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Gas Development in Nigeria: Prospects and Direction . Professor Anthony O. Adegbulugbe Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters, Presidency, Abuja

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gas development in nigeria prospects and direction

Gas Development in Nigeria:Prospects and Direction

Professor Anthony O. Adegbulugbe

Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters, Presidency, Abuja

Paper Presentation delivered at the World Bank Energy Week 2006, held at World Bank Headquarters, Washington DC, USA from March 6-10, 2006

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

presentation outline
Presentation Outline…
  • Overview of Gas Resources in Nigeria
  • Gas utilization in Nigeria
  • Impediments to gas development in Nigeria
  • Opportunities for Gas Development
  • Future Prospects/ Directions
  • Key strategic issues in the Gas sector
  • Current Reform Efforts
  • Conclusion

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters

overview of gas resources in nigeria
Overview of Gas Resources in Nigeria…
  • While there is some ambiguity as to the precise volume of gas resources in Nigeria. It is generally believed that Nigeria is a gas-rich country.
  • Current estimates put the proven reserves at about 187Tcf and NNPC estimates that probable gas reserves may be over 600Tcf.
  • This makes Nigeria the country with the highest gas reserves in Africa and the 7th in the world

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters

gas utilization in nigeria
Gas Utilization in Nigeria…
  • Current gas production in Nigeria is about 4.6bcfd
  • The utilization of gas currently produced goes to:
    • Power generation
    • Export projects
    • Other domestic uses
    • Flaring
    • Over 55% or close to 2.5bcfd of gas produced is currently flared
  • Thus Nigeria has the unenviable record as one of the countries with the highest gas flares in the world

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters

impediments to gas development in nigeria
Impediments to Gas Development in Nigeria…
  • Inadequate Gas Supply Infrastructure
  • Inappropriate/ unrealistic pricing of gas, especially for domestic use
  • Absence of Institutional and regulatory framework
  • Low level of industrialization
  • Inadequate consumptive capacities

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters

opportunities for gas development current and planned projects
Opportunities for Gas Development – Current and Planned Projects…
  • These can be looked at from 2 perspectives:
    • Export- Oriented Projects
    • LNG Projects. The NLNG which commenced in 1999 with 2 trains has expanded to trains 4 and 5. NLNG plans to expand its capacity to 16.8mty thus making Nigeria the third largest exporter of LNG in the world.
    • West African Power Pool (WAPP)
    • Proposed West African Gas Pipeline (WAGP)
    • Proposed Trans Saharan Gas Project

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters

opportunities for gas development current and planned projects contd
Opportunities for Gas Development – Current and Planned Projects…contd
  • Domestic- Oriented Projects
    • Power Projects – current power projections show that gas will be very prominent. Major oil companies are planning or have already established gas fired Independent Power Plants (IPPs)
    • G2P Initiative – A World Bank Initiative
    • LPG Programme
    • Establishment of NGLs, GTLs
    • Use of gas as Energy Source in Industries – Cement Plants, Steel Plants, fertilizers and petrochemicals

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters

natural gas will dominate power generation mix
Natural gas will dominate power generation mix…
  • Presently 54%
    • Rising to 70% in the future

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters

Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters

therefore there is a need for a framework
…Therefore there is a need for a framework…
  • The G2P initiative will provide platform for
    • Framework for Gas to Power Projects (IPPs and gas supply infrastructure) development
    • Optimization of infrastructure needed for gas and power development (IPPs, Power Transmission and Distribution Network, Transmission Pipelines & Gas Based Industries
    • Attract investment for concrete projects implementation

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters

Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters

slide10

Schematic diagram of the G2P Initiative…

Investment Banking Services

Engineering

Projects Implementation

Energy Pricing

Legal Advisory

PHASE 1: INTEGRATED STUDY

PHASE 2: INVESTMENT BANKING SERVICES & PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

key strategic issues being addressed
Key Strategic Issues Being Addressed…
  • Creation of an enabling environment for investment
  • A comprehensive, integrated power-gas approach
  • Development of Gas Infrastructure
  • Appropriate Regulatory framework
  • Energy Market Reforms

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters

Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters

government current efforts
Government Current Efforts…
  • Government is committed to the deregulation of the energy and gas markets
  • The Downstream Gas Bill is currently with the National Assembly
  • The Natural Gas Fiscal Reform Bill is also due to be presented to the National Assembly
  • There are several on-going power projects including the 7 Power Plants that are to be constructed in the Niger Delta. Gas is to be the main energy input for these power plants

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters

development in lpg sector
Development in LPG Sector…
  • The Government already commissioned international experts on LPG development
  • The objective of current efforts in the LPG sector is to:
    • Improve Nigeria’s LPG market organization
    • Lay the groundwork for private investor led growth in private sector
    • Promote domestic supply and utilization of LPG

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

developments in marginal fields
Developments in Marginal Fields..
  • The country is about to initiate pilot projects on how to use the marginal fields to produce power and LPG to:
    • Achieve social objectives and
    • Guarantee financial viability
  • The pilot project will be used as a model for private sector led utilization of gas from marginal oil fields for power and LPG
  • WB is planning a study under the Global Gas Flaring Reduction programme for Small-Scale Use of Gas.
    • Need for coordination of the WB plan with National Initiative.

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

conclusion
Conclusion…
  • The prospects for gas development and utilization is very bright in Nigeria
  • Several Initiatives are on-going
  • International and local investors are interested
  • Appropriate regulatory and institutional reforms to enhance investment environment are on course

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006

Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Energy Matters

thank you for your attention

Thank You for Your Attention!!

Adegbulugbe A.O. - Energy Week March 2006