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Final Exam Review

Final Exam Review

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Final Exam Review

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  1. Final Exam Review PUB/POS 140 May 6, 2008

  2. Definitions of Public Policy • Birkland pg. 18

  3. Anecdotal & Empirical Evidence

  4. Historical Eras of Policy • Divided Power 1789-1860 • State Activism 1860-1936 • National Activism 1936-1960 • National Standards 1960-1980 • The End of Big Government 1980 - ?

  5. Elements of American Stability • Birkland pg. 38

  6. Fragmentation • Horizontal – Separation of Powers • Vertical – Federalism • Balance of Power – Birkland Table 2.3, pg45

  7. Market vs. Polis • Stone Chapter 1 • Concepts of Society pg. 33

  8. Official Actors and Their Roles • Legislative Branch - Congress • Executive Branch - President • Judicial Branch - Courts • Administrative Agencies

  9. Unofficial Actors and Their Roles • Individual Citizens • Interest Groups • Political Parties • Think Tanks • Communications Media

  10. Subgovernments • Iron Triangles – Figure 4.2 • Policy Networks – Birkland pg. 100 • Focusing Events / Social Movements – pg101

  11. Goals of Public Policy • Stone Part II • Equity • Efficiency • Security • Liberty

  12. Defining Problems • Stone Part III • Symbols • Numbers • Causes

  13. Agenda Setting • Birkland Chapter 5 • Figure 5.1 Levels of the Agenda • Power • Indicators, Focusing Events, and Agenda Change • Conditions and Problems • Table 5.1 Types of Causal Theories with Examples

  14. Policies & Solutions • Stone Part IV • Inducements • Rules • Rights

  15. Policy Types and Policy Change • Birkland Chapter 6

  16. Lowi’s Policy Typologyas updated by Ripley and Franklin • Distributive • Protective Regulatory • Competitive Regulatory • Redistributive

  17. Wilson’s Cost/Benefit TypologySource: Derived from James Q. Wilson, Organizations and Public Policy. (New York: Basic Books, Chapter 16) • Interest Group Politics • Entrepreneurial Politics • Client Oriented Politics • Majoritarian Politics

  18. Elements of Policy Design: Birkland Chapter 7 • Goals • Causal Model • Targets • Tools of the policy • Implementation

  19. Target Populations • Ingram and Schneider Typology • Advantaged Groups • Contender Groups • Dependent Groups • Deviant Groups

  20. Tools of Government:(Salamon 2002) • Dimensions • Visibility • Automaticity • Coercion • Directness • Criteria • Effectiveness • Efficiency • Equity • Manageability • Political Feasibility

  21. Tools of Governmentsource: Lester Salamon • Direct Government • Economic Regulation • Social Regulation • Government Insurance • Public Information • Corrective Taxes, Charges and Trading Permits • Contracting Out • Grants • Loans / Loan Guarantees • Tax Expenditures • Vouchers • Tort Liability

  22. Implementation & Policy Failure • Political Commitment • Administrative Capacity • Bottom-up Implementation • Top-down Implementation • Conflict/Ambiguity Model • Administrative Implementation • Political Implementation • Symbolic Implementation • Experimental Implementation

  23. Steps for a Policy Analysis(adapted from Bardach’s “Eight-Step Path of Policy Analysis”) • Define the Problem • Assemble Some Evidence • Construct the Alternatives • Select the Criteria • Project the Outcomes • Confront the Tradeoffs • Decide • Tell Your Story

  24. PUB/POS 140 Final Exam • When? • Tuesday, May 13th • 10:30am – 12:30am • Arrive approximately 15 minutes early – so we can hand out materials and begin the exam can promptly at 10:30!! • Where? • Our Lecture Center • LC 7 • What should you bring? • Two #2 pencils • An eraser • Your Student ID#

  25. Good Luck!!! A message from your TAs and your instructor