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Land of blue sky and wild steppe MONGOLIA GENERAL INFORMATION GENERAL INFORMATION GENERAL INFORMATION Population: 2.5 million (January 2005) Area: 1’564’000 sq. km, which is 18 th in the world. Mongolia = Germany + England + Spain + Italy HISTORY

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general information4
  • Population: 2.5 million (January 2005)
  • Area: 1’564’000 sq. km, which is 18th in the world.
  • Mongolia = Germany + England + Spain + Italy
  • Mongolia the horse King country where snow covered mountains mingle with the desert. Mongolia Located at the heart part of Asian continent , Mongolia is a country with a history that dates back to the times of Hunnu Empire from the 3rd to 1st century B.C.
  • For hundreds of years, Mongolia has seen states and civilizations come into being, thrive and collapse due to various circumstances. Mongols rose to global fame at the limes of Chinggis Khan and his supporters.
chinggis khan
  • “Man of the Millennium” by New York Times
  • “Man of the Millennium” by Washington Post: “Single man who had the greatest impact on the history of the last thousand years”
general information8
  • 1911 Revolution: Independent from Manchu
  • 1921 Revolution: Independent from Strangers
  • 1924 Proclamation of Republic
  • 1990 Transition
transition to market economy
  • In 1989-2003 lost over 10 years’ growth (lost decade)
  • Great Depression of Mongolia
  • Mongolians have been Buddhists since the 16th century
  • The Dalai Lama is an enormously popular figure and has visited the country several times
national apartment ger
  • Ger (yurt) is round, cone-shaped tent
  • Ger has only one door and no windows
  • But it has a small opening at the top, called a 'toono'' which allows smoke to go out of the stove's chimney
  • It is made out of boards with a wool covering so that it is easy to put up and to take down
national apartment ger13
  • This dwelling of nomads is collapsible and easy to erect and transport
  • The Mongolian ger looks small, but it is amazingly spacious inside, quite stable against storm winds and is well ventilated
national wrestling
Mongolian wrestling is similar to a wrestling found elsewhere, except there are no weight divisions National Wrestling
  • While growing up, boys spend much of their time wrestling with one another, especially in the countryside
national wrestling16
National Wrestling
  • Wrestling uniforms - Zodog Shuudag
  • Traditionally, it's said that the wrestling costumes were open in front of the chest. It is an interesting legend that says why the Zodog now is open in its front side. A long time ago, there was a strong famous wrestler who won many aimag's (provinces) naadam but after some time, people found out that the winner was a woman. So, since that time, the Zodog became open
horse racing
Horse racing
  • The Eye-Pleasing Nationally Famous Mighty Invincible Giant Horse racing is the favorite sport of the Mongols
  • The races, which take place on the steppe over distances of 15 to 30 kilometers, are the test of endurance for the horses and riders, boys and girls, most of them as young as six years old
  • The races are organized according to the age of horses
  • Archery competitions continue a tradition dating back to the Hunnu empire, when it was intended to sharpen military skills
  • Contestants use compound bows fashioned from sinew, wood, deer horn and bamboo, and strung with deer tendon
capital ulaanbaatar
  • Ulaanbaatar is Mongolia's main political, economic, industrial, scientific and cultural centre
  • Ulaanbaatar attracts population from rural areas in the country, and therefore, faces a rapid growth