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INT 313: INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION Fall 2002 19 November 2002 The Organization of the United Nations PowerPoint Presentation
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INT 313: INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION Fall 2002 19 November 2002 The Organization of the United Nations Summary (14.11.2002) The United Nations I: An Introduction The Charter of the UN The Objectives of the UN The Principles of the UN The Organization of the UN

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INT 313: INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONFall 200219 November 2002The Organization of the United Nations

INT 313

summary 14 11 2002 the united nations i an introduction
Summary (14.11.2002)The United Nations I: An Introduction
  • The Charter of the UN
  • The Objectives of the UN
  • The Principles of the UN
  • The Organization of the UN

INT 313

lecture outline 19 11 2002 the organization of the un
Lecture Outline (19.11.2002)The Organization of the UN
  • General Assembly
  • Security Council
  • Economic and Social Council
  • Trusteeship Council
  • Secretariat
  • International Court of Justice

INT 313

the security council
The Security Council
  • Privileges of the big powers
  • The members of the SC (1945, 1965)
  • The performance of the SC in its history
    • First years of the post-war periods
    • 1950s and 1960s
    • Detente Era
    • Post-Cold War period

INT 313

the security council5
The Security Council
  • How non-permanent members are elected?
    • Charter principles
    • Non-Charter agreements
      • 1946 1965

2 Lat. Ame. 5 Africa and Asia

1 Western Europe 2 Latin America

1 Eastern Europe 1 Eastern Europe

1 Commonwealth 2 Western Europe & others

1 Middle East

INT 313

the security council6
The Security Council
  • The functioning of the SC

INT 313

the security council7
The Security Council
  • SC Meetings
    • Regularly once at least 14 days
    • May be breached by common consent
    • Each members should keep a representative in the headquarters
    • Presidency

INT 313

functions of t he security council
Functions of the Security Council
  • 1. (Primary Function) To maintain international peace and security
    • Consideration of disputes
    • Threat to peace
    • Breach of the peace
    • SC decisions are binding. However practically, there are some problems
    • International Regulation of Armaments

INT 313

functions of t he security council9
Functions of the Security Council
  • 2. Participation in Elective Processes (joint with the General Assembly)
    • New members (by GA by the recommendation of the SC)
    • Secretary General
    • The judges of the International Court of Justice

http://www.un.org/Docs/scinfo.htm

INT 313

economic and social council
Economic and Social Council
  • Establishment of the Council
    • The insistence of the smailler powers
    • The LN experience
    • 1945 (18); 1965 (27); 1973 (54).
    • Members are elected for three years terms
    • Big powers are generally elected as members becasue of their economic strength to finance economic and social development

INT 313

economic and social council11
Economic and Social Council
  • ECOSOC Meetings
    • Until 1992 met twice a year; then lengthened session in each year
    • ¾ of the UN budget is used for ECOSOC activities

INT 313

functions of economic and social council
Functions of Economic and Social Council

Three main Functions

  • Deliberation and Recommendations
  • Research and Reports
  • Coordination

http://www.un.org/esa/coordination/ecosoc/

INT 313

functions of economic and social council13
Functions of Economic and Social Council

Three main Functions

  • Deliberation and Recommendations in the issues of
    • Human rights
    • Refugees
    • Economic and social development
    • Culture, education, heath
    • Trade and transportation
    • Population, housing, labor conditions

INT 313

functions of economic and social council14
Functions of Economic and Social Council

Three main Functions

  • Research and Reports
    • Within all the topics that ECOSOC is related
    • Statistical Studies
      • World Economic Survey
      • Report on the World Social Situation
      • UN Statistical yearbook
      • UN Demographic Yearbook
      • UN Yearbook on Human Rights

INT 313

functions of economic and social council15
Functions of Economic and Social Council

Three main Functions

  • Coordination
    • General-Director for Development and International Economic Cooperation (Second-only rank to the SG of the UN)

INT 313