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The .doc is out: The Open Document Format and its prospects. John David Stone Department of Computer Science Grinnell College [email protected] File formats. Microsoft Office 2003. Microsoft Office 2007. .doc .xls .ppt . .docx .xlsx .pptx . File formats. Microsoft

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
The .doc is out:

The Open Document Format

and its prospects

John David Stone

Department of Computer Science

Grinnell College

[email protected]

slide2
File formats

Microsoft

Office 2003

Microsoft

Office 2007

.doc

.xls

.ppt

...

.docx

.xlsx

.pptx

...

slide3
File formats

Microsoft

Office 2003

Open Document

Format

.doc

.xls

.ppt

...

.odt

.ods

.odp

...

slide4
ODF file formats are based on XML

(Extensible Markup Language)

.odt

.ods

.odp

XML (general scheme)

slide5
XML (Extensible Markup Language)

56

beginning tag

ending tag

datum

slide6
XML (Extensible Markup Language)

as applied in the ODF spreadsheet format

office:value-type=”date”

office:date-value=”2008-03-06”>

3/6/2008

slide7
XML (Extensible Markup Language)

as applied in the ODF spreadsheet format

office:value-type=”date”

office:date-value=”2008-03-06”>

3/6/2008

ISO standard

date format

what the user typed

slide8
ZIP file compression

content and XML tags and attributes

+ file containing style information

+ file containing metadata

+ ... + ... + ...

compressed archive file

slide9
ODF element for one spreadsheet cell

office:value-type=”date”

office:date-value=”2008-03-06”>

3/6/2008

Microsoft Excel 2007 element – same content

39524

slide10
ODF configuration parameter element

config:type=”boolean”>

false

slide11
ODF structured text element

This passage contains an italicized

phrase in context.

This passage contains

an italicized phrase

in context.

slide12
Microsoft Word 2007 text element

This passage contains

an italicized phrase

in context.

slide14
The practical arguments for ODF

* stability

* portability

slide15
The practical arguments for ODF

* stability

* portability

* freedom

slide16
ODF standardization timetable

1999: initial project proposal (StarDivision)

October 2000: first release of source code

May 2002: first full implementation of an ODF-based

word processor

December 2002: first published draft of the ODF standard

December 2004: second public discussion draft

February 2005: third public discussion draft

May 2005: OASIS certification

September 2005: submitted to ISO

May 2006: ISO certification

slide17
ODF adoption

September 2005: Massachusetts (public records)

late 2005: UK (schools)

March 2006: Australia (National Archives)

June 2006: Belgium

January 2007: Finland (Ministry of Justice)

February 2007: Germany (Federal Foreign Office)

August 2007: Malaysia

September 2007: Argentina

September 2007: Croatia

October 2007: South Africa

December 2007: Netherlands

December 2007: Norway

slide18
MSOOXML standardization timetable

December 15, 2005: Microsoft begins work on a formal

standard for Office

November 17, 2006: proposed standard submitted to Ecma

December 7, 2006: endorsed by Ecma

December 7, 2006: submitted to ISO

December 16, 2006: first published draft of the

MSOOXML proposal

September 17, 2007: initial ISO ballot fails

January 14, 2008: “Disposition of Comments” sent to

ISO members

February 25-29, 2008: ISO ballot resolution meeting

March 1-29, 2008: national bodies can change their

initial-ballot votes

slide19
ISO initial ballot on MSOOXML

(participating members only)

Yes (w/ comments)

Germany

Kenya

Malta

Singapore

Switzerland

Turkey

United States

Uruguay

Venezuela

Yes

Azerbaijan

Côte-d'Ivoire

Cyprus

Jamaica

Kazakhstan

Lebanon

Pakistan

Saudia Arabia

No (w/ comments)

Canada

China

Czech Republic

Denmark

Ecuador

France

India

Iran

Ireland

Japan

Korea

New Zealand

Norway

South Africa

United Kingdom

Abstaining

Australia

Belgium

Finland

Italy

Malaysia

Netherlands

Slovenia

Spain

Trinidad and

Tobago

slide20
The practical arguments for ODF

* stability

* portability

* freedom

slide21
The practical argument for

the Microsoft Office 2007 formats

* inertia

slide22
The practical argument for

the Microsoft Office 2007 formats

* inertia (?)

slide23
ODF at Grinnell College

* The Instructional Support Committee is

considering whether and how to adopt

and support ODF.

* MathLAN users have saved about 1600

ODF documents in /home.

slide24
Recommended reading

Macnaughton, Edward. “Technical distinctions of ODF and

OOXML: a consultation document.”

ftp://officeboxsystems.com/odfa_ukag/

ODFA%20UKAG%20Technical%20White%20Paper.pdf

OpenDocument Format Alliance. ODF annual report 2007.

http://www.odfalliance.org/resources/AnnualReport2007.pdf

Weir, Rob. “The art of being mugged.”

An antic disposition, March 2, 2008.

http://www.robweir.com/blog/2008/03/art-of-being-mugged.html

slide25
This work is licensed under the

Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 3.0 United States License.

To view a copy of this license, visit

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/

or send a letter to

Creative Commons

543 Howard Street

5th Floor

San Francisco, California 94305

USA

slide26
These slides are available on the World Wide Web at

http://www.cs.grinnell.edu/~stone/essays/open-document-format/open-document-format.odp

The essay that they accompany is also available, at

http://www.cs.grinnell.edu/~stone/essays/open-document-format/open-document-format.odt

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