I. Anorexia Nervosa:an eating disorder characterized by self-starvation. Distorted body image. Constantly dieting and believing one is fat. May cause irregularity or cessation of menstruation. Often good students and “perfectionists”. Predominantly a female disorder. Usually develops between the ages of 12 and 18.
A. Binge Eating/Purging Anorexia:frequent episodes of binge eating and purging and other problems related to impulse control, such as substance abuse or stealing. B. Restrictive Anorexia:rigidly and obsessively controlling of diet. C. Medical Complications of Anorexia...
II. Bulimia Nervosa:an eating disorder in which a person regularly eats huge quantities of food and then purges the body with laxatives, induced vomiting, fasting, or excessive exercise. Usually of normal weight. Usually develops between the ages of 18 and 30. A. Recurrent binge eating episodes characterized by... Eating large amounts of food during a 2-hour period or less. Loss of control over food intake. Average of at least 1 binge-purge episode per week for at least 3 consecutive months. May binge eat as many as 10,000 calories. The foods are often “forbidden” foods like foods high in sugar and fat.
B. Medical Complications of Bulimia... III. Sociocultural Factors Influencing Anorexia and Bulimia... A. Ethnic Differences IV. Psychosocial and Emotional Factors Influencing Anorexia and Bulimia... A. Rigid Diet B. Loneliness C. Control D. Coping
V. Cognitive Factors Influencing Anorexia and Bulimia... A. Perfectionism VI. Family Factors VII. Biological Factors
VIII. Treatment for Anorexia and Bulimia... A. Behavior Therapy: reward eating in anorexics and reward not purging among bulimics. B. Cognitive Therapy: change body image. C. Drug Therapy...
IX. Binge-Eating Disorder:a disorder characterized by recurrent eating binges without purging. Must occur at least once a week for three consecutive months. During a binge, people often eat rapidly and continue to do so even after becoming uncomfortably full. The behavior is typically done in private and is associated with feelings of guilt and depression.