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Social Structure. Capitalism: the means of production (land, money, equipment) are privately owned. Corporate capitalism: the economy is dominated by large, powerful corporations. Dilbert. many workers are employed by corporations. no such thing as “ a job for life ”. USA (1997):.

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social structure
Social Structure
  • Capitalism:
  • the means of production (land, money, equipment) are privately owned
  • Corporate capitalism:
  • the economy is dominated by large, powerful corporations
slide2

Dilbert

  • many workers are employed by corporations
  • no such thing as “a job for life”
social inequality

USA (1997):

Richest 20%

46.4% income

Poorest 20%

5.2% income

UK (1995):

Richest 20%

43.2% income

Poorest 20%

6.1% income

Social Inequality
poverty
Poverty
  • 13% of families in USA below the “poverty line” (1999)
  • many are African-American, Hispanic, or Native American
social classes
Social Classes
  • Upper class:
  • inherited wealth, or
  • successful business owners or managers
  • Middle class:
  • “white collar” workers (educated professionals)
  • Lower class (working class):
  • “blue collar” workers (manual labour)
middle class
Middle Class
  • more that 50% of Americans
  • mainstream America
  • largest consumer group
  • largest voting group
class in britain
Class in Britain
  • a long history of class
  • aristocratic families
  • a strong awareness of class
class in usa
Class in USA
  • most immigrants were poor
  • belief that anyone can be successful
  • belief that class “doesn’t exist”
  • but it does!
class in australia
Class in Australia
  • similar to USA
  • “the Aussie battler” (respect for the working class)
family
Family
  • basic social unit: nuclear family (parents and children)
  • can easily move (to find work)
moving out
Moving Out
  • many people want to leave home as soon as they can afford to
  • in America it is common for students to study at a college in a different city
households
Households
  • nuclear family
  • extended family
  • young couple
  • older couple (children grown up)
  • single
  • shared