Priests Understanding Their Role in Ancient Israel /hK or khn is the word most often used for priest Cultic official
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Understanding Their Role in Ancient Israel
Exod 28:41 You shall put them on your brother Aaron, and on his sons with him, and shall anoint them and ordain them and consecrate them, so that they may serve me as priests.
Exod 29:7-8 You shall take the anointing oil, and pour it on his head and anoint him. Then you shall bring his sons, and put tunics on them; and the priesthood shall be theirs by perpetual ordinance.Some Background
vv. 6-9 Then Moses brought Aaron and his sons forward, and washed them with water. He put the tunic on him, fastened the sash around him, clothed him with the robe, and put the ephod on him. He then put the decorated band of the ephod around him, tying the ephod to him with it. He placed the breastplate on him, and in the breastpiece he put Urim and Thummin. And he set the turban on his head, and on the turban, in front, he set the golden ornament, the holy crown, as the Lord commanded Moses.Ordination
See also Num 18:1 The Lord said to Aaron: You and your sons and your ancestral house with you shall bear responsibility for offenses connected with the priesthood.
Mediated the relationship between God and humankind
Consulting Urim and Thummin
Other ritual actsDuties
Aaron was the major figure through whom priests traced their lineage
Other families were probably always serving
Zadok emerges powerfully in David’s time
Zadok (in spite of genealogies in Chronicles) is probably not a LevitePriestly Lines
Ezekiel’s temple visions (40-48) speak of this office
With no king, the High Priest becomes the chief official of the Temple and thus of the people
High Priest was the only official allowed in the Holy of Holies (and that on the Day of Atonement)
Higher degree of purity expected
Became an office for lifeHigh Priest
Stands before God
Accused by the adversary (ha-satan). Compare Job 1-2; 1 Chr 21:1 (like 2 Sam 24:1)
Joshua is approved by God; see Zech 6:11Joshua as High Priest