Native Americans Ed 417Dr. Helms Created by: Maureen Burke, Allison Hildebrandt & Sarah Herkins
Native Americans Second Grade Clothing and Face Painting
Objectives Students will: • create their own headdress • create their own Native American jewelry • learn the meanings of Native Americanface paint • prepare a Native American dish • design their own clay pottery
Materials Needed • Paint • Paint brushes • String • Beads/ Noodles • Feathers • Construction Paper • Glue • Cloth • Markers
Websites Face Paint www.nativetech.org/seminole/facepainting/index.php Making Jewelry www.nativetech.org/seminole/beads/index.php Native American Textiles www.kstrom.net/isk/art/art_clo.html Native American Tribes http://www.dickshovel.com/trbindex.html Native American Headdresses http://photo2.si.edu/kayapo/kayapo.htm
Major Tribes in Ohio Shawnee Miami Wyandot Huron Mingo 6. Ottawa 7. Iroquois 8. Algonquian 9. Seneca 10. Delaware
Shawnee • The Shawnee Indians were living in the Ohio Valley as early as A.D. 1660. • But the Iroquois were not willing to share these rich hunting grounds and drove the Shawnees away. • As the power of the Iroquois weakened, the Shawnee Indians moved back into Ohio from the south and the east. • They settled in the lower Scioto River valley.
Miami The Miami Indians originally lived in Indiana and southern Michigan.They moved into the Maumee Valley around A.D.1700.They soon became the most powerful Indian tribe in Ohio. The Miamis speak a form of the Algonquian Indian language Little Turtle
Ottawa • The Ottawa Indians originally lived along the Ottawa River in eastern Ontario and western Quebec. • They moved into northern Ohio around A.D. 1740. • They speak a form of the Algonquian Indian language • They were enemies of the Iroquois and never really trusted the Wyandot because they were related to the Iroquois. Pontiac
Native American Necklaces • Prehistoric Native American necklaces were made of shell, bone, teeth, claws, pottery and other natural materials. • A traditional Penobscot necklace consists of deer antler prongs and deer hoofs bored and strung on leather...’ • Another necklace of fawns teeth helped teething children.
Activity #1 Making Necklaces After discussing Native American jewelry, the students will create their own necklaces. There will be different materials available at workstations. After the necklaces are made, the students will present and discuss their jewelry.
Ceremonial Headdress This real headdress has a double trail that flows down the back. The feathers are white with black ends with red fluffs. It has white fluffs and red felt standards at the base. It has a beaded headband with side rosettes that are trimmed with fluff feathers. It has a felt head covering also covered with feathers. There are approximately 130 full size legal eagle feathers in this beautiful headdress.
Activity #3Making a Headdress After learning about Native American headdresses, the students will create their own! Each group will be given supplies to work with. The students may wear their headdresses for the rest of the day.
Guide to Face Painting The use of colors might be as follows: RED was the color of war. WHITE was the color of peace.. BLACK was a "living" color, worn on the face to prepare for war. GREEN worn under the eyes was supposed to empower the wearer with night vision. YELLOW represented death, as it is the color of "old bones." Care should be taken not to wear a lot of yellow.
Activity #2Face Painting After learning about face painting and the significant colors, the students will pair up and begin the activity. Students will move to each color station to complete the face painting. We will meet for a group picture at the end!
Making Native American FoodActivity #4 Blueberry Wojapi Ingredients: * 1 can blueberries * 3 cans water * 1 cup sugar * 3/4 cup flour * Water to mix with flour to make a gravy or sauce mixture. Preparation: * Put the blueberries into a medium sauce pan. * Add 3 cans water to blueberries. * Add the sugar and mash the blueberries. * Heat until boiling. * Slowly add the flour paste to make a gravy like mixture.
Activity #5 Making clay pots PINCHING THE BASE AND USING A SUPPORT To start, pinch your thumbs into the center of a ball of clay. Squeeze your thumb on the Inside with your fingers on the outside of the pot.. 2. Place the base in a hollow in the ground, or in a bowl shaped vessel which can be rotated easily by the potter as the pot is built up. ROLLING, BRUSHING, ADDING AND JOINING THE COILS 3. To be joined properly, the coils should be roughened using a moistened stiff brush.. 5. Add a coil. one foot or longer, around the inside rim of the pot being held in its support. 6. The coils must be firmly joined to the pot or cracks will appear when the pot dries.
Pottery making continued PADDLING, SMOOTHING AND SCRAPING THE POT 7. Join coils in A spiral direction until a rough form of the pat is made, or until the addition of more moist coils will cause the pot to slump under the weight. Paddle the pot to its final form using a smoothed cobble on the inside of the pottery wall for support. Paddling helps compress and strengthen the clay and decorates the outside of the pot with cord marks. 8. A smooth, flat scraping tool may be used on the pot to compress cracks or smooth the pot for more decoration