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Briefing on the Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) and the Data Management and Communication System Steven Worley NCAR 19 August 2005 Objectives What is IOOS? What is DMAC? How might OHH participate?

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slide1
Briefing on the Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) and the Data Management and Communication System

Steven Worley

NCAR

19 August 2005

Objectives

  • What is IOOS?
  • What is DMAC?
  • How might OHH participate?
slide2

The Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS)Oceans & Coasts Component of the U.S. Integrated Earth Observation System (IEOS) & the International GEOSS

An Interagency Collaborationfor the Public Good

NOAA

Navy

NASA

NSF

USACE

USGS

MMS

EPA

USCG

DOE

http://www.ocean.us

ioos goals integration for broad benefit
IOOS GoalsIntegration for Broad Benefit
  • Detect and Predict Change
  • Mitigate effects of natural hazards
  • Improve safety and efficiency of marine ops
  • Improve national security
  • Reduce public health risks
  • Protect and restore marine ecosystems
  • Sustain marine resources

Society oriented goals

e g florida fish and wildlife research institute red tides off southwest florida aug 17
E.G. Florida Fish and Wildlife Research InstituteRed tides off southwest Florida, Aug. 17

Reported system effects:

  • Expanding area since last week
  • Benthic mortalities
  • Fish kills
  • Discolored water
  • Turtle mortalities
  • Human respiratory irritation

http://www.floridamarine.org/

e g florida fish and wildlife research institute red tides off southwest florida aug 175
E.G. Florida Fish and Wildlife Research InstituteRed tides off southwest Florida, Aug. 17

Actions:

  • Airplane over flights – not good weather – more flights needed
  • Ocean sampling cruise 10-12 August
e g florida fish and wildlife research institute red tides off southwest florida aug 176
E.G. Florida Fish and Wildlife Research InstituteRed tides off southwest Florida, Aug. 17

Observation and what ifs?

  • Respiratory irritation greater with westerly wind
  • What if Hi-res wind predictions were available?
  • What if satellite sensed data, not impacted by weather, was easily used?
  • What if real-time ocean circulation models were run to analyze and predict?
  • What if ocean models with T, O2, nutrients, red tide samples, were easy to run?

Contention:

We have the ability to do these estimates

IOOS strives to enable them and address the goals previously shown

the political environment
The Political Environment
  • Commission on Ocean Policy
    • Report
  • Executive Order
    • Ocean Action Plan
  • Legislation
    • Senate (S. 361 - recently passed)
    • House (H.R. 1489, 1584)
ioos two interdependent components
IOOSTwo Interdependent Components

Global Ocean

Component

Coastal Ocean

Component

Regional

Coastal Observing

Systems

National

Backbone

slide9

IOOS Coastal Ocean Component

  • National Backbone
  • Largely federal
  • Satellite remote sensing
  • Reference, fixed-site stations
  • Links to global component
  • Fewer variables
  • Regional Coastal Systems
  • Largely non-federal (may be
  • federally funded)
  • Regional priorities & needs
  • Greater resolution
  • More variables

Both use IOOS data standards and exchange protocols

slide10

The Global ComponentAn International Collaboration

IOOS is the U.S. contribution to international GOOSand the Oceans & Coasts component of IEOS & GEOSS

ioos three subsystems
IOOS Three Subsystems
  • Measurements
    • Remote and in situ observations
    • Telemetry
  • Data Management and Communications (DMAC)
    • Integration
  • Data analysis and modeling
    • Data synthesis, evaluation
    • Change detection and prediction
ioos education component
IOOS Education Component
  • Ocean.US Education Workshop, 22-24 March 2004, Charleston, SC
  • Result: Workshop Report
    • Promoting Lifelong Ocean Education: Using the Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) to Shape Tomorrow’s Earth Stewards and Science and Technology Work Force.
  • Muriel Cole Ocean.US liaison to OHH
  • Hear more at IOOS Human Health Workshop, January 2006
slide13

DMAC is the component that enables the diverse sources of data to be accessed in a consistent manner.

DMAC is composed of data standards, communications protocols, software tools, archiving and community agreements.

why so much focus on dmac
Why so much focus on DMAC?
  • DMAC is the “I” in IOOS

Why is DMAC the top priority?

  • The weak link in the chain
  • Huge payoff from investment
slide15

Data Supplier

Data User

Multi-beam

Geo-chemical

Satellite

DMAC Three Guiding Principles

Existing Protocol

DMAC

  • Do no harm
  • Expand access

Data Suppliers

  • Increase efficiency
slide16
The DMAC Plan is a framework for interoperability among independent, heterogeneous systems, large and small
  • Organizations will manage their data independently
  • Standards – enable interoperability
    • Data discovery and delivery to applications
  • New - “Web services” standards
    • communication between applications
    • E.g. Browsers that initiate Google searches
the heart of integration is standards example surface marine buoys
The heart of integration isStandardsExample:Surface Marine Buoys
  • “Work horse” for coastal and open ocean observations
  • International, National and Regional use
  • Surface , near-surface and subsurface observations
what simple standards buy you today
What “Simple Standards” buy you today…
  • Meeting present “standards”
    • A “ticket” onto GTS
    • Real-time provides utility for national forecasts & warnings operations
    • “Accepted” QA /QC
  • Immediate payoffs
    • Large user base
    • Improved local storm detection, intensity and track forecasts
    • Beach rip tide, boating safety and trip planning, & others
but today s standards are too narrow inefficiencies and lost opportunities
But today’s standards are too narrow. Inefficiencies and lost opportunities …
  • E.g. Delayed mode not standardized
    • Data not uniformly
      • archived
      • QCed
    • Data not uniformly available for
      • climate assessment
      • commercial applications
      • research (esp. interdisciplinary)
  • Commonalities are not exploited (e.g. a time series)
    • Variables: winds, waves, temperature, salinity, biota, chemicals, fish landings
    • Platforms: surface marine buoys, terrestrial stream gauges, tide gauges
    • Products: forecasts, satellite products, coral bleaching (paleo), El Nino index
ioos data management and communications subsystem

Ships

Hand Measurements

Satellites

Floats

Moorings

Primary DataAssembly & QC

RegionalData ManagementSystems

Products

InternationalData ManagementSystems

Users

Maps

Forecasts

Terrestrial and AtmosphericData ManagementSystems

On-line Browse

Archive Centers

Modeling

IOOS Data Management andCommunications Subsystem

Metadata, Data Discoveryand Data TransportStandards and Protocols

ioos data management and communications subsystem21

Ships

Hand Measurements

Satellites

Floats

IOOS Data Management andCommunications Subsystem

Primary DataAssembly & QC

Moorings

RegionalData ManagementSystems

Products

Users

InternationalData ManagementSystems

Maps

Forecasts

Terrestrial and AtmosphericData ManagementSystems

Metadata, Data Discoveryand Data TransportStandards and Protocols

On-line Browse

Archive Centers

Modeling

the dmac plan a community effort
The DMAC Plan – a community effort
  • Brought together
    • 6 Federal agencies
    • 6 Universities
    • 4 Regional/State agencies
    • 3 Private sector orgs.
  • Steering Committee,2 Outreach Teams,4 Expert Teams
    • Data Facilities Outreach
    • User Outreach
    • Data Discovery & Metadata
    • Data Transport
    • Data Archive & Access
    • Applications & Products
the dmac plan a community effort23
The DMAC Plan – a community effort
  • Four levels of review
    • Selected specialists
    • Public workshop
    • Two public reviews
  • 150 reviewers
    • 6 Federal Agencies
    • 22 Universities & Institutes
    • 13 Private Sector
    • 13 Regional/State agencies
    • 5 International
  • Presented at numerous meetings
    • ASLO
    • AGU
    • AMS
    • JCOMM, WMO
    • IODE
the dmac plan what does it contain
The DMAC Plan – What does it contain?
  • Articulates the vision, requirements,and technological approaches.
  • Recommends next steps, estimates costs and timeframes
  • A roadmap, not a specification. No attempt to map tasks to specific organizations
the dmac plan first order guidance
The DMAC Plan – first order guidance
  • COOS in RAs advise about IOOS NOW
  • DMAC Steering Committee designated initial guidance
  • Report standards and standards processes presently used to Ocean.US
  • Use FGDC (ISO 19115) metadata standards if starting out
    • Use community accepted standards otherwise
  • Create metadata in XML-schema with a style sheet
  • Gridded data – install server and provide access through OPeNDAP
  • Use RDBMS
    • OPeNDAP enabled
    • Enterprise GIS, OGC compliant
  • Data providers – ensure irreplaceable data are permanently archived
  • Archive Centers – structure archives to be accessible and DMAC compliant
  • Security – until IOOS has data and network security guidelines use those prescribed by like federal centers
  • Use NDBC services for mooring data
  • Many more, and will be updated, see http://www.ocean.us
next steps work on dmac plan recommendations
Next Steps: Work on DMAC Plan Recommendations
  • New DMAC-Steering Team
    • Formed in April 2005
    • Open, fair, balance representation
    • About 25 members
  • Objective: Minimally functioning DMAC framework – in the near-term
advancing the dmac plan working structure under the steering team
Advancing the DMAC PlanWorking Structure under the Steering Team

**Expert Teams:

Metadata & Discovery

Standards Process

Archive

Transport & Access

Caucuses:

Private Sector

International

Modeling

Working Groups:

IT Security

On-Line Browse

Systems Engineering

Status: All but two WGs have SOWs and ETs are being formed.

**Possible areas of OHH Participation

more on participation
More on participation

Expert Teams:

Metadata & Discovery

Standards Process

Archive

Transport & Access

How to participate

  • Contact, rosalind.e.cohen@noaa.gov
  • Fit into an ET
  • Review SOW, online soon
e g sow for the archive expert team
E.G. SOW for the Archive Expert Team

Statement of need brief,

  • Forge cooperation between multiple centers to insure:
    • Data flow integrity
    • Publish data for discovery and access
    • Stewardship and long-term curation
  • DMAC metadata and data transport methods are critical – cross communication with other ETs
  • Preserve data through life cycles of storage systems
sow for archive et continued
SOW for Archive ET, continued

Membership:

  • All US agencies with IOOS data responsibilities
  • International counterparts
  • Representative from National Archives (NARA)
    • Long term strategies and preservation policies
  • Members must have knowledge and have authority to advance ET goals at the organization level
  • Approx. 10 members
sow for archive et continued31
SOW for Archive ET, continued

Short term Tasks (2005-2006):

  • Review and refine DMAC Plan with report to DMAC ST
  • Define archive critical metadata – provide to Metadata ET
  • Assess, inventory, and report on IOOS relevant archives
    • Access status
    • Metadata status
    • Identify preservation weakness
    • Identify gaps in irreplaceable data archives
sow for archive et continued32
SOW for Archive ET, continued

Long term Tasks (2007-2008):

  • Demonstrate, test bed project, merging metadata from multiple ACs into DMAC data discovery portal
  • Use DMAC meta data standards and transport protocols for two-way data flow
    • Receipt and delivery of data
  • Establish comprehensive metrics – system wide
  • Composite data polices from all agencies
    • Participate with governing committees to form a IOOS data policy
  • Many other goals outlined in DMAC plan!
sow for archive et continued33
SOW for Archive ET, continued

Schedule:

  • Form, to extent possible the Archive ET, October 2005. Current members:
      • Bob Keeley (MEDS/Canada)
      • John Lever (Navy/CNMOC)
      • Landry Bernard (NOAA/NDBC)
      • Steven Worley (NCAR/NSF)
  • Validate membership before DMAC ST, Nov. 2005
  • Hold first AET meeting, early 2006
  • Use, web forums, email, and twice annual meetings to address Short Term tasks
slide34

Conclusions:

  • IOOS and DMAC have begun
    • Much growing to do
    • Must keep up with rapid developments at COOS and RAs
  • Fostering broad participation is the challenge
  • Technology is tracking the need well
  • Our success will be measured by how well we fulfill the societal needs
slide35

Questions?

http://www.ocean.us