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Integrated Planning Case Study from Seychelles. Remember, it's not the plan, it's the process that assures success. AIACC Trieste Training Program. By : Rolph Payet, 2002. What is Integrated Planning (IP)?. IP is a process which draws together previously sectorally-focussed planning efforts

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Integrated Planning Case Study from Seychelles

Remember, it's not the plan, it's the process that assures success.

AIACC Trieste Training Program

By : Rolph Payet, 2002

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What is Integrated Planning (IP)?

  • IP is a process which draws together previously sectorally-focussed planning efforts

  • IP is a process which allows interaction, conflict resolution, bottle-neck identification and knowledge exchange among stakeholders

  • IP is needed to improve institutional image and should be at the centre for institutional initiatives and resource allocation.

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Five reasons for embedding climate change in IP

  • Ensure climate change issues and concerns are understood and considered in planning

  • Help understand how potential preventive or adaptive responses can be implemented effectively.

  • Optimise use and allocation of resources

  • Handle issues of uncertainty across sectors

  • To identify areas where management is weak, knowledge is lacking, and communication poor.

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3 IP Models in Seychelles

  • National Development Plan (1980-1990)

    -government-wide consultation process

    -shopping list of projects

    -small environmental component

    -not linked to sustainable development principles

  • Environment Management Plan (1990-2000)

    -written by team of consultants

    -national workshop for comments

    -shopping list of projects

    -focussed exclusively on environment

    -some elements of Sustainable development

    -no cross-cutting issues

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The Environment Management Plan 2000-2010 (EMPS)

  • Multisectoral – 10 secotoral areas

  • Cross-cutting issues – 6

  • Full stakeholder involvement process – civil society, private sector, NGO, government, and international organisations and donors

  • Flexible programmatic approach

  • Multiple implementation partners and arrangements

  • Performance targets and audit

  • SD Principles fully enshrined

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The EMPS Design Process


  • EMPS Steering Committee

  • Sector Working groups

  • NGO/Private Sector Consultations

  • Donor Technical Meeting and Consultation

  • Public and Media Activities


  • Audit of Past Activities and Projects

  • Institutional Analysis and Review

  • Logical Framework approach to Program Development

  • Endorsement by Government, NGO and Private Sector Bodies

  • Creation of implementation body or focal point.

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Ministry of


Consulted if EIA or in sensitive area

Periodical consultations and site visits

Ministry of Industry

and International Business

Ministry of Land Use

and Habitats

Town & Country


Permits for sub-division

Permits for construction

Policy for decentralisation

Policy of micro-enterprise

Land use Plans

Allocates Land



Lease property


industrial estate


of industrial




Analyzing Inter-institutional Linkages

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The Logical Framework Approach

The advantages of using LFA are the following:

  • Fundamental issues are asked and weaknesses are analyzed

  • Systematic and logical analysis of the inter-related key elements

  • Highlights linkages between project elements, sectoral issues and external factors.

  • Basis for systematic monitoring and analysis of the effects of projects.

  • Facilitates common understanding and better communication between stakeholders.

  • Management and administration benefit from standardized procedures for collecting and assessing information.

  • The use of LFA and systematic monitoring ensures continuity of approach when original project staff are replaced.

  • As more institutions adopt the LFA concept it may facilitate communication between governments, NGO’s and donor agencies.

  • Widespread use of the LFA format makes it easier to undertake both sectoral studies and comparative studies in general.

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LFA in Practice

  • Steps

  • Participation Analysis

  • Problem Analysis

  • Objectives Analysis

  • Alternatives Analysis

  • Define main project elements

  • Identify Linkages

  • Assumptions & constraints

  • Determine indicators

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Society, Population and Health (including Gender)

Land Use, Coastal Zones and Urbanisation

Biodiversity, Forestry and Agriculture

Energy and Transport

Fisheries and Marine Resources/Processes

Water, Sanitation and Waste

Tourism and Aesthetics

Environmental Economics and Mainstreaming, and Sustainable Financing

Regulatory, Policy and Institutional Mechanisms

Commerce, Industry and Production

Choosing the Sectors can lead to quite a debate, but it should be kept simple and address most of the issues and all sectors.

The Integration Process

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identification of common issues

identification of gaps

prioritizing activities and ensure complimentarity

determining roles : implementer, beneficiary, etc.

identification of partners: local and international

state of knowledge assessment

The Integration Process

  • Determine how the sectors will be integrated.

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Cross-cutting themes

Education, awareness and advocacy

Partnerships, public consultation and civil society participation

Training and capacity-building


Science, research and technology

Monitoring and Assessment

Vulnerability and global climate change

The Integration Process

  • Identify the Cross-Cutting Issues

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-reduce duplication

-improve monitoring

-enhance implementation success

-improve communication


-capacity to manage, coordinate and audit

-resource mobilization

-international trends

-handling skepticism



The Integration Process

  • Identify the Benefits and Constraints

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Determine the stage of functional linkage and integration

Link objectives, culture, and key success factors

Gain agreement and commitment, and overcoming conflicts

Translate the prioritized activities into the logical framework and an operating plan with sectoral objectives, action plans, & budgets.


Demystify the strategy

Create 'ownership' for implementation

Outline how communication and exchange will be done

Implement quality management approaches – plan-do-check-act cycles

Define how to measuring and reward successful planning

Make integrated planning a process, not a one-time event

The Integration Process

  • Consolidating the strategic Plan

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Major Lessons Learned

  • A wide range of tools that can be used to facilitate integrated planning

  • A continuous process is key to sustained integrated planning

  • Climate change issues needs to be integrated in the entire process

  • Implementation arrangements are key to an integrated planning process

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Future Perspectives for IP in CC

  • Need more research on how to better integrate CC in the formal planning process of Governments and the Private Sector

  • Demystify climate change scenarios, vulnerability assessment and adaptation in IP

  • How to optimize the flow of knowledge on climate change adaptation options

  • How to engage wider participation and buy-in for implementation of Adaptation options