?. What Are Bloodborne Pathogens?. Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in blood and can cause disease in people. . Types of Bloodborne Pathogens. Bloodborne Pathogens Include Malaria Syphilis Brucellosis Hepatitis B (HBV)
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Bloodborne Pathogens Include
Employees who have been determined to have potential exposure to bloodborne pathogens (Class I and Class II in CSB|OSB Exposure Control Plan) shall be offered the Hepatitis B vaccine series at no cost to themselves unless:
Hepatitis C is a disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus. HCV is spread by contact with the blood of an infected person. You may be at risk for hepatitis C if you:
The HIV virus is very fragile and will not survive very long outside of the human body. It is primarily of concern to employees providing first aid or medical care in situations involving fresh blood or other potentially infectious materials.
Symptoms of HIV infection can vary, but often include:
Bloodborne pathogens are transmitted through contact with infected human blood and other body fluids such as:
Unbroken skin forms an impervious barrier against bloodborne pathogens. However, infected blood can enter your system through:
Bloodborne pathogens may also be transmitted through the mucous membranes of the
Warning labels must be placed on containers of regulated waste, refrigerators and freezers containing blood or other potentially infectious material; and other containers used to store, transport, or ship blood or other potentially infectious materials.
In an emergency situation, always use Universal Precautions
To minimize exposure only Knowledgeable personnel should respond, wearing appropriate PPE such as,
The best protection against exposure is to ensure you are wearing the appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE). To protect yourself, it is essential to have a barrier between you and the potentially infectious material.
If you are working in an area where there is reasonable likelihood of exposure, you should never:
Do not keep food or drink in refrigerators, freezers, shelves, cabinets, or on counter tops where blood or potentially infectious materials are present.
All surfaces, tools, equipment and other objects that come in contact with blood or potentially infectious materials must be decontaminated and sterilized as soon as possible. Equipment and tools must be cleaned and decontaminated before servicing or being put back to use.