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Final Exam Review. PUB/POS 140 May 6, 2008. Definitions of Public Policy. Birkland pg. 18. Anecdotal & Empirical Evidence. Historical Eras of Policy. Divided Power 1789-1860 State Activism 1860-1936 National Activism 1936-1960 National Standards 1960-1980

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final exam review

Final Exam Review

PUB/POS 140

May 6, 2008

historical eras of policy
Historical Eras of Policy
  • Divided Power 1789-1860
  • State Activism 1860-1936
  • National Activism 1936-1960
  • National Standards 1960-1980
  • The End of Big Government 1980 - ?
fragmentation
Fragmentation
  • Horizontal – Separation of Powers
  • Vertical – Federalism
  • Balance of Power – Birkland Table 2.3, pg45
market vs polis
Market vs. Polis
  • Stone Chapter 1
  • Concepts of Society pg. 33
official actors and their roles
Official Actors and Their Roles
  • Legislative Branch - Congress
  • Executive Branch - President
  • Judicial Branch - Courts
  • Administrative Agencies
unofficial actors and their roles
Unofficial Actors and Their Roles
  • Individual Citizens
  • Interest Groups
  • Political Parties
  • Think Tanks
  • Communications Media
subgovernments
Subgovernments
  • Iron Triangles – Figure 4.2
  • Policy Networks – Birkland pg. 100
  • Focusing Events / Social Movements – pg101
goals of public policy
Goals of Public Policy
  • Stone Part II
    • Equity
    • Efficiency
    • Security
    • Liberty
defining problems
Defining Problems
  • Stone Part III
    • Symbols
    • Numbers
    • Causes
agenda setting
Agenda Setting
  • Birkland Chapter 5
    • Figure 5.1 Levels of the Agenda
    • Power
    • Indicators, Focusing Events, and Agenda Change
    • Conditions and Problems
    • Table 5.1 Types of Causal Theories with Examples
policies solutions
Policies & Solutions
  • Stone Part IV
    • Inducements
    • Rules
    • Rights
lowi s policy typology as updated by ripley and franklin
Lowi’s Policy Typologyas updated by Ripley and Franklin
  • Distributive
  • Protective Regulatory
  • Competitive Regulatory
  • Redistributive
slide17
Wilson’s Cost/Benefit TypologySource: Derived from James Q. Wilson, Organizations and Public Policy. (New York: Basic Books, Chapter 16)
  • Interest Group Politics
  • Entrepreneurial Politics
  • Client Oriented Politics
  • Majoritarian Politics
elements of policy design birkland chapter 7
Elements of Policy Design: Birkland Chapter 7
  • Goals
  • Causal Model
  • Targets
  • Tools of the policy
  • Implementation
target populations
Target Populations
  • Ingram and Schneider Typology
    • Advantaged Groups
    • Contender Groups
    • Dependent Groups
    • Deviant Groups
tools of government salamon 2002
Tools of Government:(Salamon 2002)
  • Dimensions
    • Visibility
    • Automaticity
    • Coercion
    • Directness
  • Criteria
    • Effectiveness
    • Efficiency
    • Equity
    • Manageability
    • Political Feasibility
tools of government source lester salamon
Tools of Governmentsource: Lester Salamon
  • Direct Government
  • Economic Regulation
  • Social Regulation
  • Government Insurance
  • Public Information
  • Corrective Taxes, Charges and Trading Permits
  • Contracting Out
  • Grants
  • Loans / Loan Guarantees
  • Tax Expenditures
  • Vouchers
  • Tort Liability
implementation policy failure
Implementation & Policy Failure
  • Political Commitment
  • Administrative Capacity
  • Bottom-up Implementation
  • Top-down Implementation
  • Conflict/Ambiguity Model
    • Administrative Implementation
    • Political Implementation
    • Symbolic Implementation
    • Experimental Implementation
steps for a policy analysis adapted from bardach s eight step path of policy analysis
Steps for a Policy Analysis(adapted from Bardach’s “Eight-Step Path of Policy Analysis”)
  • Define the Problem
  • Assemble Some Evidence
  • Construct the Alternatives
  • Select the Criteria
  • Project the Outcomes
  • Confront the Tradeoffs
  • Decide
  • Tell Your Story
pub pos 140 final exam
PUB/POS 140 Final Exam
  • When?
    • Tuesday, May 13th
    • 10:30am – 12:30am
    • Arrive approximately 15 minutes early – so we can hand out materials and begin the exam can promptly at 10:30!!
  • Where?
    • Our Lecture Center
    • LC 7
  • What should you bring?
    • Two #2 pencils
    • An eraser
    • Your Student ID#
good luck

Good Luck!!!

A message from your TAs and your instructor