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Bureau of Indian Affairs. Evolution of the BIA. Established 1824 (oldest agency in the USDI)

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evolution of the bia
Evolution of the BIA
  • Established 1824 (oldest agency in the USDI)
  • Mission: “To enhance the quality of life, to promote economic opportunity, and to carry out the responsibility to protect and improve the trust assets of American Indians, Indian tribes, and Alaska Natives."
what the bia does
What the BIA does…
  • Manages 66 million acres of land
  • 52.7 million acres are reservation land (jointly managed)
  • Liason between US Gov’t and 562 tribes
  • Provides educational services to 46,000 Indian children
  • Encourages economic development through tourism/recreation
recreational opportunities
Recreational opportunities
  • Hunting (~ 300,000 visitor days annually)
  • Fishing (~800,000 visitor days)
  • Museums & other attractions
  • Lodges, Hotels, Campgrounds
  • Casinos

Kee-Na-Ta Resort & Casino

Warm Springs Reservation, Oregon

four agencies involved in water based recreation
Four agencies involved in water-based recreation
  • Tennessee Valley Authority
  • Bureau of Reclamation
  • Army Corps of Engineers
  • Sea Grant
federal water project recreation act of 1965
Federal Water Project Recreation Act of 1965

Ordered reservoir-managing agencies to provide recreation.

  • Tennessee Valley Authority
  • Bureau of Reclamation
  • Army Corps of Engineers
tennessee valley authority
Tennessee Valley Authority
  • A regional development agency that:
    • is the largest public power company in the United States,
    • manages the Tennessee River watershed,
    • fosters economic development in the Tennessee Valley Area.
creation of tva
Creation of TVA
  • Created in 1933
tva recreation areas
TVA Recreation Areas
  • Manages about 100 recreation areas, campgrounds, & boat launch sites in 49 dams & reservoirs


recreation areas
Recreation Areas

Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area (formerly TVA – now FS)


tva recreation areas18
TVA Recreation Areas
  • Ocoee River Gorge 1996 Olympic whitewater kayak course
  • Ocoee River whitewater rafting area - 200,000 visitors per year
usdi bureau of reclamation
USDI Bureau of Reclamation
  • Second largest producer of hydropower in the U. S.
  • Largest water supplier in US.
establishment of br
Establishment of BR

National Reclamation Act of 1902

Authorized the Secretary of the Interior to develop hydropower and irrigation projects in 17 western states.

Hoover Dam turbines

recreation at br sites
Recreation at BR sites
  • Manages 8 National Recreation Areas
  • Constructed over 600 reservoir sites
  • Manages 348 reservoirs (most permit recreation)
  • Recreation sites are frequently managed by other government agencies after construction
  • 90 Million visitors/year
recreational facilities
Recreational Facilities
  • Visitor centers and guided tours at major dam facilities.

Hoover Dam

recreational activities
Recreational Activities
  • Water-based recreation

Waterskiing on Lake Mead, Nevada.


Black Canyon Dam, ID

1,100 acre reservoir

altus lake and dam ok
Altus Lake and Dam, OK




ATV use


army corps of engineers
Army Corps of Engineers
  • Fifth largest electrical supplier in the US.
  • Largest hydropower supplier in the US.

Lake Sonoma, CA.

  • Constructing and managing water control facilities.
  • Constructing military facilities for the U.S. Army.

Military construction

creation of usace
Creation of USACE
  • Bunker Hill fortifications built in 1775 by first Chief Engineer.
  • Constructed West Point Military Academy in 1802. Managed it until 1866.

Bunker Hill

sonoma lake ca39
Sonoma Lake, CA
  • Campgrounds

Campground at Sonoma Lake, CA

sonoma lake ca40
Sonoma Lake, CA
  • Hiking trails

Sonoma Lake trail system

sonoma lake ca41
Sonoma Lake, CA

Views from trails.

upper mississippi river
Upper Mississippi River

Manages 13 locks & dams in MN, WI, & IA

Purposes: Navigation (commercial & recreational), flood control, wildlife management

upper mississippi river44
Upper Mississippi River

Lock control building

upper mississippi river45
Upper Mississippi River

Dredge boat “William A. Thompson” and relocation of dredged materials

upper mississippi river46
Upper Mississippi River

Guttenberg waterfowl ponds at Lock 10

(Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge, IA)

upper mississippi river47
Upper Mississippi River

Forest management in 28,000 acres of shoreline.

national sea grant college program
National Sea Grant College Program


  • Conduct coastal research
  • Educate public about coastal issues

SG is NOT a land manager

NOAA Research Vessel

national sea grant college program act of 1966
National Sea Grant CollegeProgram Act of 1966
  • Established a Sea Grant program in each coastal state.
  • National administration by NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
  • State administration at state’s land grant college.
ny sea grant
Great Lakes District






Marine District


Stony Brook



NY Sea Grant
  • Recreation & tourism
  • Coastal businesses & facilities
  • Fisheries
  • Coastal erosion
  • Exotic species
  • Coastal habitat protection
  • Seafood safety
coast watch program
Coast Watch Program

Great Lakes surface temperature monitoring program

recreation tourism program
Recreation & Tourism Program
  • Conduct tourism and recreation-related research.
  • Communicate research results to the public.
  • Facilitate tourism planning and development efforts.
recent recreation related efforts
Recent Recreation-related Efforts
  • Birdwatching
  • Charter boat business
  • B&B business
  • Monitoring recreation trends
  • Sportfishing motivations