Hofstede’s dimensions of culture.
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Individualism: The degree of individual or group orientation Power Distance: The level of preference for equality or inequality within groups Certainty (uncertainty avoidance): The preference for risk versus structure Achievement (masculinity/femininity): The relative degrees of relationship versus task orientation. This dimension also tracks the relative masculine and feminine influences in the workplace.
Country index values range from 11 for Austria (small power distance) to 94 for Philippines (large power distance)
Major Differences between Small Power Distance and Large Power Distance Cultures
Source: Ting-Toomey (1999: 70)