Psychology 3260: Personality & Social Development. Don Hartmann Spring 2006 Lecture 17b: Social Cognition: Self Esteem. WEB Discussion Topic #19.
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Psychology 3260: Personality & Social Development Don Hartmann Spring 2006 Lecture 17b: Social Cognition: Self Esteem
WEB Discussion Topic #19 II. H. Day care? Morally Distinguished. Summary due Wednesday, March 8th. A social critic argues that because most day care is far less than optimal, a parent should stay home to care for their infants and toddlers, if not forever, at least until they are age 3 or older. Respond to this claim, citing evidence to suggest that the critic’s viewpoint might be overstated.
WEB Discussion Assignments & Due Dates WEB Assignment # Group I II III IV CSI 02/03 (02/03) 02/24 Growing Pain 02/06 (02/06) 02/27 Psyched 02/07 (02/07) 02/28 Agrrrression 02/08 (02/07) 03/01 Authoritarians02/09 (02/08) 03/02 Divas 02/10 (02/10) 03/03 Peer Pressure 02/13 (02/13) 03/06 Morally Distinguishe 02/14 (02/22) 03/08 Raging Hormones 02/15 (02/15) Bono 02/16 (02/16) Girlie 02/19 Note: Each discussion topic closes at 5:00 p.m. two days prior to the stated due data.
Panel Discussion Schedule Wednesday… Feb. 29th: Identity (Murquia et al.) Mar. 08th:Gender (Marcus et al.) Mar. 29th: Bullying (Borski et al.) Apr. 05nd: Child Abuse (Kyle et al.) Apr. 12th ??? (Becca Vrabel et al.) Apr. 19th ??? Anisa Talebreza et al. ----- Note: Let’s get those question marks resolved!
Handout WEB Date Date 21. Lect. #9: Piaget ----- 01/25 22. Lect. 10: Peers I ----- 01/27 23. Study Guide #4 ----- 01/30 24. Study Guide #5 ----- 02/03 25. Lect. #12: Peers II ----- 02/03 ----- 26. Lect. #13a: Emotions (with notes) ----- 02/08 27. Lect. #14: Emotions & School ----- 02/10 27. Study Guide #6 ----- 02/13 28. Lect. #15: Atttachment I ----- 02/14 29. Lect. #16a: Attachment II (Mat. Empl.) ----- 02/16 30. Lect. #16b: Attachment II (Day Care) ----- 02/21 31. Lect. #17a: Social Cognition—Self ----- 02/23 32. Study Guide #7 ----- 02/23 33. Quiz I Essay Answer Key ----- 02/24 34. Lect. 17b: Social Cognition: Self-esteem ----- 02/27 ----- *Handout date refers to the date the handout was distributed in class. WEB date indicates the date the handout should have been included on the class WEB site. A dashed line indicates that the handout either was not distributed in class or was not placed on the WEB. Handout Summary
Supplementary References • Cicchetti, D., & Beeghly, M. (Eds.). The self in transition: Infancy to childhood. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. • Harter, S. (1999). The construction of the self: A developmental perspective. New York: Guilford.
Overview of Social Cognition Lecture—Self-Esteem • Overlap with text: Pp. 174-181 • Lecture: • Introduction • Harter’s assessment • Developmental changes in self-esteem • Correlates of self-esteem • Improving self-esteem • Next: Lecture #17c: Social Cognition--Identity
Additional Self-Related Acquisitions (2) • Self‑esteem‑‑affectively tinged self evaluations (Susan Harter, 1999) • Harter’s method assessment
How Harter Measures Self-Esteem Scholastic Really true Sort of true Really true Sort of true for me for me for me for me Some kids have BUT Other kids almost trouble figuring out always can figure the answers at out the answers Social Acc. Really true Sort of true Really true Sort of true for me for me for me for me Some kids find BUT Other kids find it hard to make it easy to make friends friends
Self-Esteem (Harter, 1999) • Very young elementary school children have inflated sense of self-worth; perhaps reflects desires rather than genuine self-appraisals • Older elementary school children have increasingly differentiated, accurate, and relatively stable sense of self in peer, academic, behavioral, athletic, and physically‑ related senses of self—all of which contribute to an overall sense of self worth
More on Self-Esteem • Young adults have still more differentiated sense of self—the social arena is split into subdomains as is the academic • Consistency: dips at around teen years--more so for girls—and declines in old age. Temporal stability increases with age.
Other Aspects of Global Self-Esteem • The highest correlate of global self-esteem is physical attractiveness (r≈.65) • Children who are raised by sensitive, nurturing parents have higher self esteem than those raised by other kinds of parents • In reflecting on the determinants of their self esteem, young adults frequently mention experiences with friends and romantic partners.
Enhancing Self-Esteem Enhancing self-esteem • encouragement to value areas of existing competence • identifying areas of importance to the self • emotional support and social approval from others • acquisition of skills in areas deemed important—including coping skills
Summary of Social Cognition Lecture • Lecture: • Introduction • Harter’s assessment • Developmental changes in self-esteem • Correlates of self-esteem • Improving self-esteem • Next: Lecture #17c: Social Cognition--Identity • Go in Peace