priests l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Priests PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 12

Priests - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Priests Understanding Their Role in Ancient Israel /hK or khn is the word most often used for priest Cultic official

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript


Understanding Their Role in Ancient Israel

some background
/hK or khn is the word most often used for priest

Cultic official

Exod 28:41 You shall put them on your brother Aaron, and on his sons with him, and shall anoint them and ordain them and consecrate them, so that they may serve me as priests.

Exod 29:7-8 You shall take the anointing oil, and pour it on his head and anoint him. Then you shall bring his sons, and put tunics on them; and the priesthood shall be theirs by perpetual ordinance.

Some Background
Lev 8

vv. 6-9 Then Moses brought Aaron and his sons forward, and washed them with water. He put the tunic on him, fastened the sash around him, clothed him with the robe, and put the ephod on him. He then put the decorated band of the ephod around him, tying the ephod to him with it. He placed the breastplate on him, and in the breastpiece he put Urim and Thummin. And he set the turban on his head, and on the turban, in front, he set the golden ornament, the holy crown, as the Lord commanded Moses.

A kind of bodice


Embroidered with violet, purple, and scarlet threads

Interwoven with gold

Worn over the plain, sleeveless tunic (all violet); with a skirt of bells in between woven pomegranates

Patterned brocade like the ephod

Gold, blue, purple, and crimson wool as well as twisted linen

Each thread must be 28 ply 6 of blue, 6 of purple, 6 of crimson, 6 of white twisted linen and 4 of gold

12 stones set in gold; one each for the tribes of Israel

stones of remembrance
Stones of Remembrance
  • On the shoulders of the high priest are two remembrance stones in onyx set in gold filigree
  • Each is engraved with the name of six tribes
urim and thummim
Carried under the breastplate

Used to divine the will of God (Numbers 27:21, for example)

Stones used for “yes” and “no” questions (perhaps also more complex ones) depending on the pattern of their falling

Words engraved on them are for “darkness” and “light”

Urim and Thummim
Keeper of the sanctuary; Num 18:5 You yourselves shall perform the duties of the altar, so that wrath may never again come upon the Israelites.

See also Num 18:1 The Lord said to Aaron: You and your sons and your ancestral house with you shall bear responsibility for offenses connected with the priesthood.

Mediated the relationship between God and humankind



Consulting Urim and Thummin

Other ritual acts

sacrifices animal
Burnt offering or ‘olah

“soothing odor” for the deity (Exod 29:38-42)

Peace offering

Consumed by humans as opposed to God


Vowed sacrifice


Purification Offering

To right a wrong or an oversight


For the whole community

Sacrifices -- Animal
priestly lines
Priests were said to come from the house of Levi (Deut 10:8; 33:8-11)

Aaron was the major figure through whom priests traced their lineage

Other families were probably always serving

Zadok emerges powerfully in David’s time

Zadok (in spite of genealogies in Chronicles) is probably not a Levite

Priestly Lines
high priest
Although spoken of before the exile, it is likely this office does not come into being until then

Ezekiel’s temple visions (40-48) speak of this office

With no king, the High Priest becomes the chief official of the Temple and thus of the people

High Priest was the only official allowed in the Holy of Holies (and that on the Day of Atonement)

Higher degree of purity expected

Became an office for life

High Priest
joshua as high priest
Seen as unclean as the result of the exilic experience (Zech 3)

Stands before God

Accused by the adversary (ha-satan). Compare Job 1-2; 1 Chr 21:1 (like 2 Sam 24:1)

Joshua is approved by God; see Zech 6:11

Joshua as High Priest