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Academic patenting in Europe: new evidence from the KEINS database. Francesco Lissoni (Università di Brescia & CESPRI-Università Bocconi). European Universities Learning to Compete June 12, 2008, Stockholm. Sources.
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(Università di Brescia & CESPRI-Università Bocconi)
European Universities Learning to Compete
June 12, 2008, Stockholm
Data on France, Italy and Sweden
Repeal of HochschullehrerprivilegGermany (2001 Reform of Employee Law), Austria (2002), Denmark (2000, Act on Inventions at Public Research Institutions) Introduction ofHochschullehrerprivilegItaly (2001 Legge Finanziaria)Titolarity of IPR over public funded researchUK (1998; National Health Service circular), Germany (1998), Belgium (1999; Decree on Education)IPR awareness campaignsGermany (1998-2002), Sweden (1994; jointly to creation of “Technology Bridging Foundations”), France (1999; 2001)
Recent literature suggests that it may be the case that European university produce patents, but do not own them
Best way to count university patents in Europe is to look at the inventors, not the applicants KEINS DATABASE!!!
for matching purposes: academic inventors (KEINS DATABASE; Lissoni et al., 2007)
for interview purposes (PATSTAT project)
priority date, IPC class, citations etc.
All EPO patent applications
Standardisation of company names/addresses/parent co.
Standardisation of inventors’ names /addresses + Massacrator © routine
Company-level data (~140k organizations)
Inventor-level data set
INVENTOR-PROFESSOR MATCHING EXERCISE
Table 1. Academic inventors in France, Italy, the Netherlands and Sweden
1 Professors active in 2004 (Italy, Sweden) or 2005 (France, the Netherlands) in Science, Medicine and Engineering
2 Data from checked professor-inventor matches (professors confirmed to be the inventors)
3 All records, checked and unchecked (excl. records for which professors denied being the inventors)
1 Professors active in 2004 (Italy, Sweden) or 2005 (France, the Netherlands)
2 Info on discipline is missing for 39% of Swedish academic inventors
Table 2b-bis. Academic inventors1, % distribution by selected sub-discipline
Source: for France, Italy, Sweden and United States Lissoni et al. (2006).
things are changing: university ownership is increasing (Della Malva, Lissoni, Llerena, 2008)
the Netherlands seems to be a partial exception