PAAL Training ABA 101. Kaori G. Nepo, M.Ed.,BCBA. Training Objective. Learn Basic ABA terms and understand how to apply ABA procedures. . Reinforcement/ Punishment Extinction Motivating Operation Shaping Chaining Prompting Data collection .
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Kaori G. Nepo, M.Ed.,BCBA
Learn Basic ABA terms and understand how to apply ABA procedures.
“ABA is the science in which tactics deprived from the principles of behavior are applied to improve socially significant behavior and experimentation is used to identify the variables responsible for the improvement in behavior.”
(Cooper, Heron, & Howard, 1987)
Watson: (Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It, 1913)
Skinner: (The Behavior of Organism, 1938)
Radical Behaviorism-include private events
A(SD) – B(R) – C(SR+/SR-/SP+/SP-)
Antecedent: a stimulus which occurs before a behavior
Behavior/ Response: movement or action by an individual
Consequences: a stimulus which is produced by a behavior
Motivating Operation (MO): the environmental changes that alter the reinforcing value of stimulus (and the frequency of a behavior)
Future likelihood of behavior increases by
(food, water, sleep, oxygen, warmth, sexual stimulation)
(edible, tangible, sensory, activity oriented, social, generalized)
chained, mixed, tandem, alternative)
two or more reinforcers for two or more behaviors
two or more schedule of reinforcement for a behavior
requirement for reinforcement will increase over time
Future likelihood of behavior will decrease by
(pain, odors, tastes, physical restraint, loss of bodily support, extreme muscular effort)
(reprimands, response blocking, contingent exercise, overcorrection-restitutional/positive practice)
The frequency of the previously reinforced behavior decreases or ceases by discontinuing reinforcement
(base line/treatment, variability, trend-ascending/descending, level, internal/external validity)
Supplementary S to increase likelihood of correct responses
: Gradual Removal of prompts
: a particular sequence of responses within a complex skill in which completion of a response serves as a conditioned reinforcer as well as a discriminative stimulus for the next response in the chain.
S1 S2 S3 S4
R1 R2 R3 R4 SR
: breaking down a complex task into simple and smaller units
Let’s Develop Objectives for ….