TUFESA / ITUAE (Education Trade Unions in Albania) Education Trade Unions andCHILD LABOUR IN ALBANIA
BACKGROUND • TUFESA / ITUAE -the largest and the most important TUs in the education sector in Albania. • MEMBERSHIP: 32,000 members, some 70 % of teachers and other employees in the education and sciences sectors. • AFFILIATION: KSSH, BSPSH, EI, and Pan - European Structure • ACTIVITIES: Two phases: - 1991 - 1999: members’ protection, - 2000 onwards: expansion of the scope (education reform, strategy and quality of education, child labour elimination.)
Child labour Background in Albania Child labourand child trafficking are a problem in Albania. • Child labour:More than 40,000 child labourers. Main sectors: - Street working, round 10 000, - Farming: between 15 000 and 20 000 - Collecting garbages, 4 000 - 5 000 - Cloths and shoes industry, 3 000 - 4 000 • Child trafficking:5,000 children trafficked in Greece; 3,000 trafficked in Italy. • 70 % of working children are from those who have dropped out from the school, compared to 30% of children who work and allegedly continue to attend the school. Special role of teachers and their TU • Drop-out in 2006-2007: More than 6 500 pupils, out of which 45 percent of all of them are in the main cities. • Reasons: -Ekonomic conditions, family situations, educational system
Areas of Intervention • Capacity building:(trainings, seminars & workshops with trade unionists), • Prevention: (teachers special work with pupils dropped out from the school & child labourers, community work), • Lobbying & advocacy: (Government – Ministry of Education, Collective agreement, other educational institutions), • Awareness raising:(Newsletters, Magazine “Tribuna Sindikale”, publications “ACTRAV Manual – Trade Unions and Child Labour, SCREAM package, Manual on Non-Formal Education, leaflets)
Starting activitiesITUC, EI, ILO-IPEC campaigns • ITUC, EI programs (1999-2001) • October 2004: - Survey on ChL in Albania, S. Grumiau - Conference on “TU against child labour in Albania” (ICFTU –KSSH, BSPSH, TUFESA – ILO IPEC). • Adoption of Special Resolutions in the Congresses of TUFESA and KSSH in November 2004. • Regional Conference in October 2006, supported by FNV/AOb and ILO-IPEC in Tirana, • Special activities in the framework of GAW, • EI-NOT child labour monitoring activities: 2007 - 55 teachers engaged in working groups and activities - 130 pupils from 6 schools of 3 districts, subject of individual work (60 girls in Tirana suburbs, 30 Roma pupils in Elbasan, 30 pupils from Macedonian minority,Korca) - Activities with pupils and results: 18 turned back in school, 32 out of risk to drop out of school, 24 improvements in school performance
Collaboration with FNV/AObActivities • Being focussed in 6 districts: Tirana, Fieri, Elbasan Shkodra, Korca, Durresi • Prevention activities: avoiding school drop-out, direct impact to the elimination of child labour, - Working groups, monitoring system, workshops, (more than 100 local leaders trained), - Collaboration with Ministry of Educ, local government, other NGO - Comunication with members, Magazine, website, publications - Motivation of teachers, involving pupils and parents • Some results: - Some 1 100 teachers engaged concretely … - Some 1550 pupils turned back in schools or out of risk to drop out, • Working in progress to realise concrete objectives: - decrease the number of working children in selected districts by 15 per cent and in national level by 8 per cent, - decrease the number of pupils dropped out from the school, by 25 percent in selected districts and by 12 percent in national level.
Other branch TU engagement and regional initiatives • Two objectives: - Enlarging the number of teachers engaged and i - Invloving other branch trade unions • Activities: - Conference: ITUC, KSSH, BSPSH, October 2004) - Adoption of Special Resolution in the Congresses of KSSH in November 2004, - Round Table on other branch trade union involvement, October - Another Round Table will be organised in April • Regional Conference in October 2006, supported by FNV/AOb and ILO-IPEC in Tirana, -Participating: EI, repersent. from 6 countries of the region, - Discussions, a working plan elaborated, a follow-up activity needed.
Examples of Good Practices • Collaboration between TUFESA / ITUAE and other branches of trade unions, • The Conference of ITUC with KSSH and BSPSH, in October 2004, • Adoption of Special Resolutions against ChL, in the FSASH and KSSH Congresses, • Using collective agreement as an important instrument for ChL prevention, - For the first time, fsash/spash engegement, Ministry support, - Achievements-basis for further insistence-remuneration • Concrete work of teachers and TU local leaders, • Important publications: ILO ACTRAV Manual “Trade Unions and Child Labour”. SCREAM package, Manual on Non-Formal Education, Magazine “Tribuna Sindikale”, fsash-spash Website
CONTACTS FSASH/SPASH Rruga Dora D’Istria Pallati Perballe Fakultetit Juridik, Kati 3 Tirana, Albania Tel & fax: + 355 4 25 65 32 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.fsash-spash.com Contact person: Stavri Liko