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The Philadelphia Zoo A VIRTUAL FIELD TRIP African Plains Animals These animals all come from the plains of Africa Antelope Baboon Cheetah Gazelle Giraffe Rhinoceros Zebra Giraffe Tallest land animal Up to 19 feet tall Weighs up to 2,800 pounds . Neck is extremely long.

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The philadelphia zoo l.jpg

The Philadelphia Zoo

A VIRTUAL FIELD TRIP


African plains animals l.jpg
African Plains Animals

  • These animals all come from the plains of Africa

  • Antelope

  • Baboon

  • Cheetah

  • Gazelle

  • Giraffe

  • Rhinoceros

  • Zebra


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Giraffe

  • Tallest land animal

  • Up to 19 feet tall

  • Weighs up to 2,800 pounds .

  • Neck is extremely long.

  • Have two short horns

  • Can see long distances.

  • Can run up to 35 mph

  • Eat mostly leaves, twigs and bark

  • Can go for days without water.


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Zebra

  • Can run up to 40 mph

  • Live about 28 years. Zebras are closely related to horses and donkeys.

  • Live in large family groups which are led by females.

  • Distinctive white stripes on a black background.

  • Have hoofed feet.

  • Are over 4 feet tall and weigh over 600 pounds

  • Large eyes and ears

  • Eat grasses


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Baboon

  • Largest type of monkey.

  • Noisy and ferocious

  • Lives in groups called

    troops

  • Have a large, muscular

    body

  • Gray to brown fur.

  • Weigh from 30 to 100

    pounds

  • Eat both plants and meat.

  • When threatened it will run away or bark loudly and bare its large teeth.


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Sable Antelope

  • Have hooves and horns.

  • Are swift runners and can also jump very well.

  • Can bounce with all four legs held in a stiff position;

  • Have large eyes and ears

  • Eat plants

  • Swallow food whole, not chewing it initially. Later, they regurgitate a cud and chew it thoroughly.


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Cheetah

  • The fastest land animal can run up to 65 miles per hour

  • Shy and are not very sociable with each other.

  • Live for about 8 years in the wild;

  • Are a rich, tawny brown with dark spots.

  • Male are up to 7 feet long, and weigh up to 125 pounds.

  • Have a long tail that lets them make very abrupt turns.

  • Meat-eaters



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Kangaroo

  • Can hop up to 40 miles per hour and go over 30 feet in one hop.

  • Live about 6 years in the wild and up to 20 in captivity.

  • Are active at night.

  • Range in size from 2 pounds up to 6 ft and 300 pounds.

  • Soft, woolly fur can be blue, grey, red, black, yellow or brown

  • Females have a pouch in which the young live

  • Plant-eaters eat grass, leaves, and roots.

  • They swallow their food without chewing it

  • Need little water; they can go for months without drinking, and they dig their own water wells.


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Emu

  • A large, flightless bird

  • Is very fast; it can run up to 30 mph.

  • Swim very well. This huge bird lives in flocks.

  • Life span is 10-20 years.

  • Grow to be about 6 feet tall and weigh about 110 pounds.

  • Are primarily plant-eaters.

  • Swallow small stones which stay in the gizzard and help grind up food.


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Big Cat Falls

  • Lions

  • Tigers

  • Jaguars

  • Snow Leopards


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Snow Leopard

  • Fast runners, good swimmers and excellent tree climbers..

  • Live up to 21 years in captivity.

  • Grow to be about 3.5-5.5 feet long; the tail is 2-3 feet long. Adults weigh from 65 to 175 pounds. Males are larger than females.

  • Are meat-eaters.

  • They hunt mostly at night.


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Tiger

  • Large, striped cat.

  • Can live to about 18 years in captivity

  • Mostly solitary, but sometimes travel in groups of 3 or 4.

  • Male tigers are up to 10 ft) long; females are up to 9 ft long. The tail is about 3 feet long.

  • The fur is usually orange-brown with black stripes. The fur on the belly is white with black stripes.

  • Long, sharp teeth in powerful jaws.

  • A meat-eater.


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Lions

  • Large cats that live on grassy plains (savannas) in Africa and a some grasslands of India.

  • Golden-colored

  • Grow to be up to 6 feet long and weigh up to 420 pounds.

  • Live for about 15 years in the wild.

  • Live in groups, called "prides."

  • The females do most of the hunting

  • Lions are more active at night.

  • Hunt large animals.


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Jaguar

  • Live in rain forests, swamps, deserts, and shrubby areas from South and Central America.

  • They are very good swimmers.

  • Grow to be about 4-6 feet long; the tail is 2-3 feet long.

  • Bigger than leopards,

  • Are meat-eaters

  • They hunt mostly at night.


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Bear Country

  • Black Bear

  • Polar Bear


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Polar Bear

  • Large, meat-eating bears

  • Are powerful swimmers who hunt seals in the water.

  • Polar bears can run in bursts up to 25 mph.

  • Are up to 10 feet long and weigh about 1,700 pounds;

  • Polar Bears have two types of fur. They have thick, woolly fur close to the skin that keeps them warm. They also have hollow guard hairs that stick up and protect the bears from getting wet.

  • Polar Bears have black skin. They also have a thick layer of fat (up to 4 inches thick) under the skin that helps keep them warm.

  • Polar Bears live in icy Arctic areas of Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Norway, and Russia. They spend much of their time swimming in frigid seas.

  • Polar Bears are meat-eaters

  • Stomach can hold up to 150 pounds.

  • Polar bears don't drink water.


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Black Bear

  • Are large, mostly harmless bears that live mostly in forests, but also in swamps and desert scrub. These solitary mammals are found across North America.

  • Up to 6 feet long and weigh up to 300 pounds.

  • Their long, thick fur ranges in color from black to brown.

  • They are flat-footed. The front claws are longer than the rear claws.

  • Black Bears are good swimmers and can also climb trees. They have a good sense of smell but have poor eyesight.

  • Two to three cubs are born during the winter while the mother hibernates. Cubs stay with the mother for about one year.

  • Eat plants, leaves, fruits, berries, nuts, roots, honey, insects, and other small mammals.



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Pachyderm House

  • Elephants

  • Rhinoceros

  • Hippopotamus


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Elephant

  • The largest living land animal.

  • Live in family groups headed by a female (called a cow). Males (called bulls) occasionally join the group.

  • Elephants are excellent swimmers.

  • About 10 feet tall, and weigh roughly 6 tons.

  • Have tusks (large, pointed ivory teeth).

  • They have wrinkled, gray-brown skin that is almost hairless.

  • Have large ears that are shaped like the continent of Africa.

  • Breathe through two nostrils at the end of their trunk. The trunk is also used to get water and food.

  • Elephants eat roots, grasses, leaves, fruit, and bark. They use their tusks and trunk to get food. They spend most of their time eating.

  • Bulls can eat up to 300-600 pounds of food each day.


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Rhinoceros

  • A large, fast moving mammal

  • Thick skin and one or two nose horns.

  • Horn(s) are made from a hairlike substance that grows throughout the rhino's life. If the horn is broken off, it will grow back. They can grow from 1 to 3 inches each year. The longest-known rhino horn was over 5 feet long!

  • Are from 3 1/2 feet to 6 1/2 tall at the shoulder

  • Weigh from 2,400 to 5,000 pounds.

  • Are plant-eaters who graze on grass and other plant material.


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Hippopotamus

  • Have a life span of 40 years.

  • Are plant-eaters who spend most of the day resting in water.

  • Can stay underwater for up to 5 to 6 minutes.

  • They are most active at night;

  • About 4.5 feet high at the shoulder and about 13 feet.

  • It has an almost hairless body, a huge mouth and canine teeth up that are to 28 inches long.

  • Weigh up to 10,000 pounds.

  • The enormous mouth can open 4 feet wide.

  • Have unusual pores on their body which exude a thick, oily, pink sweat.

  • Baby hippos weigh 60-110 pounds at birth.


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Primate Reserve

  • Gorilla

  • Orangutan

Philadelphia Zoo


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Orangutan

  • Large, intelligent, apes.

  • Live in trees and swing from branch to branch using their arms.

  • Have a large, bulky body, a large head, a thick neck, very long, strong arms, short, bowed legs, and no tail.

  • They are mostly covered with long reddish-brown hair.

  • Hands are very much like ours

  • They vary from 2.6 - 4.5 ft tall.

  • Eat both plants and animals but eat mostly plants.

  • They drink water that has collected in the holes between tree branches


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Gorilla

  • Large, quiet, shy apes that live in Africa.

  • Live in small groups of 6-7 individuals, including one silverback (adult male), a few females, and their young.

  • Have very long arms (the arms are longer than the legs), and a short, bulky body with a wide chest.

  • They are covered with brownish hair on most of their body

  • Have a very large head with a bulging forehead, a crest on top (larger on males), tiny ears, and small, dark-brown eyes.

  • Gorillas have no tail.

  • Gorillas range from 4.6-5.6 ft tall.

  • Gorillas are mostly plant eating.

  • An average adult male eats about 50 pounds of food a day.

  • They rarely drink water.


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Reptile and Amphibian House

  • Crocodile

  • Tortoise


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Tortoise

  • Are reptiles.

  • Have a hard shell protecting their body.

  • Some live on land, others spend most of their lives in the seas, returning to the shore only to reproduce.

  • Hatch from eggs; there is no parental care.

  • Many turtles can retract their head, 4 limbs, and tail into the shell for protection.

  • They have a beak but no teeth, and no external ears, just two small holes on the sides of the head.


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Crocodile

  • A large, very rare, shy reptile.

  • It has a long, tapered, triangular-shaped snout.

  • Swim very well, mainly using their tails, but also using their webbed feet.

  • They live along the coast of Florida, Central America, and parts of South America.

  • Are gray-green, dark olive, or grayish-brown on their back which has ridged, bony scales. The belly is yellow to white and has smooth scales.

  • They grow up to 15 feet long.

  • The fourth tooth on either side of the lower jaw is exposed.

  • They have 66 teeth.

  • Are meat-eaters. They eat fish and other animals that they find in or near the water, including turtles, snakes, crustaceans (like crabs), small mammals, and birds.

  • They hunt mostly at night.


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Happy Hunting!!!

  • How many of these animals can you find on your trip?


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