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Migration, PRSPs and Human Development. Richard Black and Jon Sward Sussex Centre for Migration Research.

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migration prsps and human development
Migration, PRSPs and Human Development

Richard Black and Jon Sward

Sussex Centre for Migration Research

slide2
‘Too many papers are brought together for publication with the best of intentions that are not realized. ... African migration and national development are related and relevant; also their relations are complex and require more sophisticated treatment than they are given in this work ...’

R. Mansell Prothero

Review of African Migration and National Development, ed. B. Lindsay, 1985

slide3

A role for migration in national development?

‘sending countries must address their regulatory frameworks and ask whether their policies facilitate adjustment to increased mobility’

‘update information of the migration-development nexus in various countries

“experiences of emigration over the past 50 years”

what is changing
What is changing?

Emigration

Keyword hits

2nd PRSP treatment of migration - Africa

Internal migration

issues and obstacles in policy best practice
Issues and obstacles in policy ‘best practice’
  • Are PRSPs important?
  • Are these policies real?
  • Are policies pitched at the right level?
  • Can policy development be better linked to problem analysis?
  • Should diaspora groups be involved in policy development?
  • Are migration policies technical or political?
slide10

Why is migration difficult to include in debates about poverty?

Politically

sensitive

Migration

complex

multi stranded,

specific

1

2

3

4

Raises

dispersed

policy issues

debates poorly

developed

Evidence

absent

or unreliable

slide11

Good practice: Bangladesh

  • Projection plans of ‘feasible demand’ in target markets
  • Pre-departure training focused on occupational health and safety
  • Information dissemination on job opportunities
  • Measures to ensure access of women to migrant opportunities, including training, support and protection overseas
  • Support for returnee migrant associations
  • Regulation of the recruitment industry
  • Encouragement of savings
slide12

Good practice: Benin

  • Beninese Diaspora Organised for National Development
  • Conduct census of Beninese abroad
  • Create roster of Beninese professionals in the diaspora
  • Expand diplomatic and consular services
  • Create an environment in Benin conducive for investment
  • Monitor humanitarian and socio-community actions of Beninese abroad within Benin
  • Produce and show a documentary film on the actions of Beninese abroad