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Breast augmentation surgery has increased nearly 64 percent since 2000. Girls younger than 18 who got breast implants nearly tripled between 2002 and 2003. Stephanie Kuleba. Under Aged and Under the Knife: Teenage Plastic Surgery. By Kenzie Hruby.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Breast augmentation surgery has increased nearly 64 percent since 2000.

  • Girls younger than 18 who got breast implants nearly tripled between 2002 and 2003.

Stephanie Kuleba

under aged and under the knife teenage plastic surgery

Under Aged and Under the Knife:Teenage Plastic Surgery

By Kenzie Hruby

http://writelysew.files.wordpress.com/2008/04/about-weight-loss-surgery-ga-1.jpg

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Cosmetic vs. Reconstructive Surgery

  • Cosmetic Surgery
    • Principle purpose is to improve the appearance
    • To improve self-esteem
  • Reconstructive
    • Performed on abnormal structures of the body
    • To improve function, but may also be done to approximate a normal appearance.

http://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/1458/PreviewComp/SuperStock_1458-1042.jpg

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Plastic Surgery and Teenagers

  • FDA guidelines suggest waiting until 22 years of age
  • For most surgeons, 16 or 17 is not an unreasonable age for many procedures, but each decision must be approached on a patient-by-patient basis

http://elevateroanoke.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/08/plastic-surgery.jpg

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Rhinoplasty

  • Makes up more than 50% of teenage plastic surgeries.
  • To straighten the bridge, remove a hump, reshape the tip or open breathing passages.
  • Generally not performed until 16 years old.

http://www.artsjournal.com/bookdaddy/Home_Photo_books.jpg

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But is that old enough?

        • Composed of bones of the nose, upper lateral cartilage, and lower cartilage
  • Growth of the nasal bone is completed around 14 or 15 for girls, a bit later for boys
  • New studies showed that anteroposteriorgrowthcontinues in both males and females after skeletal growth is complete
  • Hyaline cartilage continues to grow, even after surgery

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/images/ency/fullsize/10172.jpg

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Breast Augmentation

  • Breast development can continue into the late teens and early twenties.
  • Breast augmentation has a very high complication rate
  • Based on the implant makers own studies, the FDA concluded that about 40% of augmentation patients have at least one serious complication within three years after getting their saline implants.

http://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/1672/PreviewComp/SuperStock_1672R-8505.jpg

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Breasts are tear-shaped glands that cover a woman's pectoral muscles and are suspended over the rib cage, held in place by supporting ligaments and muscles

  • Types of implants:
    • Subglandular: directly behind the mammary gland and in front of the muscle
    • Subpectoral: under the pectoralis major muscle. Because of the structure of this muscle, the implant is only partially covered.
    • Submuscular: placement puts the implant behind the chest muscle wall.

http://www.bustwithattitude.com/breast-anatomy.jpg

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Bibliography

(2008, March 26). Teen buried after failed breast surgery. Retrieved November 19, 2008, from Pajamadeen Web site: http:/www.pajamadeen.com/ health/kuebla

Hirsch, Larissa (2006). Plastic surgery. Retrieved November 19, 2008, from Teen Health Web site: http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/body_image/plastic_surgery.html

Ullrich, D (2005, October 26). Plastic surgery has many faces. Retrieved October 28, 2008, from Health Link Web site: http:// healthlink.mcw.edu/article/1031002557.html

Wansbrough, J.B> (2007). Teen plastic surgery. Retrieved October 28, 2008, from FazeMagazine Web site: http://www.fazeteen.com/fall2003 cosmeticsurgery.htm

http://www.artsjournal.com/bookdaddy/Home_Photo_books.jpg