Postmodern Approaches. Overview. Postmodernists believe in the subjective realities that do not exist independent of observational processes.
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1. Find ou what clients want rather than searching for what they do not want.
2. Do not look for pathology, and do not attempt to reduce clients by giving them a diagnostic label. Instead, look for what clients are doing that is already working and encourage them to continue in that direction.
3. visitor: the client who comes to therapy because someone else thinks the client has a problem. Client may not agree they have a problem therefore may not identify anything to explore during therapy.
PRETHERAPY CHANGE-during the initial therapy session it is common for a solution-focused therapist to ask, ‘What have you done since calling for your appointment that has made a difference in your problem?’
EXCEPTION QUESTIONS- these are used to direct clients to times when the problem did not exist.
During the last 5 to 10 minutes of the session the therapist usually compose a summary message for the clients. During this time therapists formulate feedback that will be given to the clients. There are three parts to this; compliments, a bridge and suggesting a task.
According to Michael White, individuals construct the meaning of life in interpretive stories, which are then treated as “truth.”
Therapists are encouraged to establish a collaborative approach with a special interest in listening to clients’ stories. Therapists use these stories to engage us in therapy, avoid diagnosing and labeling, and help clients with mapping out the problem.
QUESTIONS-therapists use questions to generate experience rather than to gather information.
EXTERNALIZATION AND DECONSTRUCTION- therapists believe its not the person that is the problem but that it’s the problem that is the problem. This is one way to separate the person from identifying with the problem.