Somerset Waste Action Programme. What does fashion mean to you?. In the UK we buy 2.5 million tonnes of clothes and shoes every year!. What are our clothes made of?. Wool. silk. Fur. cashmere. Angora. leather. What are our clothes made of?. cotton. linen. Viscose (AKA Rayon).
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Viscose (AKA Rayon)
-‘wrinkle-resistant’ so doesn’t need ironing
-Strong, durable material
-Relatively cheap to produce
It is made from crude oil.
Manufacturing fibres from oil uses lots of energy.
Oil is a fossil fuel which is running out.
Dyeing the fibres uses toxic chemicals- some of these are known to cause cancer
Manufacturing polyester also uses huge quantities of water.
The manufacturing process produces lots of fumes.
The most widely used natural clothing fibre.
Cotton fibres grow around the seeds of cotton plants. Cotton is grown in the Americas, India and Africa.
Huge quantities of chemical pesticides are used in cotton farming. This causes pollution and deaths from pesticide poisoning
For every 1kg of cotton material, 7000 litres of water is used in production.
In Uzbekistan the Aral Sea has shrunk to ¼ its original size due to water being pumped out for nearby cotton farms.
This has caused the loss of 22 fish species.
-Soft, warm and luxurious
-Relatively expensive compared to other materials.
Cashmere fibres come from cashmere goats. China is the largest producer of cashmere.
Large areas of china’s grasslands have been turned into desert through over-grazing by cashmere goats. These areas are now unable to support wildlife or crops.
Transporting fibres and clothing around the world contributes to Climate change .
Every year we throw away more than 1 million tonnes of textiles in the UK.
= the same weight as 125,000 double-decker buses!
Most of this ends up in landfill sites
Natural fabrics rot without air, producing methane and causing climate change
Landfill sites are Smelly, Noisy and Ugly.
Fills the countryside with rubbish, destroying wildlife habitat
Less rubbish going to landfill sites
Less energy and fuel used
Saves precious natural resources.
Less harmful chemicals used.
Baled up and distributed around the world via second-hand clothing sellers.
Shredded and used to fill mattresses, furniture and loud-speaker cones.
Cut up into industrial wiping cloths
Fibres reclaimed and used to make yarn.
TRAID turn unwanted clothing into ‘new’ designer garments. Money raised from their sales helps fund international aid projects.
Patagonia make fleeces from old plastic bottles!