youth substance use prevention a focus on protective factors
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Youth Substance Use Prevention – A Focus on Protective Factors. Laurie L. Meschke, Ph.D. Joän M. Patterson, Ph.D. Division of Epidemiology University of Minnesota. Resilience.

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youth substance use prevention a focus on protective factors

Youth Substance Use Prevention – A Focus on Protective Factors

Laurie L. Meschke, Ph.D.

Joän M. Patterson, Ph.D.

Division of Epidemiology

University of Minnesota

resilience
Resilience
  • The process by which successful developmental or adaptive outcomes occur within a high-risk environment and/or stressful circumstances
  • Requires:
    • Risk factors
    • Protective factors
individual resilience processes
Individual Resilience Processes
  • Protective Processes:
    • Self-perceived competence
    • Academic competence
    • Healthy interactions with adults
    • Religion and prayer
    • Anti-alcohol norms
    • Social skills
family resilience processes
Family Resilience Processes
  • Marital harmony
  • Parents abstain
  • Family management
  • Psychologically healthy parents
family resilience processes cont
Family Resilience Processes (cont.)
  • Family hardiness
  • Parental support
  • Family bonding
  • Family connectedness
  • Healthy parent-adolescent communication
community resilience processes
Community Resilience Processes
  • Student autonomy and influences
  • School norms
  • School connectedness
  • School sense of community
community resilience processes cont
Community Resilience Processes (cont.)
  • No tolerance approach
  • Local law enforcement
  • Higher alcohol prices
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Prevention opportunities exist at the individual, family, and community levels
  • Prevention can enhance protective factors in addition to or instead of decreasing risk factors
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