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Advanced Photography Photographic Lighting Photographic Lighting Basic Lighting Four types of Lighting Basic Lighting In addition to a good subject and good composition, we all know that successful photographs must have great lighting Here Comes the Sun

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Advanced Photography

Photographic Lighting

photographic lighting
Photographic Lighting

Basic Lighting

Four types of Lighting

basic lighting
Basic Lighting
  • In addition to a good subject and good composition, we all know that successful photographs must have great lighting
here comes the sun
Here Comes the Sun
  • In photographic lighting we try to recreate natural sun light both direct and indirect
  • In GENERAL the more light the better
3 qualities of light
3 Qualities of Light
  • Brightness
  • Color
  • Contrast
brightness

BRIGHTNESS

Simply put, The Brighter the better!

color

COLOR

Most all pictures are created with white light, a mixture of red, green, and blue which the human brain perceives as colorless.

contrast

CONTRAST

A light source has contrast determined by size and angles of a light source

soft light
Soft Light
  • SOFT LIGHT has no clearly defined shadows. It is hard to tell where the light is coming from. In this photo the soft light contributes to the mood or emotion of the photo.
  • Soft light is easy on the eyes, but does not work well for a photograph where the texture of something is needed.
hard light
Hard Light
  • HARD LIGHT - has harsh shadows and a defined direction that can be seen by where the shadow points.  Hard light will emphasize the texture of a subject.
light size large or small
Light Size – Large or Small
  • Flashlight
  • Light Bulb
  • Fluorescent Light
  • Outside Overcast Day
  • Outside Bright Sun
types of lighting
Types of Lighting

Photography is the manipulation of LIGHT!

Lighting is an essential element in every photograph.

types of lighting13
Types of Lighting

Learning to set up the best possible lighting for studio shots is a large part of the process of becoming a photographer rather than a snap-shooter.

types of lighting14
Types of Lighting

In any lighting set-up, natural or artificial, the dominant light source, (the one that provides the lighting direction), is known as the main orkey light.

types of lighting15
Types of Lighting

It can be a harsh (hard or small) or diffused (soft or large) source - whichever best suits the image you want to produce.

key fill light
Key & Fill Light
  • The main or key lightestablishes where the highlights and shadows will be.
  • Sometimes, a main light is all that is needed to produce the desired effect.
  • More often though, a second light, known as thefill light,is used to direct light into the shadow areas and lighten (fill) them to the desired level.
  • The fill lightcan be a second, less-powerful or more distant light unit, or a reflector that directs light from the main source into the shadow areas.
  • The main light establishes the lighting direction; the fill light establishes the contrast (the difference in brightness between the highlight and shadow areas).
direction of lighting
Direction Of Lighting
  • There are several factors in lighting.
direction of lighting18
Direction Of Lighting
  • There are several factors in lighting.
  • The direction of the lighting is probably the most important one.
direction of lighting19
Direction Of Lighting
  • There are several factors in lighting.
  • The direction of the lighting is probably the most important one.
  • Whether the light comes from the front of the subject, from the side, from behind, from above, from below, or from somewhere in-between, it determines the overall look of the photograph.
i see the light
I See The Light
  • Lighting directions are generally specified relative to the subject, rather than to the camera.
  • For instance, front lighting means the light is falling on the front of the subject- the light therefore is coming from behind the camera. 
front lighting
Front Lighting
  • Light that comes from directly in front of the subject produces a flat, shadow less effect.
  • The shadows are all cast behind the subject, out of sight.
  • That is easy to work with, but generally not too exciting.
  • Front lighting is useful for identification photos and overall views, because nothing is hidden in shadow.
  • However, it is generally not used for dramatic or artistic effect.
  • When it is used, front lighting generally should be soft.
side lighting
Side Lighting

Light that comes from one side of the subject produces shadows on the opposite side of the subject, emphasizing texture and form.

side lighting23
Side Lighting

In portrait work, side lighting generally requires a second light source on the shadow side of the subject in order to fill (lighten) the shadows.

back lighting
Back Lighting

Light that comes from behind the subject casts shadows toward the camera producing a halo effect around the subject.

back lighting25
Back Lighting

Since the background is brighter than the subject with backlit scenes, you must choose between exposing the background normally, and producing a silhouetted subject.

back lighting26
Back Lighting

For people-pictures, some kind of fill light source is generally needed when back lighting is used

top lighting
Top Lighting

Light from above the subject emphasizes texture and form in vertical surfaces, but is bad portrait lighting, as the subject's eyes get lost in deep shadows creating a hollow effect.

top lighting28
Top Lighting

As sunlight generally comes from above, lighting from above looks 'natural', and most lighting set-ups should come from some angle above the subject in order to appear natural and enhance the features of the subject.

top lighting29
Top Lighting

However, lighting from directly above should generally be avoided.

low lighting angles
Low-Lighting Angles
  • In nature, light seldom comes from below a subject.
low lighting angles31
Low-Lighting Angles
  • In nature, light seldom comes from below a subject.
  • Therefore, low-angle lighting most times should be avoided if a natural appearance is desired in the photograph.
low lighting angles32
Low-Lighting Angles
  • In nature, light seldom comes from below a subject.
  • Therefore, low-angle lighting most times should be avoided if a natural appearance is desired in the photograph.
  • However, for eerie portraits, such "horror lighting" it can be effective.
combinations
Combinations
  • In most studio work, light rarely comes just from the front or behind, to one side, above, or below a subject.
combinations34
Combinations
  • In most studio work, light rarely comes just from the front or behind, to one side, above, or below a subject.
  • It generally is a combination of these lighting.
combinations35
Combinations

The "classical" portrait lighting setup starts with a light above and to one side of the subject (about 45o above and 45o to the side, varied as needed to tailor the lighting to a particular face).

combinations36
Combinations

A popular portrait lighting today is the "over-and-under, "with one large soft light just above the camera lens, and another (or a fill reflector) directly below the lens

four types of lighting39
Four Types of Lighting
  • Rembrandt
  • Paramount
four types of lighting40
Four Types of Lighting
  • Rembrandt
  • Paramount
  • Loop
four types of lighting41
Four Types of Lighting
  • Rembrandt
  • Paramount
  • Loop
  • Split
rembrandt
Rembrandt
  • Rembrandt or 45o lighting creates classic shadows on the face.
rembrandt43
Rembrandt
  • Rembrandt or 45o lighting creates classic shadows on the face.
  • It is characterized by a small, triangular highlight on the shadowed cheek of the subject.
rembrandt44
Rembrandt
  • Rembrandt or 45o lighting creates classic shadows on the face.
  • It is characterized by a small, triangular highlight on the shadowed cheek of the subject.
  • The lighting in fact takes its name from the famous Dutch painter.
rembrandt45
Rembrandt
  • Rembrandt or 45o lighting creates classic shadows on the face.
  • It is characterized by a small, triangular highlight on the shadowed cheek of the subject.
  • The lighting in fact takes its name from the famous Dutch painter.
  • It is more for masculine lighting and used commonly with a weak fill light to accentuate the shadow-side highlight.
paramount lighting
Paramount Lighting
  • Paramount lighting, sometimes called butterfly lighting or glamour lighting, is a feminine lighting pattern that produces a symmetrical, butterfly-like shadow beneath the subject's nose.
paramount key light
Paramount Key Light
  • Since the light must be high and close to the subject to produce the wanted shadow, it should not be used on women with deep eye sockets - or to illuminate the eyes.
paramount fill light
Paramount Fill Light
  • Since both the key and fill lights are on the same side of the camera, a fill card must be used opposite the lights and close to the subject to fill in the deep shadows on the neck and shaded cheek
paramount hair light
Paramount Hair Light
  • The hair light, which is always used opposite the key light, should light the hair only and not skim onto the face of the subject.
paramount background light
Paramount Background Light
  • The background light, used low and behind the subject, should form a semi-circle on the seamless background (if using one), so that the tone of the background grows gradually darker the farther out from the subject you look.
paramount front light
Paramount Front Light
  • Front lighting places shadows on either side of the face and under the nose (if the light is raised high enough) to form the famous "butterfly" shadow
loop lighting
Loop Lighting
  • Even with a very basic outfit, you can produce excellent portraits
loop key lighting
Loop Key Lighting
  • In this example, we used a flash unit as the key light directed towards the model from an angle of about 45o in front and to the right of the camera.
loop fill lighting
Loop Fill Lighting
  • A Fill light was used to soften the shadows on the face and to fill in the shadows and prevent them becoming too heavy
loop background lighting
Loop Background Lighting
  • A roll of background paper was placed some 2 feet behind the model and lit with a single light
loop lighting metering
Loop Lighting Metering
  • Exposure determination is straightforward for this type of shot.
loop lighting metering60
Loop Lighting Metering
  • Exposure determination is straightforward for this type of shot.
  • Just point the Flash meter towards the camera from the model position.
split lighting
Split Lighting
  • Split lighting is when the key light illuminates only half the face
split lighting65
Split Lighting
  • Split lighting is when the key light illuminates only half the face
  • It is an ideal slimming lighting pattern.
split lighting66
Split Lighting
  • Split lighting is when the key light illuminates only half the face
  • It is an ideal slimming lighting pattern.
  • It can be used to narrow a wide face, or to narrow a wide nose.
split lighting67
Split Lighting
  • Split lighting is when the key light illuminates only half the face
  • It is an ideal slimming lighting pattern.
  • It can be used to narrow a wide face, or to narrow a wide nose.
  • It can also be used with weak fill to hide facial imperfections.
split lighting68
Split Lighting
  • Split lighting is when the key light illuminates only half the face
  • It is an ideal slimming lighting pattern.
  • It can be used to narrow a wide face, or to narrow a wide nose.
  • It can also be used with weak fill to hide facial imperfections.
  • Split lighting can be used with no fill light for a dramatic effect
split key lighting
Split Key Lighting
  • In split lighting, the key light is moved farther to the side of the subject and lower.
split key lighting70
Split Key Lighting
  • In split lighting, the key light is moved farther to the side of the subject and lower.
  • In some cases, the key light is slightly behind the subject, depending on how far the subject is turned from the camera
split fill lighting
Split Fill Lighting
  • The fill light, hair light, and background light are used normally for split lighting