Bureau of Indian Affairs. Evolution of the BIA. Established 1824 (oldest agency in the USDI)
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Evolution of the BIA • Established 1824 (oldest agency in the USDI) • Mission: “To enhance the quality of life, to promote economic opportunity, and to carry out the responsibility to protect and improve the trust assets of American Indians, Indian tribes, and Alaska Natives."
What the BIA does… • Manages 66 million acres of land • 52.7 million acres are reservation land (jointly managed) • Liason between US Gov’t and 562 tribes • Provides educational services to 46,000 Indian children • Encourages economic development through tourism/recreation
Recreational opportunities • Hunting (~ 300,000 visitor days annually) • Fishing (~800,000 visitor days) • Museums & other attractions • Lodges, Hotels, Campgrounds • Casinos
Kee-Na-Ta Resort & Casino Warm Springs Reservation, Oregon
Skywalk, West Rim Grand Canyon, AZ Hualapai Indian Nation
Four agencies involved in water-based recreation • Tennessee Valley Authority • Bureau of Reclamation • Army Corps of Engineers • Sea Grant
Federal Water Project Recreation Act of 1965 Ordered reservoir-managing agencies to provide recreation. • Tennessee Valley Authority • Bureau of Reclamation • Army Corps of Engineers
Tennessee Valley Authority • A regional development agency that: • is the largest public power company in the United States, • manages the Tennessee River watershed, • fosters economic development in the Tennessee Valley Area.
Creation of TVA • Created in 1933
TVA Recreation Areas • Manages about 100 recreation areas, campgrounds, & boat launch sites in 49 dams & reservoirs http://www.tva.gov/sites/sites_ie2.htm
Recreation Areas Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area (formerly TVA – now FS) http://www.lbl.org/Home.html
TVA Recreation Areas • Ocoee River Gorge 1996 Olympic whitewater kayak course • Ocoee River whitewater rafting area - 200,000 visitors per year
USDI Bureau of Reclamation • Second largest producer of hydropower in the U. S. • Largest water supplier in US.
Establishment of BR National Reclamation Act of 1902 Authorized the Secretary of the Interior to develop hydropower and irrigation projects in 17 western states. Hoover Dam turbines
Recreation at BR sites • Manages 8 National Recreation Areas • Constructed over 600 reservoir sites • Manages 348 reservoirs (most permit recreation) • Recreation sites are frequently managed by other government agencies after construction • 90 Million visitors/year
Recreational Facilities • Visitor centers and guided tours at major dam facilities. Hoover Dam
Recreational Activities • Water-based recreation Waterskiing on Lake Mead, Nevada.
Black Canyon Dam, ID 1,100 acre reservoir
Altus Lake and Dam, OK Boating Fishing Hiking ATV use Interpretation
Army Corps of Engineers • Fifth largest electrical supplier in the US. • Largest hydropower supplier in the US. Lake Sonoma, CA.
Mission • Constructing and managing water control facilities. • Constructing military facilities for the U.S. Army. Military construction
Creation of USACE • Bunker Hill fortifications built in 1775 by first Chief Engineer. • Constructed West Point Military Academy in 1802. Managed it until 1866. Bunker Hill
Sonoma Lake, CA • Campgrounds Campground at Sonoma Lake, CA
Sonoma Lake, CA • Hiking trails Sonoma Lake trail system
Sonoma Lake, CA Views from trails.
Upper Mississippi River Manages 13 locks & dams in MN, WI, & IA Purposes: Navigation (commercial & recreational), flood control, wildlife management
Upper Mississippi River Lock control building
Upper Mississippi River Dredge boat “William A. Thompson” and relocation of dredged materials
Upper Mississippi River Guttenberg waterfowl ponds at Lock 10 (Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge, IA)
Upper Mississippi River Forest management in 28,000 acres of shoreline.
National Sea Grant College Program Mission: • Conduct coastal research • Educate public about coastal issues SG is NOT a land manager NOAA Research Vessel
National Sea Grant CollegeProgram Act of 1966 • Established a Sea Grant program in each coastal state. • National administration by NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) • State administration at state’s land grant college.