BUDDHISM. BACKGROUND (NOT IN BOOK) THREE “OFFSHOOTS” OF HINDUISM JANISM- SIKHISM- BUDDHISM- MOST IMPORTANT. B. Compared to other Religions 1. Third Largest Behind Christianity and Islam 2. Third Oldest Behind Hinduism and Judaism. II. ORIGINS (vague) 563 B.C.E. (6 th century)
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BACKGROUND (NOT IN BOOK) • THREE “OFFSHOOTS” OF HINDUISM JANISM- SIKHISM- BUDDHISM- MOST IMPORTANT
B. Compared to other Religions 1. Third Largest Behind Christianity and Islam 2. Third Oldest Behind Hinduism and Judaism
II. ORIGINS (vague) • 563 B.C.E. (6th century) • India (no community today) C. Founder: Siddartha Gautama
III. CONTRAST: HINDUISMBUDDHISM • CASTE SYSTEM DENIES STATUS- ? • BELIEF IN GOD(S) NO HELP IF EXIST- • NEED FOR SAMSARA CHANGE ANYTIME- • SUBMIT TO FATE CONTROL OF SELF-
LEGEND OF THE “FOUNDER” (MEANING) A.BORN POLITICAL CASTE PRIVILAGED B. ROLE OF FATHER C. SHELTERED FROM “EVIL” OF THE WORLD (PAIN OF NORMAL LIFE) D. DID NOT INTEND TO BEGIN NEW RELIGION
E. CONVERSION EXPERIENCE “THE FOUR SIGHTS” 1. Old Man- 2. Sick Man- 3. Dead Man- 4. Peaceful Monk-
F. LEFT FAMILY TO SEARCH FOR _____?________. G. WHY WAS LEAVING FAMILY NORMAL? H. LIVED LIFE OF “ASCETIC” (DEF. SELF DENIAL FOR PERSONAL SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT.) *Did not work for him.
Used Meditation to find peace *Buddha= “Enlightened One” • TAUGHT “FOUR SACRED TRUTHS” (list from text) K. PRACTICED “EIGHT FOLD PATH” (list from text)