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Political Competition The Role of Interest Groups STRUCTURED PLURALISM Individuals with interests that derive from their assets , endowments, preferences with interests that derive from their offices and the requirements of success in office WHERE YOU STAND DEPENDS ON WHERE YOU SIT

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PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Political Competition' - MartaAdara


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political competition

Political Competition

The Role of Interest Groups

structured pluralism
STRUCTURED PLURALISM
  • Individuals
    • with interests that derive from their assets, endowments, preferences
    • with interests that derive from their offices and the requirements of success in office

WHERE YOU STAND DEPENDS ON WHERE YOU SIT

slide3
We must start with individuals

[when we talk about collectivities, like labor, or property owners, or even homeowners, we are being a little bit sloppy. We are implying that these folks all have identical wants and interests and are prepared to do something about it]

  • Individuals have multiple interests
  • Theymayjoin with others to advance some of those interests thru political action {groups}
slide4
Competitive political analysis looks at the costs and benefits of group action and predicts likely outcomes
  • Benefits of GROUP ACTION depend on
    • payoff if successful

[markets determine the payoffs accruing to alternative rules/policies]

    • the likelihood of success

[receptivity of institutions, opposition]

slide5
Costs of GROUP ACTION depend on
    • the costs of organization

[free rider problem]

    • by-product theory of group organization

ORGANIZING IS EASIER WHEN PAYOFFS ARE LARGE, GROUPS ARE SMALL, AND FREE-RIDERS CAN BE SANCTIONED

slide6
DAIRY FARMERS ARE MORE INFLUENTIAL THAN RANCHERS BECAUSE THEY ARE BETTER ORGANIZED -- WHY ARE THEY BETTER ORGANIZED?
slide7
INDIVIDUAL PAYOFFS ARE LARGE

NUMBERS ARE NOT SMALLER, BUT DAIRIES TEND TO BE SPATIALLY CONCENTRATED

FREE-RIDERS CAN BE SANCTIONED