First encounter with Europeans in 1541, by Hernando de Soto. Found Indians growing groves of nut and fruit trees and extensive fields of corn. Systems of roads and trails connected the towns and cities to one another. Hunting and Farming by Native Americans.
Arkansas Post was the first and most significant European establishment in Arkansas.
Mostly along the Mississippi in Arkansas because the plant needs hot days and warm nights.
Tenant Farming became the most common means of esp. cotton production after the Civil War.
The abundant forests of Arkansas enable the production of lumber, kraft paper, fine paper, newsprint, chemicals, charcoal and many other products.
Northern lumber entrepreneurs acquired timberlands in the late 19th century and would then hire men, create feeder lines into the forests, build large sawmills, and begin to harvest the virgin forests. Over time additional power equipment , such as tree cutters, road building machinery, haulers, and material management tools, supported larger operations,.
The construction of railroads had a significant impact on the state, creating towns where none had existed.
During the late 19th and early 20th century, Eureka Springs’ growth was due almost entirely to the construction of a short railroad line connected to Frisco Railroad’s main line at Seligman Missouri.
From 1920 to 2003, more than 1.8 billion barrels of oil have been produced in Arkansas.
Bauxite, the most common ore of aluminum, was designated the official state rock in 1967.
Winemaking in Arkansas began when European Catholics, primarily German-Swiss, immigrated to the state.
Rice was designated the official state grain of Arkansas on March 27, 2007.
Following WWII rice and soybean production replaced cotton as Arkansas’s major agricultural output.
Arkansas is home to a wide selection of fruit festivals occurring throughout the year including: Pink Tomato Festival in Warren, Johnson County Peach Festival in Clarksville, Grapefest in Altus, Cave City Watermelon Festival, Apple Festival in Lincoln
Axciom- global interactive marketing services company headquartered in Little Rock. Annual revenue 1.38 billion
The Arkansas poultry industry first emerged in the 1890s. A century later, Tyson Foods, based in Springdale, had become one of the largest agribusiness firms in the United States.
Prominant Arkansas trucking firms include Shaw, JB Hunt, ABC, and PAM.
Whirlpool Corporation is a global manufacturer and marketer of major home appliances with annual sales of $19 billion. They have manufacturing facilities in Fort Smith, AR.
Arkansas is home to a strong banking sector with 143 banks with assets totaling $53 billion headquartered in the state, and 1,488 branches. Notable examples include:
Walmart – founded in 1962 by Sam Walton, Walmart is the world’s largest public corporation by revenue, with over $404 billion in revenue annually. It is also the largest employer in the U.S. with more than two million associates and tens of thousands of stores around the world.
Notable attractions include Arkansas State Parks, National Parks, lakes, rivers, hunting, fishing, water sports, camping, and hiking.
The Buffalo National River, became the first national river in the United States on March 1, 1972. It is one of the few remaining unpolluted, free-flowing rivers in the lower forty-eight states.
The Fayetteville Shale is a black, organic-rich rock of Mississippian age that underlies much of northern Arkansas and adjacent states.