1 November 2011

    ii. Sufficient frequency spectrum must be retained for digital broadcasting migration.

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Dtt south african perspective cont2
DTT: SOUTH AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE cont. A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

ONE OF THE BENEFITS OF DTT:

  • Spectrum Efficiency

    • Spectrum a finite national resource

    • Digital makes far more efficient use of the available spectrum

    • Allows for expansion and new services

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Overview 1278468

DTT: SOUTH AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE cont. A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

DIGITAL

ANALOGUE

Reg 1 TV

Reg 2 TV

  • Analogue TV

  • 8 MHz Spectrum

  • One Service

  • New Frequency per site

  • Digital TV

  • 8 MHz Spectrum

  • 6 or more Services

  • Same frequency re-used in Single Frequency Networks

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Dtt south african perspective cont3
DTT: SOUTH AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE cont. A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

Opportunities of DTT for South Africa as a developmental State committed to the creation of an information society, the main aspects are: -

  • multiple channels with a broader array of programmes and services including more social economic and political programme content.

  • Public Interest services: e-government, e-health, e-medicine, e-learning, telecentres and community centres.

  • a greater programme choice for the viewer.

  • opportunity to develop the television industry.

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Challenges for digital dividend to be used for broadcasting service channels
CHALLENGES FOR DIGITAL DIVIDEND TO BE USED A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)FOR BROADCASTING SERVICE CHANNELS

  • An appropriate frequency spectrum plan that will show a systematic switch off of analogue broadcasting services. The spectrum from analogue switch off would then go towards the dividend.

  • There are currently broadcasting and non-broadcasting services operating in the spectrum 790 – 862.

  • The position of television broadcasters is that ICASA should not make further assignments to non-broadcasting services in this band 790 – 862.

  • However, the position of communication service providers in South Africa is that ICASA should migrate all broadcasting services from frequencies 790 – 862 so that the band can be used exclusive for telecommunications services.

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Overview 1278468

DTT IMPLEMENTATION IN SOUTH AFRICA A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

  • Sentech commenced the migration process from 1 April 2006.

  • Currently the project is in phase 4 providing population coverage of 33.3%. The objective is to achieve 63,3% population coverage by 31 March 2010. Subject to timeous finalisation of the DTT spectrum plan and policy implementation.

  • Sentech switched digital signals on 30 October 2008, two days before the deadline at the ITU, World Telecommunications Standardisation Assembly (WTSA).

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Dtt implementation in south africa cont
DTT IMPLEMENTATION IN SOUTH AFRICA cont. A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL


Thank you
THANK YOU A BROADCAST SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION PERSPECTIVE)

Chief Executive Officer: Dr. Sebiletso Mokone-Matabane

Tel: +27 11 691-7069

Fax: +27 11 691-7118

email: ceo@sentech.co.za

Sentech Limited

Private Bag X06

HONEYDEW

2040

REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA

DD/krs/CEO presentation to ITU Telecom World 2009 FINAL