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Cancer Treatment. Get a 2 nd Opinion Do your homework! (Research viable treatments, side effects, benefits and risks) # cases treated for specific cancer Clinical Trials Detecting, Diagnosing and Treating Cancer. Proven Treatments : Surgery Chemotherapy

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Cancer Treatment

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cancer treatment
Cancer Treatment
  • Get a 2nd Opinion
  • Do your homework! (Research viable treatments, side effects, benefits and risks)
  • # cases treated for specific cancer
  • Clinical Trials
detecting diagnosing and treating cancer
Detecting, Diagnosing and Treating Cancer
  • Proven Treatments:
    • Surgery
    • Chemotherapy
    • Radiation Therapy
    • Bone Marrow/Stem Cell Transplants
laughter therapy
Laughter Therapy??!
  • Laughter is a form of internal jogging. It moves your internal organs around. It enhances respiration. It is an igniter of great expectations. Norman Cousins
  • Who is Norman Cousins?


►Knowledge is power and attitude is everything.

►From the moment of diagnosis, the practical information and

tools you need to live strong are provided.

More than 40 million Live STRONG wristbands had been sold as of April, 2005

lance armstrong spirit of survivorship recipient 2003
Lance ArmstrongSpirit of Survivorship Recipient 2003
  • Karen Hornbostel

5 time metastatic breast cancer


Competitive Cyclist

Proven Treatments:



Radiation Therapy

Bone Marrow/Stem Cell Transplants

type of treatment depends on
Type of Treatment Depends on:
  • Type of Cancer
  • Whether or not primary tumor has metastasized
  • Cancer Stage
  • Location of Tumor(s)
  • Age/Health of Patient
  • Location of Tumor(s)
  • Oldest form of treatment for cancer
  • Cancer cells surgically removed
  • Cancer cells that cannot be removed surgically are destroyed chemically
  • Administrated by :




Side Effects

radiation therapy
Radiation Therapy
  • Cancer cells killed directly with ionizing radiation
  • Internal Radiation
  • External Radiation
  • Side Effects-damages neighboring, non-cancerous cells
bone marrow and stem cell transplants
Bone Marrow and Stem Cell Transplants
  • 2 Types:

1. Allogeneic

2. Autologous

allogeneic bone marrow stem cell
Allogeneic: Bone Marrow/ Stem Cell
  • Bone Marrow Transplant:

Receive bone marrow from a donor (often a sibling)

- Donor placed under gen’l anesthesia

- Doctor does series of needle sticks

- Marrow extracted from both hip


2 stem cell transplant
2. Stem Cell Transplant
  • Stem Cells (immature bone marrow cells) isolated from blood develop into mature cells
  • Injections given to pump up stem cell production
  • Stem cells removed from blood
finding a donor match
Finding a Donor Match
  • 6 subtypes of the blood examined
  • When all 6 match it is considered a good match
  • 1 in 4 chance that a full sibling will be a match
  • Desperate need for minority donors,

particularly Native Americans

success stories
Success Stories:
  • Recipients…………..
perry cerquone missoula montana
Perry Cerquone, Missoula, Montana
  • Age 7 When Transplanted in 2001
  • Diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia, at 18 mos. Old
  • unrelated stem cell transplant
katy hubbell fischer illinois diagnosed in 1997 age 4
Katy Hubbell, Fischer, Illinois Diagnosed in 1997, age 4
  • Received Transplant at age 6
  • On May 7, 1999, a non-relative (from bone marrow registry) donated his marrow
success stories20
Success Stories:
  • Donors…………..
Lesley Farrey Pacey:donated cells to try and save the life of an unidentified 5-year-old she may never know.
  • identified as a one-in-3.6-million match for a boy in Europe with Leukemia
  • In the United States, donors and recipients can share information and meet a year after the transplant if they wish.
retired flagstaff police chief mike gray
Retired Flagstaff Police Chief, Mike Gray
  • Donated stem cells to an adult male cancer patient in Ca.
  • April, 2003
  • Several Flagstaff police officers joined the bone marrow registry when one of their colleagues was diagnosed with leukemia.
2 autologous patient receives own cells back
2. Autologous-Patient receives own cells back

Lower mortality rate compared to bone

marrow transplant

-Catheter placed in patient’s chest (Vas Cath)

-Vas Cath used to collect patient’s stem cells

-Isolate immature bone marrow cells

more donors means more matches
More donors means more matches
  • NMDP : Nat’l Marrow Donor Program
  • 1-800 marrow2
  • Founded in 1986
  • Assisted in over 12,000+ transplants
  • Program has 4.8 million donors
  • Approximately 3,000 patients searching for a match at any given time
nmdt phoenix
NMDT: Phoenix
  • 1-866-360-0000
  • Janet Hedgpeth: Phoenix Donor Center Coordinator
  • Manages 50,00 donors from Az, Nv, Utah
  • Requires Serious commitment
students in hs 200 last semester
Students in HS 200 last semester..
  • Organized a Bone Marrow Registry Drive

here in Flagstaff.

See attached flyer

leukemia bone marrow transplant first choice
Leukemia:Bone Marrow transplant first choice

►Breast and Ovarian Cancer:

Stem Cell Transplant often 1st choice

- Stem Cells extracted before chemotherapy


- High doses of chemotherapy are then given

alternative therapies
Alternative Therapies

Not scientifically proven methods but can help

in treating symptoms, address emotional

Imbalance, stress, side effects, etc.

  • Mind-Body Interventions
  • Homeopathy
  • Energy Therapies
  • Traditional Chinese Medicine
  • Placebo Effect

National Cancer Institutewww.cancer.govThinking about Complementary and Alternative Medicine LINKS:Reasons People with Cancer Choose CAMMaking Choices What is Complementary and Alternative MedicineTypes of Complementary and Alternative MedicineTalk with Your Doctor Before You Use CAMNatural Does Not Mean SafeChoose Practitioners with CareGetting Information from Trusted Sources

avoiding health fraud and quackery
Avoiding Health Fraud and Quackery
  • If it sounds too good to be true it probably is!
  • Contact American Cancer Society and

Cancer research hospitals/medical schools

  • Is the treatment part of a clinical trial?
cancer survivors
Cancer Survivors
  • Considered “cured” after 5 yrs. of being cancer free.
  • Must live with fear of recurrence
  • Face prejudice from health insurers
  • Psychological support is essential
  • Financial impact
stories of hope
Stories of Hope

You've got to believe in yourself and never give up. If you

want to live, you cannot accept that life is over for you."

46 yr. old diagnosed with brain cancer

Diagnosed with Prostate Cancer at age 40

“I have a purpose for being here a little bit longer. To the degree I can make a difference, I'm going to do it.”

christina morgan diagnosed with hodgkins s disease while in h s
Christina Morgan, Diagnosed with Hodgkins’s Disease while in H.S.
  • Currently attending Univ. of Fl.
  • Majoring in Chemistry
  • Plans a career in medicine
  • Currently a volunteer in Pediatric Medicine
        • Call 1-800-ACS-2345 for information about ACS

college scholarships in your area.

          • "What got me through was my belief in medical science."
Alexander Fields was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma at age ten.

Alex's gift - his story - will have lasting impact on countless survivors. With the PBS broadcast of this documentary in 2006, his impact will only grow.

Shelby Robin was diagnosed with Ewing's Sarcoma, a rare form of bone cancer, when she was 12 years old.

Shelby is the first National Spokeskid for Sunshine Kids, an international nonprofit organization focused on creating positive and exciting experiences for children with cancer.

Life is what happens when you’re making other plans.

John Lennon

Laugh loud and often

Devour your weekend.