Modern Period 1750-1900. Societies changed quickly Political revolutions in America and France sparked a move towards democracy. Invention of the steam engine started the Industrial Revolution. Many different styles of art developed
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-No classical artist.
-Woman! Trained by her father
-Founding member of British Royal Academy and neoclassicism artist.
-Regarded for her portraits and her history and legend paintings.
-Rare for women to be artist at the time because it was considered improper for them to study the human body. Since she couldn’t study the human body, her figures are based on classical statues.
-Art has some characteristics of the Rococo style.
-Based on Greek legend Ariadne fell in love with Thesus and helped him kill a monster and escape death. Instead of marrying her as promised, Thesus abandoned her on an island.
-Wall paintings of Ariadne found in Pompeii.
-Figure based on a Roman Statue of Ariadne out changed the pose by adding the used arm.
-Dark gloomy sea unlike the sunshine and water of the Greek islands is used to show her mood of disappointment and seriousness.
-Traveled to Italy and studied the classical art and sculpture and the great masters of Renaissance painters.
-Founding member and first president of the British academy.
-Knighted by King George III
Used classic poses from statues or Renaissance paintings.
-Drape of mothers clothing reminds us of ancient Rome
-Life size image-
-Large urn suggest ancient architecture
-Dress is a combination of antique style and of her day
-Hair is from their time
-Used several techniques to separate the mother and the daughter and focus our attention on them
1. Warm pinks and white clothing separate them from the background
2.Texture and shine of clothing contrast with the rough wall and step
3.Figures and faces are detailed why background is in broad loose strokes
4. Bright blue of daughters sash contrasts with the warm pinks neutral tones.
-French Rococo artist even after style ended
- Daughter one of his favorite subjects/models
- Studied with Chardin
- Famous for genre scenes and paintings of much and allegory
-Left in poverty when there was no market of his work
-Of his daughter
-A direct personal record of the girl. Like Durers and Rembrandt’s portrait
-Quick, broad strokes
-Face and pearls are painted in sharp detail.
-Curving lines in hair, jewelry and dress add to the light, pleasant mood.
-Son of a barber with little formal schooling
- Father worked as his studio asst. and encouraged his talent
-Became famous as a teen for watercolors
-Later his interest in light and color led him to create images that were almost abstract
-He had a major influence on the Impressionist
-None is a sandbank and ship anchorage located where the Thames and Medway Rivers come together as they reach the sea. Churning currents make the waters rough.
-Sheerness is a part city seen in the background
-Point of view is like your in a small boat tossing on the water
-Dark colors and realistic detail
-Shows his interest in effects of light, weather, and sky
-Curving lines gives feeling of energy and movement
-Sunlight against dark clouds and dark water adds drama.
-Believed paint and colors on the canvas had life of its own. He wanted us to look at the painting itself not the objects.
-Didn’t use techniques of perspectives painting was often flat, concentrating on patterns of color.
-Father objected to his career choice.
-Work strongly influenced the Impressionists although he never exhibited with them, but were friends.
-Art critics didn’t honor work until end of life.
-Similar to Baroque in their subject of matter.
-Triangle composition gives stability and order.
-Creases of table cloth line of pears, and placement of roses emphasize the geometry.
-Pears are almost 2-demension blocks of greens.
-sometimes exhibited with the Impressionist
-concerned with using color to show form and structure
-interest in landscape painting due to influence of Pissarro
-developed own personal style that influenced later artists
-called the father of modern art
-father disapproved of career.
-believed nature should be seen as geometric shapes
-used geometric shapes and small flat patterns of color to create patterns and structure
-uses warm colors in the rocks facing us are cool blues and grays to make them look 3-d and look further away
-zigzag pattern of diagonal lines create movement leads our eyes through the landscape
-Soft focus of image is characteristic of style
-Best known for still life's of flowers or fruit.
-1st African American to study at New York's National Academy of Design.
-Mark Twain gave him a letter of introduction and financial aid when he traveled to France
-troubled by financial hardships and racial prejudice
-sold his paintings door to door to support himself towards the end of his career.
-realistic picture with out symbols and messages
-dark background and plain surface keep attention focused on objects
-subjects themselves are important, not the setting
-Almost all shapes are round and organized a horizontal band created a rhythm of quiet harmony
-uses variety of textures and contrasts
-dark background and bright light in foreground adds drama.
-painter specializing in animals
-woman's fashion at the time not suited for walking or working outdoors. It also drew attention to her as women of the time didn’t belong in such places so she got permission to wear men's clothing
-looks like a landscape because of detail , but is a painting of deer because they are the main subject
-horizontal bands create peaceful mood.
-diagonals add variety and interest
-muted shades of complementary colors (red and green) unifies the painting.
- Oldest of the group known as the Impressionists
-Only Artist who participated in all 8 exhibits of Impressionist
-Lost 1500 paintings when the Prussian Army invaded France in 1870
-Impressionist was a name given as criticism
-Broken brushstroke, unmixed colors gave the work an unfinished look – “catching a passing moment” was what they were trying to do
- details are left out and edges of objects are blurred. We only see what the eye would catch at a glance
- small blunt color. Looks tan but it’s a combination of browns, yellows , greens, and even blue
-Grass is reflected in the shadows under the woman's face Capturing the effects of light was Primary goal of Impressionism
-Interested in showing nature and mans relationship to it
-Often used small patches of red
-Loved to fish
-1st career was illustrator for magazines and books which included drawing @ Lincoln’s inauguration and civil war soldier
-14 by 20
-Point of view is at bottom of falls
-Is a genre painting but may also be considered a landscape
-Watercolor on paper
-Lines down are shown through transparent watercolor
-Red is repeated
-Diagonal lines are formed visually by shadows.
-Leading member of the Belgian art world
-Painted, designed furniture, jewelry and stained glass
-The only Pointillist artist who focused on portraits
-Pointillism – small dots of color. Based on scientific study of color
-Pointillism portrait of Camille Pissarro's daughter
-Up close you can see many colors are used
-Colors seem to shimmer and move
-Red and green makes up large part of painting
-Orange in left compliments the blue throughout the painting
-Bright yellow compliments shades of violet
-Whole composition seems based on complimentary colors.
-Admired and collected Japanese woodblock-prints which used flatten perspective, unusual points of view, and figures and objects cut off at the edge of an image
-Painting of small thermal pool in Yellowstone National Park
-Looks like a seascape
-Shows influence of Japanese style
-Point of view is like we are at the edge of the pool