What has caused the world to flatten? • Globalization 1 (1492-1800) • Globalization 2 (1800-2000) • Globalization 3 (2000 to Present)
Ten Forces Contributing to Flattening of the World • The Berlin Wall Fell – 11/9/89 • Netscape Went Public – 8/9/95 • Work Flow Software – late 1900s • Open-Sourcing • Outsourcing – Y2K • Offshoring • Supply-Chaining • Insourcing • Informing • The Steriods
The Triple Convergence • Convergence I • Convergence II • Convergence III Globe model with China at the center
America and Free Trade and The Untouchables • Workers Who Are Special • Workers Who Are Specialized • Workers Who Are Anchored • Workers Who Are Really Adaptable
The Quiet Crisis and The Message • Dirty Little Secrets • American Leadership • Emerging Third World Countries
San Jose City College and the Flattening World • How flat are we? • How flat should we be? • What should we be doing to address this issue? *Individually *As a College
World Flattening Forces • Global transformation from a manufacturing economy concentrated in a few countries, to a knowledge economy which, empowered by information technology and the internet. • Knowledge travels even more effortlessly than money. • Upward mobility, available to everyone through easily acquired formal education
Ignorance is NOT a Bliss • The NASULGC report noted that while foreign language study rose slightly in the 1990s, “the percentage of four-year institutions that have language-degree requirements” has dropped by nearly 30 points since the mid-1960s. • http://www.virginia.edu/insideuva/2006/03/globalization.html
Importing Minds • America used to make up for the shortages of talents by importing them, but in a flat world, where people can now stay home and compete with us, and in a post-9/11 world, where we are insanely keeping out many of the first-round intellectual draft choices in the world for exaggerated security reasons, we can no longer cover the gap. That's a key reason companies are looking abroad. • Education Gap
American high-school education is ''obsolete,'' Bill Gates • Here is the dirty little secret that no C.E.O. wants to tell you: they are not just outsourcing to save on salary. They are doing it because they can often get better-skilled and more productive people than their American workers. • China graduates twice as many students with bachelor's degrees as the U.S. • America is falling behind
National Association of State Universities and Colleges • Internationalization is not the latest academic fad, nor is it a simple add-on to existing practice. It is deemed essential for schools’ survival in the years ahead.
Cultural Differences • Shifting political realities and the ever-present threat of terrorism call for increased understanding of and sensitivity to cultural differences.
Broader Implications • Higher education should become less of an elite enterprise; a much larger fraction of the world population will need higher education. Furthermore, “mass” higher education with lower standards of quality will not work. • Everybody will not need or achieve a graduate education, but many more people must be educated to a higher standard than previously required. • Achieving this goal will require both more effective education of disadvantaged groups and social policies to enable them to pay the costs of higher learning.
Implications • People are likely to obtain higher education throughout life, both as an economic necessity and as “consumer good.” Many young are likely to make the transition from adolescence to adulthood in “brick and mortar” colleges and universities, but this will not be the end of their higher education.
Technology • The “means of production” in higher education and the providers of higher education will continue to become more diverse. More and more we are likely to employ technology to reduce costs and increase effectiveness, new providers will spring up to serve emerging markets, and established providers will diversify their services. • http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/51/37/37145728.pdf
Many nations have surpassed the U.S. in educational attainment for young people under the age of 35.
Reality • To maintain their standard of living, the people of the United States must be among the best educated workers in the world.
Our Responsibility • As educators, we must have faith in and respect for our students. • We must motivate our students to pursue higher education. • We must encourage social responsibility. • We must teach respect for our world, our planet
Credits • The World is Flat: Implications for Higher Education Planners and Leaders1 Paul E. Lingenfelter President, State Higher Education Executive Officers- May 29, 2006
The Yes Men • A must see documentary on the dysfunctional and dangerous World Trade Organization (WTO) • http://www.theyesmenmovie.com/intro.html