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WESTERN HEMISPHERE TRAVEL INITIATIVE (WHTI) 6 TH INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC SAFETY / COUNTERTERRORISM CONFERENCE April 23 – 24, 2007 Presentation by Janet Rumball A/Director General Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative. Overview. WHTI Background Outreach (Air) – Action taken

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WESTERN HEMISPHERE TRAVEL INITIATIVE (WHTI)6TH INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC SAFETY / COUNTERTERRORISM CONFERENCEApril 23 – 24, 2007Presentation by Janet Rumball A/Director General Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative

  • WHTI Background
  • Outreach (Air) – Action taken
  • NEXUS Harmonization and Expansion
  • NEXUS Overview
  • Recent Developments / Key Announcements
  • Analysis of Current Federal and Provincial Documents
  • Enhanced Driver’s Licence Pilot
  • Next Steps
  • Questions
whti background
WHTI - Background
  • United States (U.S.) Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act (2004)
      • “Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall develop and implement a plan…to require a passport or other document or combination of documents deemed acceptable by the Secretary of Homeland Security.”
  • Requirement stems from a recommendation in the 9/11 Commission Report aimed at Americans, but applies equally to Canadians
background cont d
Background (Cont’d)

WHTI is being implemented in two phases

  • Air Mode
    • Implemented on January 23, 2007
    • Documents required for entry into the U.S.: valid passport or NEXUS card used at a NEXUS kiosk at designated airports
  • Land and Sea Modes
    • Implementation date – as early as January 1, 2008 and as late as June 1, 2009
    • Documents required for entry into the US to be determined – valid passports and likely U.S. PASScard, NEXUS, FAST Cards will be accepted
background cont d5
Background (Cont’d)
  • Potentially significant impacts on Canada and the U.S. for land mode
    • Foregone planned travel
    • Decreased spontaneous travel
    • Potential for border congestion impacting trade and investment
outreach air action taken
Outreach (Air) – Action taken
  • A news release, fact sheets, and background information on the WHTI and how to apply for a passport were issued to the Canadian media on November 24, 2006
  • Over 400 stakeholder associations were provided with detailed information on the WHTI as well as a link to the CBSA web site and encouraged to inform travellers of new U.S. entry requirements
  • Posters, LED screens messaging is available at Customs receiving areas at major Canadian airports
  • Public Notices published in major daily newspapers on December 21 and 28, 2006 and on January 8 and 15, 2007
  • Consultations undertaken with airlines and Canadian consulates to ensure awareness of U.S. requirements.
nexus harmonization and expansion
NEXUS Harmonization and Expansion
  • Canada and the U.S. harmonized all three NEXUS programs (Air, Land and Marine) into one in December 2006 to further improve NEXUS service to the travelling public
  • NEXUS is designed to streamline and expedite the border clearance process using dedicated lanes for low-risk, pre-approved travellers while enhancing security (initially only available at Vancouver International Airport)
  • On February 12, 2007, Minister Day announced that the NEXUS Enrolment Centre and automated self-serve kiosks are now operational at Toronto’s Pearson International Airport and that NEXUS will expand to six more airports across Canada (Edmonton, Calgary, Winnipeg, Ottawa, Montreal, and Halifax)
  • As of April 2007, NEXUS members at airports in Vancouver, Toronto, and Montreal are enjoying the benefits of membership
nexus overview
NEXUS Overview
  • Over 120,000 members enjoy the benefits of expedited cross-border travel
  • NEXUS membership is free for children under the age of 18
  • NEXUS in the air mode uses self-serve kiosks equipped with iris recognition biometric technology
  • NEXUS in the land mode uses dedicated NEXUS lanes at designated land locations. Members show their NEXUS card which uses radio frequency identification (RFID) technology
  • NEXUS in the marine mode allows recreational boaters to call a marine telephone reporting centre in advance to report entry
recent developments key announcements
Recent Developments / Key Announcements

At the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America summit, held in Ottawa on February 23, 2007, Minister Day announced progress on WHTI via three fronts:

  • U.S. government announced that Canadian and American citizens aged 15 and younger will be exempt from passport requirements when travelling by land and sea
  • Canada will work with British Columbia and Washington State on the development of their driver’s licence pilots
  • Minister Day and Secretary Chertoff agreed on the Recommended Standards for Secure Proof of Status and Nationality Documents to Facilitate Cross-Border Travel
analysis of current federal and provincial documents
Analysis of Current Federal and Provincial Documents
  • Federal Documents Reviewed
    • Certificate of Indian Status
    • Certificate of Canadian Citizenship
    • Permanent Resident Card
  • Provincial / Territorial Documents Reviewed
    • Driver’s Licence
    • Birth Certificate
  • Indian and Northern Affairs Canada is currently piloting a redeveloped Certificate of Indian Status card that is far more secure than its predecessor
  • Finalization of the gap analysis and costing estimates of provincial / territorial documents is nearing completion
enhanced driver s licence pilot
Enhanced Driver’s Licence Pilot
  • On March 23, 2007, Washington State signed a Memorandum of Agreement with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to work together on the development of an enhanced driver’s licence pilot for Washington State.
  • This agreement formalizes a shared objective of exploring an alternative to the passport under the new U.S. Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI
  • Secure driver’s licence with a cross-border travel option, to meet WHTI requirements
  • British Columbia / Washington State Working Group
  • Three (3) Premiers visit to Washington, DC, on February 27, 2007
    • Premiers of Ontario, New Brunswick, and Manitoba raised WHTI concerns and proposed acceptance of alternate documents, such as an enhanced DL
  • CBSA will continue working with DHS to obtain clarity regarding implementation plans for the Washington State Pilot
whti next steps
WHTI - Next Steps
  • Continue working with GC partners and stakeholders on Canada’s response to the WHTI
    • Continue exploring the feasibility of using Provincial / Territorial documents for cross border travel
    • Seek stakeholder advice to mitigate the impacts of the WHTI
  • Ongoing meetings with senior officials from CBSA / DHS / CBP
    • Ensure progress on the B.C. / WA driver’s licence pilots
    • Seek explicit recognition of NEXUS and Free and Secure Trade (FAST) programs for land and sea rule
    • Ensure that a clear implementation plan for land and sea is prepared
  • Regular meetings between Minister Day and Secretary Chertoff to discuss WHTI progress
  • Please do not hesitate to contact:

Janet Rumball

Acting Director General

Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative

Tel: (613) 957-1229

  • More information on the WHTI can be found at: