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Career Planning Begins with Assessment Meeting the Needs of Youth and Young Adults. What this session will cover: . The factors that contribute to career planning challenges faced by vulnerable youth and youth with disabilities

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Career Planning

Begins with Assessment

Meeting the Needs of Youth and Young Adults

what this session will cover
What this session will cover:
  • The factors that contribute to career planning challenges faced by vulnerable youth and youth with disabilities
  • The experiences that support their transition to adulthood and the career planning process.
  • How assessment is used during transition to ensure quality career planning for youth.
what is career planning
What is Career Planning?
  • Career planning is a set of activities designed for youth to make informed choices about academic programs, training, and work.
  • To be successful, youth need access to a specific range of experiences that allow them to explore their interests and the many options available to them.
what is assessment
What is Assessment?
  • Assessment is “the process of collecting data for the purpose of making decisions.”
  • It is the part of career planning that closely examines the interests and abilities of each individual to establish a basis for identifying appropriate types of employment, training, and career development possibilities.
nine factors that often lead to transition challenges
Nine factors that often lead to transition challenges
  • Diagnosed disabilities
  • Hidden or undiagnosed disabilities
  • Chronic illness
  • Poverty
  • Immigrant status—culture and language
  • Teen parenthood
  • Involvement in the juvenile or adult justice system
  • Homelessness
  • Involvement in the foster care system
experiences supporting development and the career planning process the five guideposts
Experiences supporting development and the career planning process—The Five Guideposts
  • School-Based Preparatory Experiences
  • Career Preparation & Work-Based Learning Experiences
  • Youth Development & Youth Leadership Opportunities
  • Connecting Activities & Support Services
  • Family Involvement Activities
1 school based preparatory experiences
1. School-Based Preparatory Experiences
  • Standards and high expectations
  • Based on meaningful indicators of student learning and skills
  • Career and technical education options
  • Accommodations and adaptive technology for youth with disabilities
2 career preparation work based learning experiences
2.Career Preparation & Work-Based Learning Experiences
  • Secondary and postsecondary
  • In-school and community-based
  • Structured exposure in paid and unpaid work
  • Mentoring and Internships
  • Ongoing assessment
  • Collaborative support
3 youth development youth leadership opportunities
3. Youth Development & Youth Leadership Opportunities
  • Activities that allow youth to control and direct their own lives based on informed decisions
    • Self-advocacy
    • Conflict resolution
    • Personal leadership
    • Community Service
    • Mentoring
4 connecting activities support services
4. Connecting Activities & Support Services
  • Physical and mental health services
  • Transportation
  • Tutoring
  • Financial planning and management
  • Postsecondary supports
  • Assistive technology for youth with disabilities
5 family involvement and supports
5. Family Involvement and Supports
  • Access to community resources
  • Opportunities to be engaged in decision making
  • Opportunities to learn about legislation, disabilities, and career options
idea thirteen categories of disability



Hearing Impairment

Mental Retardation

Multiple Impairments

Orthopedic Impairment

Other Health Impairment

Serious Emotional Disturbance

Specific Leaning Disability

Speech or Language Impairment

Traumatic Brain Injury

Visual Impairment or Blindness

IDEA & Thirteen Categories of Disability
hidden disabilities
Hidden Disabilities
  • Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD)
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder—


  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Mental Health or Emotional Problems
  • Mental Retardation
  • Chemical Health Issues
issues related to hidden disabilities
Issues Related to Hidden Disabilities
  • Disclosure
  • Screening and Assessment
  • Referrals to Consultants
  • Education and Training Programs
  • Judicial System and Treatment Programs
out of school youth with disabilities
Out of School Youth with Disabilities
  • Eligibility and access to services
  • Vocational Rehabilitation
  • Workforce Investment Act

-Youth Services

-Adult Services

meeting an individual s career planning assessment needs five goals
Meeting an Individual’s Career Planning Assessment Needs—Five Goals
  • Multiple Options
  • Self-Advocacy: Person Centered Planning
  • Bridging Academic and Career Needs
  • Access to Critical Information
  • Professional Adult Assistance
the four domains of assessment
The Four Domains of Assessment
  • Educational
  • Psychological
  • Vocational
  • Medical
formal testing instruments in assessment
Formal Testing Instruments in Assessment

Seven Areas of Testing and Performance Review

  • Academic Performance or Achievement
  • Cognitive Abilities
  • Behavior, Social, and Emotional Issues
  • Vocational Interests
  • Job Aptitudes
  • Certification of Occupational Competencies
  • Physical and Functional Capacities
1 academic performance or achievement testing
1. Academic Performance or Achievement Testing

Purposes of Assessment in Academic Planning:

  • Determine eligibility for special services
  • Aid student placement and instruction
  • Support accountability efforts

The goal is to identify the academic skills,

learning styles, cognitive abilities,

and educational challenges of individual youth.

2 cognitive abilities testing
2. Cognitive Abilities Testing
  • Educational Domain
    • Intelligence Testing
  • Psychological Domain
    • Neuropsychological testing
    • Testing for learning disabilities
3 behavioral social and emotional issues
3. Behavioral, Social, and Emotional Issues
  • Their impact on youth
  • Behavioral testing and assessment
  • Mental health diagnostic testing
  • Chemical health diagnostic testing
vocational assessments
Vocational Assessments
  • Interest testing
  • Job aptitudes
  • Certification of occupational competency
  • Physical and functional capacities
4 vocational interests tests
4. Vocational Interests Tests
  • Lead to pragmatic academic and career planning
  • Can be purchased or found on line at many Web sites
  • Many government sites have forms of these tests
  • Should not be used to “screen out”
5 job aptitudes habits and skills
5. Job Aptitudes, Habits, and Skills
  • Wide variety of written or performance assessments
  • KSAs—knowledge, skills, and abilities
  • Situational work assessments
  • Work sample testing
  • Analysis of work environments
7 physical and functional capacities vocational
7. Physical and Functional Capacities—Vocational
  • Work Capacities
    • Work Tolerance
    • Motor Skills and Manual Dexterity
    • Assistive Technology Assessments
    • Post-secondary and Workplace Accommodations
7 physical and functional capacities medical
7. Physical and Functional Capacities—Medical
  • Medical Diagnostic Testing
  • Speech/Language, Physical, and Occupational Therapies
  • Treatment
independent living skills assessments
Independent Living Skills Assessments
  • Transportation and mobility
  • Personal care
  • Recreation and leisure
  • Home maintenance
  • Communication skills
testing accommodations
Testing Accommodations
  • Reliability and Validity
  • Publisher Guidelines
  • Institutional Guidelines
  • Four Types of Accommodation
    • Presentation Format
    • Response Format
    • Setting
    • Timing
factors in choosing published tests and assessments
Factors in Choosing Published Tests and Assessments
  • Reliability
  • Validity
  • Fairness
  • Cost
  • Time needed to administer and score
  • Qualifications of test administrator
  • Ease of use
  • Reporting format
career planning begins with assessment the guide
Career Planning Begins with Assessment—The Guide

Other Features:

  • Directory of Commonly-Used Published Tests
  • Building an Assessment Infrastructure
  • Ethical and Fair Assessment Practices
  • Confidentiality and Privacy Issues
  • Useful Forms and Exhibits
our web sites
Our Web Sites

The National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability for Youth

The National Center on Secondary Education and Transition

types of products and resources
Types of Products and Resources
  • How to Guides
  • Information and Policy Briefs
  • Background Papers
  • Facts and Statistics
  • Hot Topics Syntheses
  • Funding Sources
  • Training Materials
  • Joe Timmons
  • Jen Fitz-Roy
  • Peter Squire