Overview. 504/ ADA /IDEA Accommodations vs Modifications NCLB. Who’s In Charge US DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION. Entities Covered by Section 504 and the ADA. School districts Colleges, Universities Other recipients of federal funds are subject to 504
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504/ ADA /IDEA
Accommodations vs Modifications
Parents/guardians may appeal potential violations of IDEA to the appropriate state agency and the courts.
Section 504 and ADA are antidiscrimination laws enforced by OCR and do not provide any type of funding
For example, student with diabetes who does not require special education but may need assistance with administration of insulin would probably not be protected under IDEA, but might be under 504.
The “umbrella” term for changes in the IEP or Section 504 plan for a student with disability. These changes include: accommodations, modifications, aids, benefits, & services. The term “adaptation” does not involve the concept of the effect of the changes on standards.
(what you do for a student)
Not to be confused with..
(the effect of the “things or stuff” on the general curriculum, regular education
Changes in course/test presentation, location, timing, student response or the other attribute which are necessary to provide access for a student with a disability to participate and which do notfundamentally alter or lower the standard or expectations (or invalidate the test or course)
Changes in course/test presentation, location, timing, student response or the other attribute which are necessary to provide access for a student with a disability to participate but which fundamentally alter and/or lower the standard or expectations of the test or course
(e.g. parent choice) (parent input)
>All children capable of > Individualized “proficiency” Expectations
>Standardized Instruction > Individualized
>Outcome (Proficiency) > Provides opportunity
(assumed/promised) (FAPE) promised
mastery defines success picture (e.g. transition)
Cost- Legitimate Factor > Cost- Not a Factor
with mental retardation, hearing impairments (including deafness), speech or language impairments, visual impairments (including blindness), serious emotional disturbance, orthopedic impairments, autism, traumatic brain injury, other health impairments, or specific learning disabilities; and who, by reason thereof, needs special education and related services.
Appropriate education is defined as the provision of regular or special education and related aids and services designed to meet the student’s individual needs as adequately as the needs of the non-disabled persons are met.
330 C Street, S.W., Rm 5000
Washington, D.C. 20202
J.W. McCormack Post Office/Courthouse Rm 222
Boston, MA 02109 Tel # 617-223-9662
Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services
330 C Street, S.W., Rm 3006
Washington, D.C. 20202
Robert Wells, Bureau of Special Education
100 Pleasant St. Concord, NH 03301 Tel # 603-271-1536
Constance Manchester-Bonenfant, Bureau of Career Development
21 S. Fruit St., Suite 20, Concord, NH 03301 Tel # 603-419-0235