MINNESOTA JUDICIAL BRANCH. EFFECTIVE RESPONSES TO SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN MINNESOTA COURTS. MARCH 21, 2007. HISTORY. LOCAL LEVEL RAMSEY COUNTY SUBSTANCE ABUSE INITIATIVE---1999 STEERING COMMITTEE FORMED KEY STAKEHOLDERS COUNTY ADMINISTRATION COUNTY ATTORNEY
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MARCH 21, 2007
RAMSEY COUNTY SUBSTANCE ABUSE
STEERING COMMITTEE FORMED
COUNTY PUBLIC DEFENDER
DIRECTORS OF: COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS, HUMAN SERVICES, PUBLIC HEALTH.
Began in 2001
Target population: Ramsey County Resident, non-violent offender, substance abuse problem, avoidance of out-of-home placement
Began in 2002
Target Population: Ramsey County resident, non-violent offender, substance abuse problem, felony level offenses (to include 5th/4th Degree drug offenses and other non-drug related case types)
Length of program: 12-24 months.
Began January, 2005
Target population: Ramsey County resident, charged by the City of St. Paul, three or more alcohol related driving offenses (Gross Misdemeanor), non-violent offender, substance abuse problem.
Length of program: 24 months
Began in 2005
Target Population: Ramsey County resident, Misdemeanor/Gross Misdemeanor charges, 3 or more law enforcement contacts in the last two years, diagnosis of SMI (serious mental illness).
Began in 2001
Target Population: Misdemeanor “livability” crimes including Underage Consumption cases.
“EFFECTIVE TRIAL COURTS ARE RESPONSIVE TO EMERGENT PUBLIC ISSUES SUCH AS DRUG ABUSE…A TRIAL COURT THAT MOVES DELIBERATELY IN RESPONSE TO EMERGENT ISSUES IS A STABILIZING FORCE IN SOCIETY AND ACTS CONSISTENTLY WITH ITS ROLE OF MAINTAINING THE RULE OF LAW”
BUREAU OF JUSTICE ASSISTANCE’S TRIAL COURT PERFORMANCE STANDARDS, 1997
NATIONAL RESOLUTIONS OF SUPPORT
THE NATIONAL DISTRICT ATTORNEYS ASSOCIATION
THE AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION
THE NATIONAL SHERIFFS ASSOCIATION
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CHIEFS OF POLICE
THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COUNTY ORGANIZATIONS
GOVERNORS HIGHWAY SAFETY ASSOCIAITON
MOTHERS AGAINST DRUNK DRIVING
29.9% of prisoners released in 1998 in 15 states were rearrested within six months and 68% were rearrested within three years.(Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2002)
95% relapse to substanceabuse in three years.
(Treatment Research Institute, 2002)
Treatment Research Institute, 2003
A National Phenomenon
What is a drug court?
A specialized court that processes cases involving drug-using offenders through utilization of comprehensive supervision, drug testing, treatment services and immediate sanctions and incentives.
Types of drug courts:
Treatment Research Findings:
Correct implementation of drug courts:
system working together for the benefit of both the public and the offender
“The body of literature on recidivism is now strong enough to conclude that completing a drug court program reduces the likelihood of further involvement in the criminal justice system.”
Vera: Fluellen & Trone, 2000
Graduation is Key
In addition to avoided criminal justice costs, Drug Courts result in:
DRUG COURTS - Success (cont’d)
“To put it bluntly, we know that drug courts outperform virtually all other strategies that have been attempted for [high risk] drug-involved offenders.”
Marlowe, DeMatteo, Festinger (2003)
“The re-conviction rate among a sample of almost 2,500 drug court participants in six sites across New York State was, on average, 29% lower over three years after the initial arrest than the comparison group.”
Rempel, et. al. 2003
U.S. GAO 2005 Evaluation Review:
REGARDING STRATEGIC PRIORITIES
PRIORITIES “IMPACT OF AOD ISSUES
1. CONDUCT BACKGROUND RESEARCH ON SPECIFIC
ISSUES CONCERNING AOD DEPENDENT PERSONS,
PARTICULARLY AOD OFFENDERS
2. CONDUCT AND INVENTORY OF CURRENT MULTI-
AGENCY, STATE-LEVEL AOD EFFORTS IN MINNESOTA
AS WELL AS IN OTHER STATES
SOLUTIONS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR
ADULT AND JUVENILE AOD OFFENDERS
OVERALL IMPACT OF AOD ACROSS ALL CASE TYPES
TASK FORCE ACCEPTED THAT ADDICTION IS A BRAIN DISEASE CHARACTERIZED BY COMPULSIVE, AT TIMES, UNCONTROLLABLE DRUG CRAVING, SEEKING AND USE THAT PERSIST EVEN IN THE FACE OF EXTREMELY NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES. FOR MANY PEOPLE, DRUG ADDICTION BECOMES CHRONIC, WITH RELAPSES POSSIBLE EVEN AFTER LONG PERIODS OF ABSTINENCE.
ALAN I. LESHNER, NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON DRUG ABUSE
CHIPS, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DWI OFFENDERS,
The Three C’s
COLLABORATION, COORDINATION, AND COOPERATION
1. OVERSEE AND ADVISE POLICY FORMULATION AND IMPLEMENTATION
A. DRUG COURT STANDARDS
B. DRUG COURT GRANT DISTRIBUTION PROCESS AND
C. MUTI-DISCIPLINARY AND STATE-WIDE TRAINING
D. KEY PERFORMANCE MEASURES FOR DRUG COURTS, EVALUATION,
MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (MIS)
E. OTHER DUTIES AS ASSIGNED BY JUDICIAL COUNCIL
INCLUDES FUNDING FOR ALL CRITICAL
JUSTICE PARTNERS FOR PROBLEM SOLVING
1. RE-RANK 1ST AND 2nd DEGREE
2. FUND THE JUDICIAL BRANCHES
INITIATIVE FOR THE EXPANSION
OF DRUG COURTS
The Honorable Joanne M. Smith
Judge of District Court
15 West Kellogg Boulevard, Suite 1530
St. Paul, Minnesota 55102