Advanced Photography Photographic Lighting Photographic Lighting Basic Lighting Four types of Lighting Basic Lighting In addition to a good subject and good composition, we all know that successful photographs must have great lighting Here Comes the Sun
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Four types of Lighting
Simply put, The Brighter the better!
Most all pictures are created with white light, a mixture of red, green, and blue which the human brain perceives as colorless.
A light source has contrast determined by size and angles of a light source
Photography is the manipulation of LIGHT!
Lighting is an essential element in every photograph.
Learning to set up the best possible lighting for studio shots is a large part of the process of becoming a photographer rather than a snap-shooter.
In any lighting set-up, natural or artificial, the dominant light source, (the one that provides the lighting direction), is known as the main orkey light.
It can be a harsh (hard or small) or diffused (soft or large) source - whichever best suits the image you want to produce.
Light that comes from one side of the subject produces shadows on the opposite side of the subject, emphasizing texture and form.
In portrait work, side lighting generally requires a second light source on the shadow side of the subject in order to fill (lighten) the shadows.
Light that comes from behind the subject casts shadows toward the camera producing a halo effect around the subject.
Since the background is brighter than the subject with backlit scenes, you must choose between exposing the background normally, and producing a silhouetted subject.
For people-pictures, some kind of fill light source is generally needed when back lighting is used
Light from above the subject emphasizes texture and form in vertical surfaces, but is bad portrait lighting, as the subject's eyes get lost in deep shadows creating a hollow effect.
As sunlight generally comes from above, lighting from above looks 'natural', and most lighting set-ups should come from some angle above the subject in order to appear natural and enhance the features of the subject.
However, lighting from directly above should generally be avoided.
The "classical" portrait lighting setup starts with a light above and to one side of the subject (about 45o above and 45o to the side, varied as needed to tailor the lighting to a particular face).
A popular portrait lighting today is the "over-and-under, "with one large soft light just above the camera lens, and another (or a fill reflector) directly below the lens