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Dental Cavities: Causes and How to Prevent Cavities

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\nThe dental cavities are basically damaged teeth that have holes in them and can be of either yellow or black colour\n

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dental cavities causes and how to prevent cavities

Dental Cavities: Causes and How to Prevent Cavities

dental cavities
Dental Cavities
  • The dental cavities are basically damaged teeth that have holes in them and can be of either yellow or black colour
causes of dental cavities
Causes of Dental Cavities
  • Dental cavities area unit caused by the breakdown of foods like sugar and starch in our mouth by bacterium
  • This breakdown converts the food into plaque, that may be a sticky substance
  • Plaque attaches itself to the teeth and is usually found on the rear molars, edges of fillings and therefore the gum line

When plaque isn't faraway from the teeth thanks to irregular brushing, it gets regenerate into tartar or calculus

  • This causes the formation of periodontitis and disease and any causes the irritation of gums.

Within twenty minutes of ingestion plaque build- up starts and it will cause dental caries because the acids gift in it destroys the enamel

  • Cavities will grow terribly deep and might cause tooth fracture and have an effect on nerves

Chances of developing a tooth cavity increase by the increased intake of starches or carbohydrates and sugars.

  • Frequent snacking on sticky foods will increase the contact time of the teeth with acids.
symptoms of dental cavities
Symptoms of Dental Cavities
  • Symptoms don't occur once the cavity is simply superficial, that is, it's not deep enough to have an effect on the nerves or gums
  • But, in severe cases, the symptoms might occur and may be listed as follows-
  • Toothache
  • Sensitivity
  • Visible pits or holes within the teeth

A cavity initial seems within the variety of a chalky space on the teeth and so grows into a dent or hole

  • Routine dental checkups with the assistance of somebody Associate in Nursingd dental mirror should be performed to catch this disorder at an early stage before it causes any major problem
  • While a dental communicating can show cavities that ar visible to the attention, a dental x- ray can facilitate in discovering the cavities that ar virtually invisible
  • X- rays also are accustomed discover the presence of cavities in less visible areas and corners within the teeth.
prevention of dental cavities
Prevention of Dental Cavities
  • Oral hygiene - Proper brushing with toothpaste containing fluoride and flossing every day
  • Dietary modification - Intake frequency of sugars and carbohydrates should be reduced. Also, milk can cheese can cause tooth decay. Chewing gum with xylitol is helpful in the prevention.
  • Dental Sealants - These are thin plastic coatings that protect the chewing surface by acting as a barrier

Calcium - It is often recommended by dentists to chew on to prevent tooth decay

  • Vaccines are also being developed for the purpose of completely eliminating tooth decay

Treatment of a tooth cavity is necessary as it causes an immense amount of pain and the destroyed tooth never regenerates

  • Some of the treatment methods may involve the following-
    • Fillings
    • Crowns
    • Endodontic Therapy
t reatment for dental cavities
Treatment for Dental Cavities
  • Fillings
    • Composite resins, amalgams, porcelain and gold are used to fill the cavities to stop it from further growing in the early stages of the cavity
  • Crowns
    • These are also called caps and are used in extreme situations where there is almost no tooth structure left and it is extremely weak
  • Endodontic Therapy
    • Also called root canal, is done when the nerve in the tooth dies due to the decay or injury
    • The tooth is removed along with the blood vessels and the roots are filled with a sealing material
    • Then, the tooth is filled and is covered with a crown