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El Salvador: Why you should care. 1838 : El Salvador becomes and independent republic. 1931 : Military coup seizes power. 1932 : Communist peasant named Agust � n Farabundo Mart � leads an indigenous guerrilla revolt against the government. The movement is suppressed and Mart � is executed.
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1838: El Salvador becomes and independent republic.
1931: Military coup seizes power.
1932: Communist peasant named Agust�n Farabundo Mart� leads an indigenous guerrilla revolt against the government. The movement is suppressed and Mart� is executed.
1933: An institutionalized repression known as La Matanza occurs during which 30,000 peasants and indigenous people are slaughtered at the hands of the armed forces.
Early 1970s: A coalition is formed to oppose the military’s political control.
1972 &1977: The opposition wins the presidential elections, but both times the military refuses to step down.
1977: 200 peaceful protesters in the capital are murdered by national armed forces.
1980: Civil war between the Salvadoran government and the FMLN (Frente Farabundo Mart� para la Liberaci�n Nacional) erupts.
March 24, 1980: Army Personnel murder Monse�or Romero while he is delivering a Catholic Mass.
December 2, 1980: Three American nuns and one female layperson are abducted, raped and killed by U.S. trained military personnel.
1981: At least 800 Salvadoran civilians are massacred in the village of El Mozote by the armed forces.
1989: Six Jesuit priests are tortured and executed at their residence in San Salvador by U.S. trained Salvadoran armed forces.
1992: Peace accords are signed ending the 12-year civil war. More that 75,000 civilians were murdered by the U.S. backed and funded military government.
1994: Presidential elections held.
2001: El Salvador adopts the dollar, hoping to inspire lower interest rates and “investor confidence”.
2004: El Salvador become the 1st country to ratify CAFTA, along with the U.S. and the Dominican Republic.
2004: U.S. intervenes in Salvador presidential elections by threatening to cut off remittances should the FMLN win.
million and an area of: 20,742 sq. km.
(Approximately the size of
Massachusetts) The most densely
populated country with the smallest
piece of land in Central America
Salvadorans live in the U.S. It is
estimated that between 400 and 750
men, women and children leave El
Salvador every day
was sent by immigrants to El Salvador,
in so called “Remittances.”
$3.6 billion in remittances.
is $93.36. Meanwhile, the price of the
canasta basica, or basic basket of
staple foods to feed a family, has risen
sharply. In the last year alone, the
urban canasta basica, rose 12% to
$159.77, while in rural areas, it rose
more than 22% to $122.78 per month.
of the Bush administration admitted
that the U.S. intervened in El
Salvador’s 2004 presidential elections.