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Understanding Alcohol Driver Education

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Understanding Alcohol Driver Education Alcohol Use Patterns No Teen Data Average number of servings per month by age Abstainers Infrequent drinkers Light drinkers - Do not drink or drink less often than once a year

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Understanding Alcohol

Driver Education

alcohol use patterns no teen data
Alcohol Use Patterns No Teen Data

Average number of servings per month by age

criteria for drinking classifications

Infrequent drinkers

Light drinkers

- Do not drink or drink less often than once a year

- Drink once a month at most and drink small amounts per typical drinking occasion

- Drink once a month at most and drink medium amounts per typical drinking occasion, or drink no more than three to four times a month

Criteria for Drinking Classifications
criteria for drinking classifications4
Moderate drinkers

Moderate/heavy drinkers

Heavy drinkers

- Drink at least once a week and medium amounts per typical drinking occasion

- Drink at least once a week and medium amounts per typical drinking occasion or three to four times a month and large amounts per typical drinking occasion

- Drink at least once a week and large amounts per typical drinking occasion

Criteria for Drinking Classifications
alcohol use patterns
Alcohol Use Patterns

Moderate drinking redefined (NIAAA)

  • No more than two drinks each day for most men and one drink each day for women

Binge drinking

  • Refers to the consumption of five drinks in a row, at least once during the previous two-week period
alcohol use patterns6
Alcohol Use Patterns
  • Individuals who should NOT consume Alcohol:
    • Drivers
    • Pregnant women
    • Recovering Alcoholics
    • Medical Conditions or Taking Medication
    • Under 21 years of age
what does alcohol do
What does alcohol do?
  • Judgment
  • Inhibition
  • Coordination
  • Depth perception
  • Reaction/movement time
nature of alcoholic beverages
Nature of Alcoholic Beverages

Ethanol Alcohol or Ethanol


  • A chemical process whereby plant products are converted into alcohol by the action of yeast cells on carbohydrate materials


  • A number that is twice the percentage of alcohol by volume in a beverage (ex) 100 proof = 50% pure alcohol
nature of alcoholic beverages9
Nature of Alcoholic Beverages
  • Nutritional Value
    • Calories
    • Simple Carbohydrates
    • No vitamins, minerals, fat or protein
    • 7 calories per gram
  • Proof= twice the %alcohol (100 proof is 50% alcohol)
a drink is a drink is a drink
A Drink is a Drink is a Drink
  • Beer: 12 oz * 5% alcohol = 0.60 oz
  • Wine: 5 oz * 12% alcohol = 0.60 oz
  • Gin: 1.25 oz * 50% alcohol = 0.625 0z
  • Others: read the label and do the math.
  • Wine Coolers: 12 oz * (4 to 10 %) = 0.48 to 1.2 oz. Can be two drinks.
  • Others: average 7%
factors that influence the absorption of alcohol
Factors that influence the Absorption of Alcohol
  • Strength of the beverage
  • Number of drinks consumed
  • Speed of consumption
  • Presence of food
  • Body Mass/ Lean Tissue
  • Body chemistry
party guidelines
Party Guidelines
  • Beverage vs. drug
  • Know what you are drinking/Mix your own.
  • One drink per hour
  • Water or soft drink between
  • Solid food with the drinks
  • Drinking is no game, don’t play!
blood alcohol concentration
Blood Alcohol Concentration


  • The percentage of alcohol in a measured quantity of blood; BAC can be determined directly through the analysis of a blood sample or indirectly, through the analysis of exhaled air

Acute alcohol intoxication

  • A potentially fatal elevation of the BAC, often resulting from heavy, rapid consumption of alcohol

Sobering up – Oxidation (Liver) over Time

alcohol related health problems
Alcohol-Related Health Problems
  • Accidents – 17 States Legal BAC = 0.08%
    • Other States Legal BAC = 0.10%
  • Social problems
    • Fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effects (Placenta)
    • Crime and violence
    • Suicide
hosting a party responsibly
Hosting a Party Responsibly
  • Provide other social activities as a primary focus when alcohol is served
  • Respect an individual’s decision about alcohol if that decision is either to abstain or to drink responsibly
  • Recognize the decision not to drink and the respect it warrants by providing equally attractive and accessible nonalcoholic drinks when alcohol is served
hosting a party responsibly17
Hosting a Party Responsibly
  • Recognize that drunkenness is neither healthy nor safe— one should not excuse otherwise unacceptable behavior solely because the individual had “too much to drink”
  • Provide food when alcohol is served
  • Serve diluted drinks, and do not urge that glasses be constantly full
  • Keep the cocktail hour before dinner to a reasonable time and consumption limit
hosting a party responsibly18
Hosting a Party Responsibly
  • Recognize your responsibility for the health, safety, and pleasure of both the drinker and the nondrinker by avoiding intoxication and by helping others do the same
  • Make contingency plans for intoxication
  • Serve or use alcohol only in environments conducive to pleasant and relaxing behavior
organizations that support responsible drinking
Organizations That SupportResponsible Drinking
  • Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)
  • Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD)
  • Boost Alcohol Consciousness Concerning the Health of University Students (BACCHUS)
  • Greeks Advocating Mature Management of Alcohol (GAMMA)
problem drinking and alcoholism
Problem Drinking and Alcoholism
  • Problem drinking
  • Alcoholism
  • Codependence
  • Denial and enabling
  • Alcoholism and the family
  • Helping the alcoholic: Rehabilitation and recovery
current alcohol concerns
Current Alcohol Concerns
  • Adult children of alcoholic parents
  • Women and alcohol
  • Alcohol advertising