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An Overview of the U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) Jan Newton Applied Physics Laboratory University of Washington What is IOOS ?
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Applied Physics Laboratory
University of Washington
The Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) is a coordinated national and international network of observations and data transmission, data management and communications, and data analyses and modeling that systematically and efficiently acquires and disseminates data and information on past, present and future states of the oceans and U.S. coastal1 waters to the head of tide.
1 “coastal” includes the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone and territorial sea, Great Lakes, and semi-enclosed bodies of water and tidal wetlands connected to the coastal ocean
The U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) is developing as a “user-driven”, integrated system of observations and data telemetry, data management and communications (DMAC), and data analysis and modeling that routinely, reliably, and continuously provides data and information required to address seven societal goals:
(1) Improve predictions of climate changeand weather and their effects on coastal communities and the nation;
(2) Improve the safety and efficiency of maritime operations;
(3) More effectively mitigate the effects of natural hazards;
(4) Improve national and homeland security;
(5) Reduce public health risks;
(6) More effectively protect and restore healthy coastal ecosystems; and
(7) Enable the sustained use of ocean and coastal resources.
1. To promote the National Goals of:
- Assuring National Security
- Advancing Economic Development
- Protecting the Quality of Life
- Strengthening Science Education and Communication
through Improved Knowledge of the Ocean
2. And to Coordinate and Strengthen Oceanographic Efforts in Support of these Goals by:
- Identifying and Carrying out Partnerships among Federal Agencies, Academia, Industry, and Other Members of the Oceanographic Scientific Community in the Areas of Data, Resources, Education, and Communication
- Reporting Annually to Congress on the Program
The National Oceanographic Partnership Program (NOPP) was established by Legislation
Chair: Administrator, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Vice Chair: Secretary of the Navy
Vice Chair Director, National Science Foundation
Administrator National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Deputy Secretary Department of Energy
Administrator Environmental Protection Agency
Commandant United States Coast Guard
Director United States Geological Survey
Director Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Director Minerals Management Service
Director Office of Science and Technology Policy
Director Office of Management and Budget
NORLC-commissioned reports in 1998 & 1999 recommended establishment of a national capability for integrated and sustained ocean observations & prediction
In May 2000: (1) The NORLC directed the establishment of Ocean.US
(2) Formation of Ocean.US announced to Congress.
To manage the development of an Integrated and Sustained Ocean Observing System (IOOS) for research & operations in the following areas:
The Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) Regional Association for the Pacific NW
Of Networked Ocean
* Chartered Interim Steering Committee
Academia (UW, OSU, OHSU, WWU, PSU, UO, etc.)
NOAA (PMEL, NWFSC, AFSC, NOS HAZMAT, etc.)
US Coast Guard (primarily 13th District)
US EPA, USGS, US Army Corps of Engineers, US Navy
Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission
Washington and Oregon Sea Grant Programs
Washington State Ferries
Washington Depts of Ecology, Fish & Wildlife, Health, Natural Resources, etc.
Oregon Depts of Environmental Quality, Fish & Wildlife, Geology & Mineral Industries, Land Conservation & Development, etc.
National Estuarine Research Reserves (South Slough, Padilla Bay)
Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary
Puget Sound Water Quality Action Team
California Coastal Commission, etc.
Institute of Ocean Sciences, etc, Canada
NGOs (Surfrider Foundation, TNC, People for Puget Sound, etc.)
Regional Aquaria and Marine Science Centers
Marine Exchanges of Puget Sound and Columbia River
Northwest Marine Trades Association
Fisherman’s and Shellfish Grower’s Associations
West Coast Seafood Processors Association
The Boeing Company and other technology/data industry
WET Labs Inc., Seabird Inc., Biospherical, and other marine sensor industry
23-24 October 2003, Portland State University, Portland, OR
Interim Steering Committee
Users Advisory Group
Officers, NANOOS Executive Director, Standing Committee Chairs
Data/Information Management and
Modeling and Analysis Product Committee
Science and Research Committee
Education and Outreach Committee
Other NANOOS Priorities
Memorandum of AgreementTo Establish and Implement the Northwest Association of Networked Ocean Observing Systems
From NOAA/NANOOS analysis:
GOAL: To identify and prioritize user-driven data products and design the observational system that can be responsive to these needs.
In 3rd Planning Workshop, we gained input on:
* What are the specific, prioritized data products and who are the users who need these?
* Based on these prioritized products, what variables are needed?
* Given the priority variables identified, what are the system design priorities (location, measurement capabilities, phasing, etc.) for various technologies: Buoys; HF; Satellite infrastructure; Surveys; Other platforms; Models; Data output ?
Based on this and other input, a system design “vision document” will be drafted, compiling and synthesizing the information, and will be used for outreach and further refinement.
CORIE: Columbia River Estuary
South Slough Estuary, OR