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Assessment of Impacts of Gambling in NZ. Conducted by Shore/ Whariki Study funded by the Ministry of Health. Purpose of Study. Provide quantitative measures of the impact of gambling from a representative sample of NZers 15 to 80 years

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Assessment of Impacts of Gambling in NZ

Conducted by Shore/ Whariki

Study funded by the Ministry of Health

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Purpose of Study

  • Provide quantitative measures of the impact of gambling from a representative sample of NZers 15 to 80 years

  • Information to be collected from individuals which could be aggregated

  • Survey collected quantitative measures assess positive and negative impacts

  • Sample size 7010 ( 4650 general respondents) over sample Maori, Pacific, Chinese, Korean sample

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  • Sample size 7010 respondents aged 15 to 80 years living in private residential dwellings

  • Data collection May 2007- November 2007

  • Telephone survey, randomly selected numbers ( listed and in listed ) 10 calls per number

  • Select person from one household

  • Maori sample selected from Maori electoral roll

  • Maori target sample 500, Pacific 8000, Asian 620, general population 4450

  • Aim to be able to conduct ethnic specific analysis

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Survey Instrument Development

  • Review of literature of the impact of gambling on people, communities, ethnic specific, drew upon research all ready undertaken

  • Qualitative interviews : gambling industry, qualitative interviews of people from different ethnic groups

  • Development and piloting of a quantitative data collection instrument assess social and economic impacts

  • Pre Pilot instument

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Sample of Study : Completed Interviews

  • 4650 general sample

  • 533 Maori

  • Pacific 858

  • Asian 969

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Key Findings

  • 62% of general participants reported ( excluding raffles) had gambled in the past 12 months

  • More than 50% of the population had engaged with Lottery products, 10% track betting, 4% pokies in clubs, 8% bars/clubs and 8% in the casino

  • Time spent gambling over 3 hours per week, heavy – 3.2% of the sample heavy gamblers

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Profile Heavy Gamblers

  • More likely to be males, aged between 18 to 35 years, single, either sick or unemployed, ad secondary qualifications and the majority Maori or Pacific

  • Those who had higher levels of gambling reported significantly poorer health, worse mental health, poor feelings about self, low satisfaction with life and more likelihood of unemployment

  • Loss of income sensitive measure in effecting quality of life

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Gambling Modes and Venues

  • Ethnic groups had different impacts in relation to modes of gambling

  • Time spent playing pokies in bars had negative impacts on all ethnic groups in relation to many domains of life : self reported physical health, mental well being, relationships with family/friends, feelings about self, quality and satisfaction of life, financial situation, care given to children

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Self Perception of Changes on Domains of Life

  • People higher participation in gambling reported they would be better off in terms of physical health, mental wellbeing, relationships with family/friends, financial situation, housing situation, material standard of living, study performance, care of children if they had not been gambling in last year

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Gambling and Illegal Activities

  • People with higher participation more likely to be involved in illegal activities compared to people who never gambled or reported lower levels of participation.

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Impacts of People’s Gambling On Domains of Life

  • Approximately 12.4% people had at ;east one person in their lives whom they considered to have been fairly heavy gamblers’ in the last 12 months.

  • Close family members ( family members) most negatively impacted by their family members’ gambling

  • Life domains affected included physical health, mental wellbeing, housing situation, material standard of living, relationships, care – giving of children, quality and satisfaction of life

  • Adverse gambling impacts more within whanau than outside as friends or work colleagues

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Maori Sample

  • 60% of the Maori sample had engaged wioth Lottery products, 13% betting at TAB, Pokies 6% in clubs, 15% in bars/clubs and 10% in the casino

  • 3% of the Maori sample played at casino tables, 5% played at housie in community centres 7% played poker/card games at home or friends for money

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Impact on Domains of Life

  • Significant associations between gambling participation and poorer quality of life in life, most sensitive time spent playing pokie machines

  • Maori who spent longer time playing pokies reported poorer mental wellbeing, low self, poor housing, rated themselves as poor parent/care-giver

  • Long time playing pokies report poor feelings about self and quality of life

  • Playing pokies or tables in a casino were associated with similar rating pokie machines

  • Playing housie associated with better self- rated material standard of living

  • Length of time spent on betting at the track or poker playing at home had no significant impact on individuals domains of life

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Overall Finding

  • Maori showed predominantly negative associations between gambling and people’s self ratings of their domains of life

  • Findings for Europeans and Chinese/Korean peoples were mixed

  • Europeans associations were predominately positive

  • Pacific people were more similar to Maori

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  • This study confirms and supports previous research that gambling and in particular pokie machines erodes the health, wealth and wellbeing of Maori whanau

  • Gambling policy is focused on the general population but those who are most adversely affected are those who are marginalised in society

  • Low sample of Maori supports previous study even though should have been higher

  • Pokie machines damages Maori health and wealth, supports claim to the Waitangi Tribunal to consider implications of pokie machines